Joshua 8:17
New International Version
Not a man remained in Ai or Bethel who did not go after Israel. They left the city open and went in pursuit of Israel.

New Living Translation
There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not chase after the Israelites, and the town was left wide open.

English Standard Version
Not a man was left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. They left the city open and pursued Israel.

Berean Study Bible
Not a man was left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel, leaving the city wide open while they pursued Israel.

New American Standard Bible
So not a man was left in Ai or Bethel who had not gone out after Israel, and they left the city unguarded and pursued Israel.

King James Bible
And there was not a man left in Ai or Bethel, that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

Christian Standard Bible
Not a man was left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel, leaving the city exposed while they pursued Israel.

Good News Translation
Every man in Ai went after the Israelites, and the city was left wide open, with no one to defend it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Not a man was left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel, leaving the city exposed while they pursued Israel.

International Standard Version
There wasn't a single man left in Ai or Bethel who didn't run out after Israel. They left the city open and pursued Israel.

NET Bible
No men were left in Ai or Bethel; they all went out after Israel. They left the city wide open and chased Israel.

New Heart English Bible
There was not a man left in Ai or Beth El who did not go out after Israel. They left the city open, and pursued Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Not one man was left in Ai or Bethel; they all went after Israel. So the city was left unprotected as they chased Israel.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And there was not a man left in Ai or Beth-el, that went not out after Israel; and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

New American Standard 1977
So not a man was left in Ai or Bethel who had not gone out after Israel, and they left the city unguarded and pursued Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And there was not a man left in Ai or Bethel that did not go out after Israel; and because they pursued after Israel, they left the city open.

King James 2000 Bible
And there was not a man left in Ai or Bethel, that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

American King James Version
And there was not a man left in Ai or Bethel, that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

American Standard Version
And there was not a man left in Ai or Beth-el, that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
There was no one left in Gai who did not pursue after Israel; and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And not one remained in the city of Hai and of Bethel, that did not pursue after Israel, leaving the towns open as they had rushed out,

Darby Bible Translation
And not a man remained in Ai and Bethel that went not out after Israel; and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

English Revised Version
And there was not a man left in Ai or Beth-el, that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
And there was not a man left in Ai, or Beth-el that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued Israel.

World English Bible
There was not a man left in Ai or Beth El who didn't go out after Israel. They left the city open, and pursued Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
and there hath not been left a man in Ai and Bethel who hath not gone out after Israel, and they leave the city open, and pursue after Israel.
Study Bible
The Conquest of Ai
16Then all the men of Ai were summoned to pursue them, and they followed Joshua and were drawn away from the city. 17Not a man was left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel, leaving the city wide open while they pursued Israel. 18Then the LORD said to Joshua, “Hold out your battle lance toward Ai, for into your hand I will deliver the city.” So Joshua held out his battle lance toward Ai,…
Cross References
Joshua 8:16
Then all the men of Ai were summoned to pursue them, and they followed Joshua and were drawn away from the city.

Joshua 8:18
Then the LORD said to Joshua, "Hold out your battle lance toward Ai, for into your hand I will deliver the city." So Joshua held out his battle lance toward Ai,

Treasury of Scripture

And there was not a man left in Ai or Bethel, that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

a man

Joshua 8:3,24,25
So Joshua arose, and all the people of war, to go up against Ai: and Joshua chose out thirty thousand mighty men of valour, and sent them away by night…

Joshua 11:20
For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, and that they might have no favour, but that he might destroy them, as the LORD commanded Moses.

Deuteronomy 2:30
But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day.







Lexicon
Not
וְלֹֽא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

a man
אִ֗ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

was left
נִשְׁאַ֣ר (niš·’ar)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7604: To swell up, be, redundant

in Ai
בָּעַי֙ (bā·‘ay)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5857: Ai -- a Canaanite city

or Bethel
אֵ֔ל (’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1008: Bethel -- 'house of God', a city in Ephraim, also a place in southern Judah

who
אֲשֶׁ֥ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

did not
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

go out
יָצְא֖וּ (yā·ṣə·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

after
אַחֲרֵ֣י (’a·ḥă·rê)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 310: The hind or following part

Israel,
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

leaving
וַיַּעַזְב֤וּ (way·ya·‘az·ḇū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5800: To loosen, relinquish, permit

the city
הָעִיר֙ (hā·‘îr)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement

wide open
פְּתוּחָ֔ה (pə·ṯū·ḥāh)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6605: To open wide, to loosen, begin, plough, carve

while they pursued
וַֽיִּרְדְּפ֖וּ (way·yir·də·p̄ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7291: To pursue, chase, persecute

Israel.
יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc
(17) There was not a man left in Ai or Beth-el.--Another singular justification of the peculiar strategy of Joshua. The road past Beth-el to Ai had been left open. It passes the north end of the two ravines in which Joshua's ambush was posted. At the same time, it would have been easy to conceal a chain of sentinels that could observe it and tell the 35,000 men in ambush what was going on, so that if any attempt had been made by the men of Beth-el to protect Ai, it could easily have been frustrated. But no one suspected any danger, and therefore no such attempt was made. The men of Beth-el and Ai took the road that was left open to them and pursued the Israelites, probably down the ancient way past Michmash towards the Shebarim, leaving Beth-el and Ai both unprotected. After they had gone some distance, about a mile or a mile and a half from Ai, this road would bring them past the lower end of the ravine in which the ambush was posted. A second chain of outposts would easily take the signal from Joshua when this point had been passed, and then all was over with the town of Ai.

It is curious that we do not hear of the capture of Beth-el at this time, though it would have been perfectly easy to take it. The king of Beth-el is named in the list of those whom Joshua smote (Joshua 12:16). We read of its capture in Judges 1:22, and of the "entrance into the city" being sought for and betrayed. But that can hardly have been the first capture of the town.

Verse 17. - Or Bethel. These words are not in the LXX., and they may possibly have been a marginal gloss, for the intervention of the people of Bethel in this battle is very unintelligible. See note on Joshua 7:2. On the other hand, it is quite possible that the difficulty involved in their retention may have caused their omission from the LXX., and it may perhaps be thought possible that, on the capture of Ai, the Bethelites returned with all speed to their city, and that Joshua postponed its capture in consequence of the formidable confederacy (Joshua 9:1, 2), which his success had called into existence, or, perhaps, by a desire to signalise at once the victory at Ai by the ceremony (vers. 30-35) at Gerizim. We read in Joshua 12:16 that Bethel was taken. In Judges 1:22 we read that it was not (see note on Joshua 12:16). 8:3-22 Observe Joshua's conduct and prudence. Those that would maintain their spiritual conflicts must not love their ease. Probably he went into the valley alone, to pray to God for a blessing, and he did not seek in vain. He never drew back till the work was done. Those that have stretched out their hands against their spiritual enemies, must never draw them back.
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Alphabetical: a after Ai and Bethel city did go gone had in Israel left man Not of open or out pursued pursuit remained So the They unguarded was went who

OT History: Joshua 8:17 There was not a man left (Josh. Jos) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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