Matthew 21:45
New International Version
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard Jesus' parables, they knew he was talking about them.

New Living Translation
When the leading priests and Pharisees heard this parable, they realized he was telling the story against them--they were the wicked farmers.

English Standard Version
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he was speaking about them.

Berean Study Bible
When the chief priests and Pharisees heard Jesus’ parables, they knew He was speaking about them.

Berean Literal Bible
And the chief priests and the Pharisees, having heard His parables, knew that He speaks about them.

New American Standard Bible
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard His parables, they understood that He was speaking about them.

King James Bible
And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.

Christian Standard Bible
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they knew he was speaking about them.

Contemporary English Version
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard these stories, they knew Jesus was talking about them.

Good News Translation
The chief priests and the Pharisees heard Jesus' parables and knew that he was talking about them,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard His parables, they knew He was speaking about them.

International Standard Version
When the high priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they knew that he was talking about them.

NET Bible
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they realized that he was speaking about them.

New Heart English Bible
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke about them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And when the Chief Priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they knew that he had spoken against them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his illustrations, they knew that he was talking about them.

New American Standard 1977
And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard His parables, they understood that He was speaking about them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And as the princes of the priests and Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke of them.

King James 2000 Bible
And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke of them.

American King James Version
And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke of them.

American Standard Version
And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they knew that he spoke of them.

Darby Bible Translation
And the chief priests and the Pharisees, having heard his parables, knew that he spoke about them.

English Revised Version
And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke of them.

Weymouth New Testament
After listening to His parables the High Priests and the Pharisees perceived that He was speaking about them;

World English Bible
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke about them.

Young's Literal Translation
And the chief priests and the Pharisees having heard his similes, knew that of them he speaketh,
Study Bible
The Parable of the Wicked Tenants
44He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed.” 45When the chief priests and Pharisees heard Jesus’ parables, they knew He was speaking about them. 46Although they wanted to arrest Him, they feared the crowds, because they considered Jesus a prophet.…
Cross References
Matthew 13:3
And He told them many things in parables, saying, "A farmer went out to sow his seed.

Matthew 21:44
He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed."

Matthew 21:46
Although they wanted to arrest Him, they feared the crowds, because they considered Jesus a prophet.

Treasury of Scripture

And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke of them.

they.

Matthew 12:12
How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.

Luke 11:45
Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou reproachest us also.

Luke 20:19
And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them.







Lexicon
When
Καὶ (Kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

chief priests
ἀρχιερεῖς (archiereis)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 749: High priest, chief priest. From arche and hiereus; the high-priest; by extension a chief priest.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

Pharisees
Φαρισαῖοι (Pharisaioi)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5330: Of Hebrew origin; a separatist, i.e. Exclusively religious; a Pharisean, i.e. Jewish sectary.

heard
ἀκούσαντες (akousantes)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 191: To hear, listen, comprehend by hearing; pass: is heard, reported. A primary verb; to hear.

[Jesus’]
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

parables,
παραβολὰς (parabolas)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3850: From paraballo; a similitude, i.e. fictitious narrative, apothegm or adage.

they knew
ἔγνωσαν (egnōsan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1097: A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' in a great variety of applications and with many implications.

He was speaking
λέγει (legei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3004: (a) I say, speak; I mean, mention, tell, (b) I call, name, especially in the pass., (c) I tell, command.

about
περὶ (peri)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 4012: From the base of peran; properly, through, i.e. Around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time.

them.
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
(45) They perceived that he spake of them.--The real or affected unconsciousness of the drift of our Lord's teaching was at last broken through. The last words had been too clear and pointed to leave any room for doubt, and they were roused to a passionate desire for revenge.

Verse 45. - Pharisees. They have not been specially mentioned hitherto, but they formed the majority in the Sanhedrin, and are properly here named by the evangelist. He spake of them. They could not fail, especially after ver. 43, to see the drift of the parables; their own consciences must have made them feel that they themselves were herein signified, their motives and conduct fully discovered. But, as bad men always act, instead of repenting of the evil, they are only exasperated against him who detected them, and only desire the more to wreak their vengeance upon him. 21:33-46 This parable plainly sets forth the sin and ruin of the Jewish nation; and what is spoken to convict them, is spoken to caution all that enjoy the privileges of the outward church. As men treat God's people, they would treat Christ himself, if he were with them. How can we, if faithful to his cause, expect a favourable reception from a wicked world, or from ungodly professors of Christianity! And let us ask ourselves, whether we who have the vineyard and all its advantages, render fruits in due season, as a people, as a family, or as separate persons. Our Saviour, in his question, declares that the Lord of the vineyard will come, and when he comes he will surely destroy the wicked. The chief priests and the elders were the builders, and they would not admit his doctrine or laws; they threw him aside as a despised stone. But he who was rejected by the Jews, was embraced by the Gentiles. Christ knows who will bring forth gospel fruits in the use of gospel means. The unbelief of sinners will be their ruin. But God has many ways of restraining the remainders of wrath, as he has of making that which breaks out redound to his praise. May Christ become more and more precious to our souls, as the firm Foundation and Cornerstone of his church. May we be willing to follow him, though despised and hated for his sake.
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