Nehemiah 12:31
New International Version
I had the leaders of Judah go up on top of the wall. I also assigned two large choirs to give thanks. One was to proceed on top of the wall to the right, toward the Dung Gate.

New Living Translation
I led the leaders of Judah to the top of the wall and organized two large choirs to give thanks. One of the choirs proceeded southward along the top of the wall to the Dung Gate.

English Standard Version
Then I brought the leaders of Judah up onto the wall and appointed two great choirs that gave thanks. One went to the south on the wall to the Dung Gate.

Berean Study Bible
Then I brought the leaders of Judah up on the wall, and I appointed two great thanksgiving choirs. One was to proceed along the top of the wall to the right, toward the Dung Gate.

King James Bible
Then I brought up the princes of Judah upon the wall, and appointed two great companies of them that gave thanks, whereof one went on the right hand upon the wall toward the dung gate:

New King James Version
So I brought the leaders of Judah up on the wall, and appointed two large thanksgiving choirs. One went to the right hand on the wall toward the Refuse Gate.

New American Standard Bible
Then I had the leaders of Judah come up on top of the wall, and I appointed two large choirs, the first proceeding to the right on top of the wall toward the Dung Gate.

NASB 1995
Then I had the leaders of Judah come up on top of the wall, and I appointed two great choirs, the first proceeding to the right on top of the wall toward the Refuse Gate.

NASB 1977
Then I had the leaders of Judah come up on top of the wall, and I appointed two great choirs, the first proceeding to the right on top of the wall toward the Refuse Gate.

Amplified Bible
Then I had the leaders of Judah come up on the wall, and I appointed two large thanksgiving choirs, the first one proceeding to the right on top of the wall toward the Refuse Gate.

Christian Standard Bible
Then I brought the leaders of Judah up on top of the wall, and I appointed two large processions that gave thanks. One went to the right on the wall, toward the Dung Gate.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then I brought the leaders of Judah up on top of the wall, and I appointed two large processions that gave thanks. One went to the right on the wall, toward the Dung Gate.

American Standard Version
Then I brought up the princes of Judah upon the wall, and appointed two great companies that gave thanks and went in procession; whereof one went on the right hand upon the wall toward the dung gate:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they brought the Rulers of Yehuda up on the wall, and they appointed two great companies, and they walked above on the wall to the right of the Great Gate.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they brought up the princes of Juda on the wall, and they appointed two great companies for thanksgiving, and they passed on the right hand on the wall of the dung-gate.

Contemporary English Version
I brought the leaders of Judah to the top of the city wall and put them in charge of the two groups that were to march around on top of the wall, singing praises to God. One group marched to the right in the direction of Garbage Gate.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I made the princes of Juda go up upon the wall, and I appointed two great choirs to give praise. And they went on the right hand upon the wall toward the dunghill gate.

English Revised Version
Then I brought up the princes of Judah upon the wall, and appointed two great companies that gave thanks and went in procession; whereof one went on the right hand upon the wall toward the dung gate:

Good News Translation
I assembled the leaders of Judah on top of the wall and put them in charge of two large groups to march around the city, giving thanks to God. The first group went to the right on top of the wall toward the Rubbish Gate.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then I had the leaders of Judah come up on the wall, and I arranged two large choirs to give thanks and march in procession. One choir went to the right on the wall to Dung Gate.

International Standard Version
Then I brought up the leaders of Judah to the crest of the wall, and appointed two large thanksgiving choirs, the first of which proceeded on the wall to the right toward the Dung Gate.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then I brought up the princes of Judah upon the wall, and appointed two great companies that gave thanks and went in procession: on the right hand upon the wall toward the dung gate;

Literal Standard Version
And I bring up the heads of Judah on the wall, and appoint two great thanksgiving companies and processions. At the right, on the wall, to the Refuse Gate;

NET Bible
I brought the leaders of Judah up on top of the wall, and I appointed two large choirs to give thanks. One was to proceed on the top of the wall southward toward the Dung Gate.

