Leviticus 16:22
New International Version
The goat will carry on itself all their sins to a remote place; and the man shall release it in the wilderness.

New Living Translation
As the goat goes into the wilderness, it will carry all the people's sins upon itself into a desolate land.

English Standard Version
The goat shall bear all their iniquities on itself to a remote area, and he shall let the goat go free in the wilderness.

Berean Study Bible
The goat will carry on itself all their iniquities into a solitary place, and the man will release it into the wilderness.

New American Standard Bible
"The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to a solitary land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness.

King James Bible
And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

Christian Standard Bible
The goat will carry all their iniquities into a desolate land, and the man will release it there.

Contemporary English Version
Finally, this goat that carries the heavy burden of Israel's sins must be released deep in the desert.

Good News Translation
The goat will carry all their sins away with him into some uninhabited land.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The goat will carry on it all their wrongdoings into a desolate land, and he will release it there."

International Standard Version
The male goat will bear on itself all their sins to a solitary land as Aaron sends the goat out to the wilderness.

NET Bible
The goat is to bear on itself all their iniquities into an inaccessible land, so he is to send the goat away in the wilderness.

New Heart English Bible
The goat shall carry all their iniquities on himself to a solitary land, and he shall let the goat go in the wilderness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The goat will take all their sins away to a deserted place. The man must release the goat in the desert.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land which is cut off; and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

New American Standard 1977
“And the goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to a solitary land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and that he goat shall bear upon itself all their iniquities unto an uninhabitable land; and he shall send the he goat into the wilderness.

King James 2000 Bible
And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

American King James Version
And the goat shall bear on him all their iniquities to a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

American Standard Version
and the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a solitary land: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the goat shall bear their unrighteousnesses upon him into a desert land; and Aaron shall send away the goat into the wilderness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when the goat hath carried all their iniquities into an uninhabited land, and shall be let go into the desert,

Darby Bible Translation
that the goat may bear upon him all their iniquities to a land apart [from men]; and he shall send away the goat into the wilderness.

English Revised Version
and the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a solitary land: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities to a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

World English Bible
The goat shall carry all their iniquities on himself to a solitary land, and he shall let the goat go in the wilderness.

Young's Literal Translation
and the goat hath borne on him all their iniquities unto a land of separation. 'And he hath sent the goat away into the wilderness,
Study Bible
The Scapegoat
21Then he is to lay both hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the iniquities and rebellious acts of the Israelites in regard to all their sins. He is to put them on the goat’s head and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man appointed for the task. 22The goat will carry on itself all their iniquities into a solitary place, and the man will release it into the wilderness. 23Then Aaron is to enter the Tent of Meeting, take off the linen garments he put on before entering the Most Holy Place, and leave them there.…
Cross References
Leviticus 16:21
Then he is to lay both hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the iniquities and rebellious acts of the Israelites in regard to all their sins. He is to put them on the goat's head and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man appointed for the task.

Leviticus 16:23
Then Aaron is to enter the Tent of Meeting, take off the linen garments he put on before entering the Most Holy Place, and leave them there.

Ezekiel 4:4
Then lie down on your left side and place the iniquity of the house of Israel upon yourself. You are to bear their iniquity for the number of days you lie on your side.

Treasury of Scripture

And the goat shall bear on him all their iniquities to a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

bear upon

Isaiah 53:11,12
He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities…

John 1:29
The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

Galatians 3:13
Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:

not inhabited [heb] of separation

Psalm 103:10,12
He hath not dealt with us after our sins; nor rewarded us according to our iniquities…

Ezekiel 18:22
All his transgressions that he hath committed, they shall not be mentioned unto him: in his righteousness that he hath done he shall live.

Micah 7:19
He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.







Lexicon
The goat
הַשָּׂעִ֥יר (haś·śā·‘îr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8163: Shaggy, a he-goat, a faun

will carry
וְנָשָׂ֨א (wə·nā·śā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5375: To lift, carry, take

on
עָלָ֛יו (‘ā·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

itself
אֶת־ (’eṯ-)
Direct object marker
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

their iniquities
עֲוֺנֹתָ֖ם (‘ă·wō·nō·ṯām)
Noun - common plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5771: Iniquity, guilt, punishment for iniquity

into
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

a solitary
גְּזֵרָ֑ה (gə·zê·rāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1509: Separation

place,
אֶ֣רֶץ (’e·reṣ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

and [the man] will release
וְשִׁלַּ֥ח (wə·šil·laḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

[it]
הַשָּׂעִ֖יר (haś·śā·‘îr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8163: Shaggy, a he-goat, a faun

into the wilderness.
בַּמִּדְבָּֽר׃ (bam·miḏ·bār)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4057: A pasture, a desert, speech
(22) Unto a land not inhabited.--Literally, unto a land cut off, that is, a place the ground of which is separated from all around it, hence a summit, a peak standing out by itself, a precipice.

