James 3:12
New International Version
My brothers and sisters, can a fig tree bear olives, or a grapevine bear figs? Neither can a salt spring produce fresh water.

New Living Translation
Does a fig tree produce olives, or a grapevine produce figs? No, and you can't draw fresh water from a salty spring.

English Standard Version
Can a fig tree, my brothers, bear olives, or a grapevine produce figs? Neither can a salt pond yield fresh water.

Berean Study Bible
My brothers, can a fig tree grow olives, or a grapevine bear figs? Neither can a salt spring produce fresh water.

Berean Literal Bible
Is a fig tree able, my brothers, to produce olives? Or a vine, figs? Neither is a salt spring able to produce fresh water.

New American Standard Bible
Can a fig tree, my brethren, produce olives, or a vine produce figs? Nor can salt water produce fresh.

King James Bible
Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.

Christian Standard Bible
Can a fig tree produce olives, my brothers and sisters, or a grapevine produce figs? Neither can a saltwater spring yield fresh water.

Contemporary English Version
Can a fig tree produce olives or a grapevine produce figs? Does fresh water come from a well full of salt water?

Good News Translation
A fig tree, my friends, cannot bear olives; a grapevine cannot bear figs, nor can a salty spring produce sweet water.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Can a fig tree produce olives, my brothers, or a grapevine produce figs? Neither can a saltwater spring yield fresh water.

International Standard Version
My brothers, a fig tree cannot produce olives, nor a grapevine figs, can it? Neither can a salt spring produce fresh water.

NET Bible
Can a fig tree produce olives, my brothers and sisters, or a vine produce figs? Neither can a salt water spring produce fresh water.

New Heart English Bible
Can a fig tree, my brothers, yield olives, or a vine figs? Nor is salt water able to produce sweet.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Or can a fig tree, my brethren, produce olives, or a vine, figs? So neither can salt water be made sweet.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
My brothers and sisters, can a fig tree produce olives? Can a grapevine produce figs? In the same way, a pool of salt water can't produce fresh water.

New American Standard 1977
Can a fig tree, my brethren, produce olives, or a vine produce figs? Neither can salt water produce fresh.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Can the fig tree, my brethren, produce olive berries? or the vine, figs? In the same manner no fountain can yield both salt water and fresh.

King James 2000 Bible
Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.

American King James Version
Can the fig tree, my brothers, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.

American Standard Version
Can a fig tree, my brethren, yield olives, or a vine figs? Neither can'salt water yield sweet.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear grapes; or the vine, figs? So neither can the salt water yield sweet.

Darby Bible Translation
Can, my brethren, a fig produce olives, or a vine figs? Neither [can] salt [water] make sweet water.

English Revised Version
Can a fig tree, my brethren, yield olives, or a vine figs? neither can salt water yield sweet.

Webster's Bible Translation
Can the fig-tree, my brethren, bear olive-berries? or a vine, figs? so no fountain can yield both salt water and fresh.

Weymouth New Testament
Can a fig-tree, my brethren, yield olives, or a vine yield figs? No; and neither can salt water yield sweet.

World English Bible
Can a fig tree, my brothers, yield olives, or a vine figs? Thus no spring yields both salt water and fresh water.

Young's Literal Translation
is a fig-tree able, my brethren, olives to make? or a vine figs? so no fountain salt and sweet water is able to make.
Study Bible
Taming the Tongue
11Can both fresh water and bitter water flow from the same spring? 12My brothers, can a fig tree grow olives, or a grapevine bear figs? Neither can a salt spring produce fresh water. 13Who is wise and understanding among you? Let him show it by his good conduct, by deeds done in the humility that comes from wisdom.…
Cross References
Matthew 7:16
By their fruit you will recognize them. Are grapes gathered from thornbushes, or figs from thistles?

Matthew 7:20
So then, by their fruit you will recognize them.

Matthew 21:19
Seeing a fig tree along the road, He went up to it but found nothing on it except leaves. "May you never bear fruit again!" He said. And immediately the tree withered.

James 3:11
Can both fresh water and bitter water flow from the same spring?

Treasury of Scripture

Can the fig tree, my brothers, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.

the fig tree.

