Leviticus 16:8
New International Version
He is to cast lots for the two goats--one lot for the LORD and the other for the scapegoat.

New Living Translation
He is to cast sacred lots to determine which goat will be reserved as an offering to the LORD and which will carry the sins of the people to the wilderness of Azazel.

English Standard Version
And Aaron shall cast lots over the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for Azazel.

Berean Study Bible
After Aaron casts lots for the two goats, one for the LORD and the other for the scapegoat,

New American Standard Bible
"Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for the scapegoat.

King James Bible
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

Christian Standard Bible
After Aaron casts lots for the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other for an uninhabitable place,

Contemporary English Version
where I will show you which goat will be sacrificed to me and which one will be sent into the desert to the demon Azazel.

Good News Translation
There he shall draw lots, using two stones, one marked "for the LORD" and the other "for Azazel."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After Aaron casts lots for the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other for azazel,

International Standard Version
Aaron is to cast lots over the two male goats—one lot for the LORD and the other one for the scapegoat.

NET Bible
and Aaron is to cast lots over the two goats, one lot for the LORD and one lot for Azazel.

New Heart English Bible
Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Aaron must throw lots for the two goats. One lot will be for the LORD and the other for Azazel.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats: one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for Azazel.

New American Standard 1977
“And Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for the scapegoat.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two he goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for Azazel. {Heb. entire removal}

King James 2000 Bible
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

American King James Version
And Aaron shall cast lots on the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

American Standard Version
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for Jehovah, and the other lot for Azazel.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats, one lot for the Lord, and the other for the scape-goat.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And casting lots upon them both, one to be offered to the Lord, and the other to be the emissary goat:

Darby Bible Translation
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats: one lot for Jehovah, and the other lot for Azazel.

English Revised Version
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for Azazel.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scape-goat.

World English Bible
Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats; one lot for Yahweh, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

Young's Literal Translation
'And Aaron hath given lots over the two goats, one lot for Jehovah, and one lot for a goat of departure;
Study Bible
The Law of Atonement
7Then he shall take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. 8After Aaron casts lots for the two goats, one for the LORD and the other for the scapegoat, 9he shall present the goat chosen by lot for the LORD and sacrifice it as a sin offering.…
Cross References
Acts 1:26
Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles.

Leviticus 16:7
Then he shall take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.

Leviticus 16:9
he shall present the goat chosen by lot for the LORD and sacrifice it as a sin offering.

Leviticus 16:10
But the goat chosen by lot to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD to make purification by sending it into the wilderness as the scapegoat.

Leviticus 16:26
The man who released the goat as the scapegoat must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water; afterward he may reenter the camp.

Treasury of Scripture

And Aaron shall cast lots on the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

cast lots

Numbers 26:55
Notwithstanding the land shall be divided by lot: according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit.

Numbers 33:54
And ye shall divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your families: and to the more ye shall give the more inheritance, and to the fewer ye shall give the less inheritance: every man's inheritance shall be in the place where his lot falleth; according to the tribes of your fathers ye shall inherit.

Joshua 18:10,11
And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD: and there Joshua divided the land unto the children of Israel according to their divisions…







Lexicon
After Aaron
אַהֲרֹ֛ן (’a·hă·rōn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 175: Aaron -- an elder brother of Moses

casts
וְנָתַ֧ן (wə·nā·ṯan)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

lots
גּוֹרָל֑וֹת (gō·w·rā·lō·wṯ)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1486: Lot -- a lot (for casting)

for
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the two
שְׁנֵ֥י (šə·nê)
Number - mdc
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

goats,
הַשְּׂעִירִ֖ם (haś·śə·‘î·rim)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8163: Shaggy, a he-goat, a faun

one
אֶחָד֙ (’e·ḥāḏ)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

for the LORD
לַיהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

and the other
אֶחָ֖ד (’e·ḥāḏ)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

for the scapegoat,
לַעֲזָאזֵֽל׃ (la·‘ă·zā·zêl)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5799: Goat of departure, the scapegoat
(8) And Aaron shall cast lots.--The lots consisted of two small tablets which at an earlier time were of box or ebony wood, but which during the later part of the second Temple were made of gold, and were kept in a wooden chest. On the one was engraved the words "For Jehovah," and on the other "For Azazel," the expression in the original, which is translated scapegoat in the Authorised Version. The high priest, after shaking the chest, put both his hands into the urn and simultaneously took out the two tablets, one in each hand. Hereupon he put the tablet which he had in his right hand upon the goat that was standing on his right side, whilst the tablet in his left hand he put on the goat on his left side. If the tablet with the in scription "For Jehovah was in his right hand the chief priest who stood at the right of the pontiff exclaimed "Hold up thy right hand on high!" and if it happened to be in the left hand, the chief of the principal household, who stood on his left, called out to him "Hold up thy left hand." Hereupon the high priest laid the two lots on the two goats, the one in the right hand on the goat at his right, and the one in the left hand on the animal at his left, exclaiming at the same time, "To the Lord a sin offering!"

And the other lot for the scapegoat.--Better, and the other lot for Azazel. The word, which only occurs in this chapter, probably denotes the utterly banished demon, the prince of the evil spirits, who with his legions occupies the desert regions and desolated places. (Comp. Isaiah 13:21; Isaiah 34:14; Matthew 12:43; Luke 11:24; Revelation 18:2.) As the removal or pardon of sin is often represented in the Bible by its being banished into the uttermost parts of the earth and seas (Micah 7:19; Psalm 103:12), nothing could be more striking or convey to the people the idea of absolute forgiveness better than this symbolical act of sending the goat laden with the sins of the congregation to the wilderness, the abode of the prince of darkness, back to the author of all sin. The rendering, scapegoat, is contrary to the manifest antithesis of the verse. If the one member "For Jehovah" denotes a person, the second member "For Azazel," which forms the contrast, must, prima facie, also denote a person. Besides, the translation scapegoat cannot be admitted in the next verse but one, where, if adopted, it would literally be "to send the goat to the scapegoat in the wilderness" .(see Leviticus 16:10), or in Leviticus 16:26, where it is, "and he who taketh away the goat to the scapegoat."

16:1-14 Without entering into particulars of the sacrifices on the great day of atonement, we may notice that it was to be a statute for ever, till that dispensation be at an end. As long as we are continually sinning, we continually need the atonement. The law of afflicting our souls for sin, is a statue which will continue in force till we arrive where all tears, even those of repentance, will be wiped from our eyes. The apostle observes it as a proof that the sacrifices could not take away sin, and cleanse the conscience from it, that in them there was a remembrance made of sin every year, upon the day of atonement, Heb 10:1,3. The repeating the sacrifices, showed there was in them but a feeble effort toward making atonement; this could be done only by offering up the body of Christ once for all; and that sacrifice needed not to be repeated.
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