John 5:27
New International Version
And he has given him authority to judge because he is the Son of Man.

New Living Translation
And he has given him authority to judge everyone because he is the Son of Man.

English Standard Version
And he has given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man.

Berean Study Bible
And He has given Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man.

Berean Literal Bible
And He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man.

New American Standard Bible
and He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man.

King James Bible
And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.

Christian Standard Bible
And he has granted him the right to pass judgment, because he is the Son of Man.

Contemporary English Version
And he has given his Son the right to judge everyone, because he is the Son of Man.

Good News Translation
And he has given the Son the right to judge, because he is the Son of Man.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And He has granted Him the right to pass judgment, because He is the Son of Man.

International Standard Version
and he has given him authority to judge, because he is the Son of Man.

NET Bible
and he has granted the Son authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man.

New Heart English Bible
He also gave him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he has given him authority to also do judgment because he is The Son of Man.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"He has also given the Son authority to pass judgment because he is the Son of Man.

New American Standard 1977
and He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and has also given him power and authority to execute judgment because he is the Son of man.

King James 2000 Bible
And has given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.

American King James Version
And has given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.

American Standard Version
and he gave him authority to execute judgment, because he is a son of man.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he hath given him power to do judgment, because he is the Son of man.

Darby Bible Translation
and has given him authority to execute judgment [also], because he is Son of man.

English Revised Version
and he gave him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of man.

Webster's Bible Translation
And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.

Weymouth New Testament
And He has conferred on Him authority to act as Judge, because He is the Son of Man.

World English Bible
He also gave him authority to execute judgment, because he is a son of man.

Young's Literal Translation
and authority He gave him also to do judgment, because he is Son of Man.
Study Bible
The Father and the Son
26For as the Father has life in Himself, so also He has granted the Son to have life in Himself. 27And He has given Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man. 28Do not be amazed at this, for the hour is coming when all who are in their graves will hear His voice…
Cross References
Matthew 9:6
But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins..." Then He said to the paralytic, "Get up, pick up your mat, and go home."

John 5:22
Furthermore, the Father judges no one, but has assigned all judgment to the Son,

John 9:39
Then Jesus declared, "For judgment I have come into this world, so that the blind may see and those who see may become blind."

Acts 10:42
And He commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that He is the One appointed by God to judge the living and the dead.

Acts 17:31
For He has set a day when He will judge the world with justice by the Man He has appointed. He has given proof of this to all men by raising Him from the dead."

Hebrews 1:2
But in these last days He has spoken to us by His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, and through whom He made the universe.

Treasury of Scripture

And has given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.

hath.

John 5:22
For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:

Psalm 2:6-9
Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion…

Psalm 110:1,2,6
A Psalm of David. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool…

because.

Daniel 7:13,14
I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him…

Philippians 2:7-11
But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: …

Hebrews 2:7-9
Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: …

the Son.

John 7:13
Howbeit no man spake openly of him for fear of the Jews.







Lexicon
And
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

He has given
ἔδωκεν (edōken)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1325: To offer, give; I put, place. A prolonged form of a primary verb; to give.

Him
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

authority
ἐξουσίαν (exousian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1849: From exesti; privilege, i.e. force, capacity, competency, freedom, or mastery, delegated influence.

to execute
ποιεῖν (poiein)
Verb - Present Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

judgment,
κρίσιν (krisin)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2920: Decision; by extension, a tribunal; by implication, justice.

because
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

He is
ἐστίν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

[the] Son
Υἱὸς (Huios)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5207: A son, descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'son', used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship.

of Man.
ἀνθρώπου (anthrōpou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 444: A man, one of the human race. From aner and ops; man-faced, i.e. A human being.
(27) Hath given.--As above, gave. The "also" after judgment should be omitted. In these verses, as before, the two relations of Father--Son, Life--Judgment, are emphatic. Both Life and Judgment can belong to God only, but both are the Father's gift to the Son.

The Son of man.--Render, a son of man. The term differs by the striking omission of articles from the usual term for the Messiah, and occurs again in Revelation 1:13; Revelation 14:14. It is here in contrast to the "Son of God" in John 5:25. The explanation is, once more, to be found in the thought of the Incarnation as an emptying Himself of the attributes which are the glories of the divine nature. It is not because He is Messiah (the Son of Man), but human (a son of man), that the Father gave Him the power to have life in Himself, and the authority to execute judgment. (See Note on John 5:26.) Still His humanity is not here dwelt upon as a qualification for the office of judge, because it is of the same nature as that of those He judges. This thought and the thoughts which flow from it (comp. Acts 17:31) are full of beauty and truth, but the side of truth prominent in this verse, and all those which follow John 5:17, is not His relation to man, but His relation to God. All are a sermon on the text, "My Father worketh hitherto, and I work."

Verses 27-29. -

(2) Second "greater work" - judgment of the world. Verse 27. - And he gave him (i.e. the Son, the God-Man) authority to execute judgment, because he is Son of man. He has vindicated his power to confer life upon the dead by asserting the possession by "the Son" of the Divine Sonship. He now adds, so far as the relation to man is concerned, his fitness and authority to administer justice, to preside over the entire juridical process, to lift the scales, to determine the destiny of the human race. The fitness is seen in this, that he, "the Son," is "the Son of man." The one term, "THE SON," entirely covers the twofold Sonship. The proof of his humanity is assumed to be complete. The fact of it is the ground that he who knows what is in man should be the Judge of men. By personal experience of man's temptations and frailties; by knowing every palliation of our sins, every extenuation of our failures, every aggravation of our weakness; by gazing through human eyes with human consciousness upon our mysterious destiny, he is competent to judge; whereas by being Son of God as well as Son of man, he is entrusted with power to execute the judgment of the Eternal. The principle involved is based upon perfect justice. The honour thus conferred on the God-Man is infinite, the consolation thus held out to man unspeakable. We are being judged by Christ, not by impersonal law. The entire incidence upon every individual of the Law is in the hands of the Redeemer. The Saviour, the Life-giver, the Voice which quickens the dead, assigns the judgment. We must be careful, in any inference we draw from this grand utterance, to avoid all suspicion of schism or rivalry between the Father and the Son. The Son is not more merciful than the Father. For the Father of the Old Testament pitieth his children, and knoweth their frame (Psalm 103:13, 14), and the Father of Jesus Christ loves the world, and counts the very hairs of our heads. The Son will not exercise this judgment with less regard to the claims of eternal justice than the Father; but his knowledge of humanity is, by the nature of the case, a guarantee of such application of the justice of God to the case of every individual, that man's knowledge of himself will be able personally to justify and verify it. The Divine judgment will go forth from the heart of man himself. 5:24-29 Our Lord declared his authority and character, as the Messiah. The time was come when the dead should hear his voice, as the Son of God, and live. Our Lord first refers to his raising those who were dead in sin, to newness of life, by the power of the Spirit, and then to his raising the dead in their graves. The office of Judge of all men, can only be exercised by one who has all knowledge, and almighty power. May we believe His testimony; thus our faith and hope will be in God, and we shall not come into condemnation. And may His voice reach the hearts of those dead in sin; that they may do works meet for repentance, and prepare for the solemn day.
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