Isaiah 40:4
New International Version
Every valley shall be raised up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground shall become level, the rugged places a plain.

New Living Translation
Fill in the valleys, and level the mountains and hills. Straighten the curves, and smooth out the rough places.

English Standard Version
Every valley shall be lifted up, and every mountain and hill be made low; the uneven ground shall become level, and the rough places a plain.

Berean Study Bible
Every valley shall be lifted up, and every mountain and hill made low; the uneven ground will become smooth, and the rugged land a plain.

New American Standard Bible
"Let every valley be lifted up, And every mountain and hill be made low; And let the rough ground become a plain, And the rugged terrain a broad valley;

New King James Version
Every valley shall be exalted And every mountain and hill brought low; The crooked places shall be made straight And the rough places smooth;

King James Bible
Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:

Christian Standard Bible
Every valley will be lifted up, and every mountain and hill will be leveled; the uneven ground will become smooth and the rough places, a plain.

Contemporary English Version
Fill in the valleys; flatten every hill and mountain. Level the rough and rugged ground.

Good News Translation
Fill every valley; level every mountain. The hills will become a plain, and the rough country will be made smooth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Every valley will be lifted up, and every mountain and hill will be leveled; the uneven ground will become smooth and the rough places, a plain.

International Standard Version
Every valley will be lifted up, and every mountain and hill will be lowered; the rough ground will become level, and the mountain ridges made a plain.

NET Bible
Every valley must be elevated, and every mountain and hill leveled. The rough terrain will become a level plain, the rugged landscape a wide valley.

New Heart English Bible
Every valley will be filled, and every mountain and hill will be made low, and the uneven will be made level, and the rough places a plain.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Every valley will be raised. Every mountain and hill will be lowered. Steep places will be made level. Rough places will be made smooth.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Every valley shall be lifted up, And every mountain and hill shall be made low; And the rugged shall be made level, And the rough places a plain;

New American Standard 1977
“Let every valley be lifted up, And every mountain and hill be made low; And let the rough ground become a plain, And the rugged terrain a broad valley;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places made plain:

King James 2000 Bible
Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places smooth:

American King James Version
Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:

American Standard Version
Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low; and the uneven shall be made level, and the rough places a plain:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low: and all the crooked ways shall become straight, and the rough places plains.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low, and the crooked shall become straight, and the rough ways plain.

Darby Bible Translation
Every valley shall be raised up, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places a plain.

English Revised Version
Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:

Webster's Bible Translation
Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain.

World English Bible
Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low. The uneven shall be made level, and the rough places a plain.

Young's Literal Translation
Every valley is raised up, And every mountain and hill become low, And the crooked place hath become a plain, And the entangled places a valley.
Study Bible
Prepare the Way for the LORD
3A voice of one calling: “Prepare the way for the LORD in the wilderness; make a straight highway for our God in the desert. 4Every valley shall be lifted up, and every mountain and hill made low; the uneven ground will become smooth, and the rugged land a plain. 5And the glory of the LORD will be revealed, and all humanity together will see it. For the mouth of the LORD has spoken.”…
Cross References
Luke 3:5
Every valley shall be filled in, and every mountain and hill made low. The crooked ways shall be made straight, and the rough ways smooth.

Isaiah 2:14
against all the tall mountains, against all the high hills,

Isaiah 40:3
A voice of one calling: "Prepare the way for the LORD in the wilderness; make a straight highway for our God in the desert.

Isaiah 40:5
And the glory of the LORD will be revealed, and all mankind together will see it. For the mouth of the LORD has spoken."

Isaiah 42:16
I will lead the blind by a way they did not know; I will guide them on unfamiliar paths. I will turn darkness into light before them and rough places into level ground. These things I will do for them, and I will not forsake them.

Isaiah 45:2
"I will go before you and level the mountains; I will break down the gates of bronze and cut through the bars of iron.

Isaiah 49:11
I will turn all My mountains into roads, and My highways will be raised up.

Zechariah 4:7
What are you, O great mountain? Before Zerubbabel you will become a plain. Then he will bring forth the capstone accompanied by shouts of 'Grace, grace to it!'"