Isaiah 5:2-4
And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes…

Jeremiah 2:21
Yet I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art thou turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto me?

Matthew 7:16-20
Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? …

so.

Exodus 15:23-25
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah…

2 Kings 2:19-22
And the men of the city said unto Elisha, Behold, I pray thee, the situation of this city is pleasant, as my lord seeth: but the water is naught, and the ground barren…

Ezekiel 47:8-11
Then said he unto me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, and go into the sea: which being brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed…







Lexicon
My
μου (mou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

brothers,
ἀδελφοί (adelphoi)
Noun - Vocative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 80: A brother, member of the same religious community, especially a fellow-Christian. A brother near or remote.

can
δύναται (dynatai)
Verb - Present Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1410: (a) I am powerful, have (the) power, (b) I am able, I can. Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.

a fig tree
συκῆ (sykē)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4808: A fig-tree. From sukon; a fig-tree.

grow
ποιῆσαι (poiēsai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

olives,
ἐλαίας (elaias)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1636: An olive tree; the Mount of Olives. Feminine of a presumed derivative from an obsolete primary; an olive.

or
(ē)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2228: Or, than. A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.

a grapevine
ἄμπελος (ampelos)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 288: A vine, grape-vine. Probably from the base of amphoteros and that of halon; a vine.

[bear] figs?
σῦκα (syka)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4810: A (ripe) fig. Apparently a primary word; a fig.

Neither [can]
οὔτε (oute)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3777: And not, neither, nor. From ou and te; not too, i.e. Neither or nor; by analogy, not even.

a salt [spring]
ἁλυκὸν (halykon)
Adjective - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 252: Salty, saltine, bitter. From hals; briny.

produce
ποιῆσαι (poiēsai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

fresh
γλυκὺ (glyky)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 1099: Sweet. Of uncertain affinity; sweet.

water.
ὕδωρ (hydōr)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5204: Water. And genitive case, hudatos, etc. From the base of huetos; water literally or figuratively.
(12) Can the fig-tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs?--Read, Can a fig-tree bear olives, or a vine, figs? The inquiry sounds like a memory of our Lord's, "Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?" (Matthew 7:16.)

So can no fountain . . .--This, the last clause of the sentence above in the Authorised version is very confused in the original, but seems to be merely this, Neither can salt (water) bring forth fresh; or, as Wordsworth renders it, Nor can water that is salt produce what is sweet. And such in effect is Alford's comment: "If the mouth emit cursing, thereby making itself a brackish spring, it cannot to any purpose also emit the sweet stream of praise and good words; if it appear to do so, all must be hypocrisy and mere seeming." Every blessing is, in fact, tainted by the tongue which has uttered curses; and even "Praise is not seemly in the mouth of a sinner" (Ecclesiasticus 15:9).

3:1-12 We are taught to dread an unruly tongue, as one of the greatest evils. The affairs of mankind are thrown into confusion by the tongues of men. Every age of the world, and every condition of life, private or public, affords examples of this. Hell has more to do in promoting the fire of the tongue than men generally think; and whenever men's tongues are employed in sinful ways, they are set on fire of hell. No man can tame the tongue without Divine grace and assistance. The apostle does not represent it as impossible, but as extremely difficult. Other sins decay with age, this many times gets worse; we grow more froward and fretful, as natural strength decays, and the days come on in which we have no pleasure. When other sins are tamed and subdued by the infirmities of age, the spirit often grows more tart, nature being drawn down to the dregs, and the words used become more passionate. That man's tongue confutes itself, which at one time pretends to adore the perfections of God, and to refer all things to him; and at another time condemns even good men, if they do not use the same words and expressions. True religion will not admit of contradictions: how many sins would be prevented, if men would always be consistent! Pious and edifying language is the genuine produce of a sanctified heart; and none who understand Christianity, expect to hear curses, lies, boastings, and revilings from a true believer's mouth, any more than they look for the fruit of one tree from another. But facts prove that more professors succeed in bridling their senses and appetites, than in duly restraining their tongues. Then, depending on Divine grace, let us take heed to bless and curse not; and let us aim to be consistent in our words and actions.
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