New Heart English Bible
Then I brought up the leaders of Judah onto the wall, and appointed two great companies who gave thanks and went in procession. One went on the right hand on the wall toward the Dung Gate;

World English Bible
Then I brought up the princes of Judah on the wall, and appointed two great companies who gave thanks and went in procession. [One went] on the right hand on the wall toward the dung gate;

Young's Literal Translation
And I bring up the heads of Judah upon the wall, and appoint two great thanksgiving companies and processions. At the right, on the wall, to the dung-gate;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Dedication of the Wall
30After the priests and Levites had purified themselves, they purified the people, the gates, and the wall. 31Then I brought the leaders of Judah up on the wall, and I appointed two great thanksgiving choirs. One was to proceed along the top of the wall to the right, toward the Dung Gate. 32Hoshaiah and half the leaders of Judah followed,…

Cross References
Nehemiah 2:13
So I went out at night through the Valley Gate toward the Well of the Serpent and the Dung Gate, and I inspected the walls of Jerusalem that had been broken down and the gates that had been destroyed by fire.

Nehemiah 12:32
Hoshaiah and half the leaders of Judah followed,

Nehemiah 12:38
The second thanksgiving choir proceeded to the left, and I followed it with half the people along the top of the wall, past the Tower of the Ovens to the Broad Wall,


Treasury of Scripture

Then I brought up the princes of Judah on the wall, and appointed two great companies of them that gave thanks, whereof one went on the right hand on the wall toward the dung gate:

the princes.

1 Chronicles 13:1
And David consulted with the captains of thousands and hundreds, and with every leader.

1 Chronicles 28:1
And David assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands, and captains over the hundreds, and the stewards over all the substance and possession of the king, and of his sons, with the officers, and with the mighty men, and with all the valiant men, unto Jerusalem.

2 Chronicles 5:2
Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel, unto Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the city of David, which is Zion.

two great.

Nehemiah 12:38,40
And the other company of them that gave thanks went over against them, and I after them, and the half of the people upon the wall, from beyond the tower of the furnaces even unto the broad wall; …

dung gate.

Nehemiah 2:13
And I went out by night by the gate of the valley, even before the dragon well, and to the dung port, and viewed the walls of Jerusalem, which were broken down, and the gates thereof were consumed with fire.

Nehemiah 3:13,14
The valley gate repaired Hanun, and the inhabitants of Zanoah; they built it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof, and a thousand cubits on the wall unto the dung gate…









(31) The princes.--The chiefs were assembled somewhere on the south-west wall, and then divided into two companies.

Verse 31. - I brought up the princes of Judah upon the wall, and appointed two great companies. Nehemiah caused all the chiefs of the nation, both lay and clerical, to mount upon the wall, and there marshalled them into two companies, composed of clergy and laity intermixed, one of which he placed under the direction of Ezra (ver. 36), while of the other he took the command himself (ver. 38). The place of assemblage must have been some portion of the western wall, probably the central portion, near the modern Jaffa gate. From this Ezra's company proceeded southward, and then eastward, along the southern wall, while Nehemiah's marched northward, and then eastward, along the northern wall, both processions meeting midway in the eastern wall, between the "water" and the "prison" gates. Toward the dung gate. On the position of this gate, see the comment on Nehemiah 2:13.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then I brought the leaders
שָׂרֵ֣י (śā·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of Judah
יְהוּדָ֔ה (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites

up
וָאַעֲלֶה֙ (wā·’a·‘ă·leh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's 5927: To ascend, in, actively

on the wall,
לַחוֹמָ֑ה (la·ḥō·w·māh)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2346: A wall of protection

and I appointed
וָאַעֲמִ֡ידָה (wā·’a·‘ă·mî·ḏāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - first person common singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 5975: To stand, in various relations

two
שְׁתֵּ֣י (šə·tê)
Number - fdc
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

great
גְּדוֹלֹ֨ת (gə·ḏō·w·lōṯ)
Adjective - feminine plural
Strong's 1419: Great, older, insolent

thanksgiving [choirs].
תוֹדֹת֩ (ṯō·w·ḏōṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 8426: An extension of the hand, avowal, adoration, a choir of worshippers

One was to proceed
וְתַהֲלֻכֹ֤ת (wə·ṯa·hă·lu·ḵōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 8418: A procession

along
מֵעַ֣ל (mê·‘al)
Preposition-m
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the top of the wall
לַחוֹמָ֔ה (la·ḥō·w·māh)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2346: A wall of protection

to the right,
לַיָּמִין֙ (lay·yā·mîn)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 3225: The right hand, side, the south

toward the Dung
הָאַשְׁפֹּֽת׃ (hā·’aš·pōṯ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 830: An ash heap, refuse heap, dunghill

Gate.
לְשַׁ֖עַר (lə·ša·‘ar)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8179: An opening, door, gate


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OT History: Nehemiah 12:31 Then I brought up the princes (Neh Ne)
Nehemiah 12:30
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