Treasury of Scripture

Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:

valley

Isaiah 42:11,15,16
Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar doth inhabit: let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout from the top of the mountains…

1 Samuel 2:8
He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the LORD'S, and he hath set the world upon them.

Psalm 113:7,8
He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth the needy out of the dunghill; …

every mountain

Isaiah 2:12-15
For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; and he shall be brought low: …

Job 40:11-13
Cast abroad the rage of thy wrath: and behold every one that is proud, and abase him…

and the

Isaiah 42:16
And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not; I will lead them in paths that they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.

Isaiah 45:2
I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron:

Proverbs 2:15
Whose ways are crooked, and they froward in their paths:

straight.







Lexicon
Every
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

valley
גֶּיא֙ (ge)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1516: A valley

shall be lifted up,
יִנָּשֵׂ֔א (yin·nā·śê)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5375: To lift, carry, take

and every
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

mountain
הַ֥ר (har)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2022: Mountain, hill, hill country

and hill
וְגִבְעָ֖ה (wə·ḡiḇ·‘āh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1389: A hillock

made low;
יִשְׁפָּ֑לוּ (yiš·pā·lū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8213: To be or become low, to be abased

the uneven
הֶֽעָקֹב֙ (he·‘ā·qōḇ)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6121: Insidious, deceitful, tracked by footprints

ground will become
וְהָיָ֤ה (wə·hā·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

smooth,
לְמִישׁ֔וֹר (lə·mî·šō·wr)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4334: A level, a plain, as a, straightness, justice

and the rugged land
וְהָרְכָסִ֖ים (wə·hā·rə·ḵā·sîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7406: Perhaps roughness

a plain.
לְבִקְעָֽה׃ (lə·ḇiq·‘āh)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1237: A split, a wide level valley between mountains
(4) Every valley shall be exalted.--The figure is drawn from the titanic engineering operations of the kingly road-makers of the East, but the parable is hardly veiled. The meek exalted, the proud brought low, wrong ways set right, rough natures smoothed: that is the true preparation for the coming of the Lord, and therefore the true work of every follower of the Baptist in preparing the way. (Comp. Matthew 3:5-7; Luke 3:3-9.)

Verse 4. - Every valley shall be exalted, etc.; rather, let every valley be exalted. The prophets are to see that the poor and lowly are raised up; the proud and self-righteous depressed; the crooked and dishonest induced to change their ways for those of simplicity and integrity; the rude, rough, and harsh rendered courteous and mild. "In general, the meaning is that Israel is to [be made] take care that the God who is coming to deliver it shall find it in such an inward and outward state as befits his... purpose" (Delitzsch, 'Comment. on Isaiah,' vol. 2. p. 142). 40:1-11 All human life is a warfare; the Christian life is the most so; but the struggle will not last always. Troubles are removed in love, when sin is pardoned. In the great atonement of the death of Christ, the mercy of God is exercised to the glory of his justice. In Christ, and his sufferings, true penitents receive of the Lord's hand double for all their sins; for the satisfaction Christ made by his death was of infinite value. The prophet had some reference to the return of the Jews from Babylon. But this is a small event, compared with that pointed out by the Holy Ghost in the New Testament, when John the Baptist proclaimed the approach of Christ. When eastern princes marched through desert countries, ways were prepared for them, and hinderances removed. And may the Lord prepare our hearts by the teaching of his word and the convictions of his Spirit, that high and proud thoughts may be brought down, good desires planted, crooked and rugged tempers made straight and softened, and every hinderance removed, that we may be ready for his will on earth, and prepared for his heavenly kingdom. What are all that belongs to fallen man, or all that he does, but as the grass and the flower thereof! And what will all the titles and possessions of a dying sinner avail, when they leave him under condemnation! The word of the Lord can do that for us, which all flesh cannot. The glad tidings of the coming of Christ were to be sent forth to the ends of the earth. Satan is the strong man armed; but our Lord Jesus is stronger; and he shall proceed, and do all that he purposes. Christ is the good Shepherd; he shows tender care for young converts, weak believers, and those of a sorrowful spirit. By his word he requires no more service, and by his providence he inflicts no more trouble, than he will strengthen them for. May we know our Shepherd's voice, and follow him, proving ourselves his sheep.
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