Exodus 28:43
New International Version
Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the tent of meeting or approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they will not incur guilt and die. "This is to be a lasting ordinance for Aaron and his descendants.

New Living Translation
These must be worn whenever Aaron and his sons enter the Tabernacle or approach the altar in the Holy Place to perform their priestly duties. Then they will not incur guilt and die. This is a permanent law for Aaron and all his descendants after him.

English Standard Version
and they shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they go into the tent of meeting or when they come near the altar to minister in the Holy Place, lest they bear guilt and die. This shall be a statute forever for him and for his offspring after him.

Berean Study Bible
Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the tent of meeting or approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they will not incur guilt and die. This is to be a permanent statute for Aaron and his descendants.

New American Standard Bible
"They shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they enter the tent of meeting, or when they approach the altar to minister in the holy place, so that they do not incur guilt and die. It shall be a statute forever to him and to his descendants after him.

King James Bible
And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they come in unto the tabernacle of the congregation, or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute for ever unto him and his seed after him.

Christian Standard Bible
These must be worn by Aaron and his sons whenever they enter the tent of meeting or approach the altar to minister in the sanctuary area, so that they do not incur guilt and die. This is to be a permanent statute for Aaron and for his future descendants.

Contemporary English Version
Whenever they enter the sacred tent or serve at the altar or enter the holy place, they must wear these shorts, or else they will be guilty and die. This same rule applies to any of their descendants who serve as priests.

Good News Translation
Aaron and his sons must always wear them when they go into the Tent of my presence or approach the altar to serve as priests in the Holy Place, so that they will not be killed for exposing themselves. This is a permanent rule for Aaron and his descendants.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These must be worn by Aaron and his sons whenever they enter the tent of meeting or approach the altar to minister in the sanctuary area, so that they do not incur guilt and die. This is to be a permanent statute for Aaron and for his future descendants."

International Standard Version
They shall be on Aaron and his sons when they enter the Tent of Meeting or when they approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place so they don't incur guilt and die. This is to be a perpetual ordinance for him and for his descendants after him."

NET Bible
These must be on Aaron and his sons when they enter to the tent of meeting, or when they approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they bear no iniquity and die. It is to be a perpetual ordinance for him and for his descendants after him.

New Heart English Bible
They shall be on Aaron, and on his sons, when they go in to the Tent of Meeting, or when they come near to the altar to minister in the holy place; that they do not bear iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute forever to him and to his descendants after him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Aaron and his sons must wear them when they go into the tent of meeting or when they come near the altar to serve as priests in the holy place. Then they will be blameless and won't die. "This is a permanent law for him and his descendants."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they go in unto the tent of meeting, or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die; it shall be a statute for ever unto him and unto his seed after him.

New American Standard 1977
“And they shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they enter the tent of meeting, or when they approach the altar to minister in the holy place, so that they do not incur guilt and die. It shall be a statute forever to him and to his descendants after him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they shall be upon Aaron and upon his sons when they enter into the tabernacle of the testimony or when they come near unto the altar to serve in the sanctuary that they not bear iniquity and die: This shall be a perpetual statute unto him and his seed after him.

King James 2000 Bible
And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they come in unto the tabernacle of meeting, or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute forever unto him and his descendants after him.

American King James Version
And they shall be on Aaron, and on his sons, when they come in to the tabernacle of the congregation, or when they come near to the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute for ever to him and his seed after him.

American Standard Version
And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they go in unto the tent of meeting, or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute for ever unto him and unto his seed after him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Aaron and his sons shall use them when they shall go in to the tabernacle of the testimony, or when they approach the altar to minister in the sanctuary, lest being guilty of iniquity they die. It shall be a law for ever to Aaron, and to his seed after him.

Darby Bible Translation
And they shall be upon Aaron and his sons when they enter into the tent of meeting, or when they come near to the altar to serve in the sanctuary; that they may not bear iniquity and die -- an everlasting statute for him and his seed after him.

English Revised Version
and they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they go in unto the tent of meeting, or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute for ever unto him and unto his seed after him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they enter in to the tabernacle of the congregation, or when they come near to the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die. It shall be a statute for ever to him, and to his seed after him.

