Genesis 14:3
New International Version
All these latter kings joined forces in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Dead Sea Valley).

New Living Translation
This second group of kings joined forces in Siddim Valley (that is, the valley of the Dead Sea).

English Standard Version
And all these joined forces in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

Berean Study Bible
The latter five came as allies to the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

King James Bible
All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

New King James Version
All these joined together in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

New American Standard Bible
All these kings came as allies to the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

NASB 1995
All these came as allies to the valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

NASB 1977
All these came as allies to the valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

Amplified Bible
All of these [kings] joined together [as allies] in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Sea of Salt).

Christian Standard Bible
All of these came as allies to the Siddim Valley (that is, the Dead Sea ).

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All of these came as allies to the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Dead Sea).

American Standard Version
All these joined together in the vale of Siddim (the same is the Salt Sea).

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
All of these were gathered to the valley Sedumia, that is the Sea of Salt.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
All these met with one consent at the salt valley; this is now the sea of salt.

Douay-Rheims Bible
All these came together into the woodland vale, which now is the salt sea.

English Revised Version
All these joined together in the vale of Siddim (the same is the Salt Sea).

Good News Translation
These five kings had formed an alliance and joined forces in Siddim Valley, which is now the Dead Sea.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The five kings joined forces and met in the valley of Siddim (that is, the Dead Sea).

International Standard Version
All of this latter group of kings allied together in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea ).

JPS Tanakh 1917
All these came as allies unto the vale of Siddim--the same is the Salt Sea.

Literal Standard Version
All these have been joined together to the Valley of Siddim, which [is] the Salt Sea;

NET Bible
These last five kings joined forces in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

New Heart English Bible
All these joined together in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

World English Bible
All these joined together in the valley of Siddim (the same is the Salt Sea).

Young's Literal Translation
All these have been joined together unto the valley of Siddim, which is the Salt Sea;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The War of the Kings
2went to war against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 3The latter five came as allies to the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea). 4For twelve years they had been subject to Chedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled.…

Cross References
Genesis 10:19
and the borders of Canaan extended from Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza, and then toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.

Genesis 14:4
For twelve years they had been subject to Chedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

Genesis 14:8
Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) marched out and arrayed themselves for battle in the Valley of Siddim

Genesis 14:10
Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits, and as the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some men fell into the pits, but the survivors fled to the hill country.

Numbers 34:12
Then the border will go down along the Jordan and end at the Salt Sea. This will be your land, defined by its borders on all sides."

Deuteronomy 3:17
The Jordan River in the Arabah bordered it from Chinnereth to the Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea) with the slopes of Pisgah to the east.

Joshua 3:16
the flowing water stood still. It backed up as far upstream as Adam, a city in the area of Zarethan, while the water flowing toward the Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea) was completely cut off. So the people crossed over opposite Jericho.


Treasury of Scripture

All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

salt sea.

Genesis 19:24
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

Numbers 34:12
And the border shall go down to Jordan, and the goings out of it shall be at the salt sea: this shall be your land with the coasts thereof round about.

Deuteronomy 3:17
The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast thereof, from Chinnereth even unto the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, under Ashdothpisgah eastward.









(3) All these were joined together.--Were united in a confederacy, and so formed a pentapolis, or group of five allied towns, like the Philistine league with its five lords (1Samuel 6:16-18).

The vale of Siddim.--Mr. Conder (Tent-work, ii. 16) says that the name Sidd is still given by the Arabs to the cliffs or banks of marl which run along the southern edge of the plain of Jericho; and with this agrees Aben-Ezra's explanation, who derives the word from the Hebrew sid, chalk. Mr. Conder searched throughout the Ciccar for traces of the ruined cities, but in vain; and "the gradual rise of the level of the plain, caused by the constant washing down of the soft marl from the western hills, would effectually," he thinks, "cover over any such ruins." He found, however, copious springs of water upon the north-western side of the lake, and considers that the five cities were in their neighbourhood.

Which is the salt sea.--From these words commentators have rashly concluded that the vale of Sodom was swallowed up by the Dead Sea; but not only is no such convulsion of nature mentioned in Genesis 19, but Abram is described as seeing the Ciccar-land not submerged, but smoking like a furnace (Genesis 19:28). Probably "the vale of Siddim" was the name of the whole district in which these sidds, or bluffs, are situated, and which extend round all the northern shores of the lake. Mr. Conder, after tracing the lines of former beaches, which show that the Dead Sea has long been shrinking in extent, tells us (Tent-work, ii. 43) that geologists hold that it had reached its present condition long before the days of Abram. It still, indeed, covered a much larger space, for the rains at that time were far more copious in Palestine than at present; but it no longer extended over the whole Arabah, as, by the evidence of these beaches, was once the case.

(3) The Horites.--Cave-men, the aboriginal inhabitants of Mount Seir, subsequently conquered by the Edomites (Deuteronomy 2:12; Deuteronomy 2:22). The miserable condition of these earth-men is described in Job 30:3-8. . . .

Verse 3. - All these - the last-named princes - were joined together - i.e. as confederates (so. and came with their forces) - in (literally, to) the vale of Siddim. The salt valley (LXX.); a wooded vale (Vulgate); a plain filled with rocky hollows (Gesenius), with which Ver. 10 agrees; the valley of plains or fields (Onkelos, Raschi, Keil, Murphy). Which is the salt sea. i.e. where the salt sea afterwards arose, on the destruction of the cities of the plain - Genesis 19:24, 25 (Keil, Havernick; cf. Josephus, ' Bell. Jud.,' 4:08, 4); but the text scarcely implies that the cities were submerged-only the valley (cf. Quarry, p. 207). The extreme depression of the Dead Sea, being 1300 feet below the level of the Mediterranean ("the most depressed sheet of water in the world:" Stanley's 'Sinai and Palestine,' Genesis 7.), conjoined with its excessive saltness (containing 26.25 per cent of saline particles), renders it one of the most remarkable of inland lakes. Its shores are clothed with loom and desolation. Within a mile from northern embouchure the verdure of the rich Jordan valley dies away. Strewn along its desolate margin lie broken canes and willow branches, with trunks of palms, poplars, and other trees, half embedded in slimy mud, and all covered with incrustations of salt. At its south-western corner stands the mountain of rock salt, with its columnar fragments, which Josephus says, in his day was regarded as the pillar of Lot s wife.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The latter
אֵ֙לֶּה֙ (’êl·leh)
Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

[five]
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

came as allies
חָֽבְר֔וּ (ḥā·ḇə·rū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 2266: To unite, be joined, to tie a magic knot or spell, to charm

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

the Valley
עֵ֖מֶק (‘ê·meq)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6010: A vale

of Siddim
הַשִּׂדִּ֑ים (haś·śid·dîm)
Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 7708: Siddim -- a valley near the Dead Sea

(that is,
ה֖וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

the Salt
הַמֶּֽלַח׃ (ham·me·laḥ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4417: Powder, salt

Sea).
יָ֥ם (yām)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3220: A sea, the Mediterranean Sea, large river, an artifical basin


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