In the wilderness.--Where no human beings dwell, but which is the abode of evil spirits. It will be seen that the directions here are simply to conduct the goat into the wilderness, where it is apparently to be let loose to pursue its own course. During the second Temple, however, the authorities decreed that the animal must be destroyed. Accordingly one of the priests who was appointed to execute this mission led the goat to a rock called Zuck, in the wilderness, situate about twelve miles, or ninety furlongs, from Jerusalem. Between the holy city and this steep rock, ten booths were erected at intervals of one mile, and persons were located in every booth to accompany the messenger to the next tent, which was distant a Sabbath day's journey. From the last booth to the rock, which was double this distance, the messenger had no companion, but he was carefully watched by the occupants of the last booth to see that he performed the ritual according to the prescribed order. On his arrival at the mountain he divided the crimson thread, which was the badge of the goat, into two; one half he fastened to the rock, and the other he tied between the two horns of the victim, and then pushed the animal down the projecting ledge of the rock, when it was dashed to pieces before it reached the bottom. Hereupon the persons stationed at the last booth to watch the proceedings waved linen cloths or white flags, thus signalling from station to station to the priests in the court of the Temple the arrival of the goat at its proper destination.

Verse 22. - Then the goat went forth, bearing upon him all their iniquities. The slain goat had symbolized and ceremonially wrought full atonement or covering of sins; but in order to impress upon the mind of the nation a joyful sense of entire liberation from the burden of sin, the second symbol of the disappearing goat is used; so that not only sin, but the consciousness and the fear of the taint and presence of sin, might be taken away from the cleansed and delivered people. The goat is to bear the iniquities of the people unto a land not inhabited. The latter words - in the original, eretz gezerah - would be more correctly translated, a laud cut off, that is, completely isolated from the surrounding country by some barrier of rock or torrent, which would make it impossible for the goat to come back again. Thus the sins were utterly lost, as though they had never been, and they could not return to the sanctified people. The Hebrew word gazar, to cut (1 Kings 3:25; Psalm 136:18), is represented in Arabic by jazara, and the substantive gezerah by jaziruh, which means an island, or an area surrounded by rivers. The word is still in use in countries where Arabic is spoken, as the designation of a district divided from the neighbouring territories by rivers cutting it off, and making it a sort of island or peninsula. Into such a district as this, the man who led the goat was to let him go. In later times, contrary to the spirit of the Mosaic appointment, the goat was pushed over a projecting ledge of rock, and so killed, a device of man clumsily introduced for the purpose of perfecting a symbolism of Divine appointment. It was more in accordance with the original institution that "the arrival of the goat in the wilderness was immediately telegraphed by the waving of flags, from station to station, till a few minutes after its occurrence it was known in the temple, and whispered from ear to ear, that the goat had borne upon him all their iniquities into a land not inhabited" (Edersheim, 'Temple Service'). Both the goat that was sacrificed and the goat that served as remover of sins typified Christ. The first presents him to our faith as the Victim on the cross, the other as the Sin-bearer on whom the Lord laid "the iniquity of us all" (Isaiah 53:4; cf. 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 3:13). "The reason for making use of two animals is to be found purely in the physical impossibility of combining all features that had to be set forth in the sin offering in one animal" (Keil). 16:15-34 Here are typified the two great gospel privileges, of the remission of sin, and access to God, both of which we owe to our Lord Jesus. See the expiation of guilt. Christ is both the Maker and the Matter of the atonement; for he is the Priest, the High Priest, that makes reconciliation for the sins of the people. And as Christ is the High Priest, so he is the Sacrifice with which atonement is made; for he is all in all in our reconciliation to God. Thus he was figured by the two goats. The slain goat was a type of Christ dying for our sins; the scape-goat a type of Christ rising again for our justification. The atonement is said to be completed by putting the sins of Israel upon the head of the goat, which was sent away into a wilderness, a land not inhabited; and the sending away of the goat represented the free and full remission of their sins. He shall bear upon him all their iniquities. Thus Christ, the Lamb of God, takes away the sin of the world, by taking it upon himself, Joh 1:29. The entrance into heaven, which Christ made for us, was typified by the high priest's entrance into the most holy place. See Heb 9:7. The high priest was to come out again; but our Lord Jesus ever lives, making intercession, and always appears in the presence of God for us. Here are typified the two great gospel duties of faith and repentance. By faith we put our hands upon the head of the offering; relying on Christ as the Lord our Righteousness, pleading his satisfaction, as that which alone is able to atone for our sins, and procure us a pardon. By repentance we afflict our souls; not only fasting for a time from the delights of the body, but inwardly sorrowing for sin, and living a life of self-denial, assuring ourselves, that if we confess our sins, God is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. By the atonement we obtain rest for our souls, and all the glorious liberties of the children of God. Sinner, get the blood of Christ effectually applied to thy soul, or else thou canst never look God in the face with any comfort or acceptance. Take this blood of Christ, apply it by faith, and see how it atones with God.
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