World English Bible
They shall be on Aaron, and on his sons, when they go in to the Tent of Meeting, or when they come near to the altar to minister in the holy place; that they don't bear iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute forever to him and to his descendants after him.

Young's Literal Translation
and they have been on Aaron and on his sons, in their going in unto the tent of meeting, or in their drawing nigh unto the altar to minister in the sanctuary, and they do not bear iniquity nor have they died; a statute age-during to him, and to his seed after him.
Study Bible
Additional Priestly Garments
42Make linen undergarments to cover their bare flesh, extending from waist to thigh. 43Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the tent of meeting or approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they will not incur guilt and die. This is to be a permanent statute for Aaron and his descendants.
Cross References
Exodus 20:26
And you must not go up to My altar on steps, lest your nakedness be exposed on it.'

Exodus 27:21
In the Tent of Meeting, outside the veil that is in front of the Testimony, Aaron and his sons are to tend the lamps before the LORD from evening until morning. This is to be a perpetual statute for the Israelites throughout their generations.

Exodus 30:21
Thus they are to wash their hands and feet so that they will not die; this shall be a permanent statute for Aaron and his descendants for the generations to come."

Leviticus 16:13
He is to put the incense on the fire before the LORD, and the cloud of incense will cover the mercy seat above the testimony, so that he will not die.

Leviticus 22:9
The priests must keep My charge, lest they bear the guilt and die because they profane it. I am the LORD who sanctifies them.

Ezekiel 44:17
When they enter the gates of the inner court, they are to wear linen garments; they must not wear anything made of wool when they minister at the gates of the inner court or inside the temple.

Treasury of Scripture

And they shall be on Aaron, and on his sons, when they come in to the tabernacle of the congregation, or when they come near to the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute for ever to him and his seed after him.

unto the altar

Exodus 20:26 Neither shall you go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness …

bear not iniquity

Leviticus 5:1,17 And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, …

Leviticus 20:19,20 And you shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother's sister, …

Leviticus 22:9 They shall therefore keep my ordinance, lest they bear sin for it, …

Numbers 9:13 But the man that is clean, and is not in a journey, and declines …

Numbers 18:22 Neither must the children of Israel from now on come near the tabernacle …

Matthew 22:12,13 And he said to him, Friend, how came you in here not having a wedding …

a statute

Exodus 27:21 In the tabernacle of the congregation without the veil, which is …

Leviticus 17:7 And they shall no more offer their sacrifices to devils, after whom …







Lexicon
Aaron
אַהֲרֹ֨ן (’a·hă·rōn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 175: Aaron -- an elder brother of Moses

and his sons
בָּנָ֜יו (bā·nāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

must wear them
וְהָיוּ֩ (wə·hā·yū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

whenever they enter
בְּבֹאָ֣ם ׀ (bə·ḇō·’ām)
Preposition-b | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

the tent
אֹ֣הֶל (’ō·hel)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 168: A tent

of meeting
מוֹעֵ֗ד (mō·w·‘êḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4150: Appointed time, place, or meeting

or
א֣וֹ (’ōw)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 176: Desire, if

approach
בְגִשְׁתָּ֤ם (ḇə·ḡiš·tām)
Preposition-b | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5066: To draw near, approach

the altar
הַמִּזְבֵּ֙חַ֙ (ham·miz·bê·aḥ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4196: An altar

to minister
לְשָׁרֵ֣ת (lə·šā·rêṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 8334: To attend as a, menial, worshipper, to contribute to

in the Holy [Place],
בַּקֹּ֔דֶשׁ (baq·qō·ḏeš)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity

so that they will not
וְלֹא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

incur
יִשְׂא֥וּ (yiś·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5375: To lift, carry, take

guilt
עָוֺ֖ן (‘ā·wōn)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5771: Iniquity, guilt, punishment for iniquity

and die.
וָמֵ֑תוּ (wā·mê·ṯū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill

This is to be a permanent
עוֹלָ֛ם (‘ō·w·lām)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5769: Concealed, eternity, frequentatively, always

statute
חֻקַּ֥ת (ḥuq·qaṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2708: Something prescribed, an enactment, statute

for Aaron
אַחֲרָֽיו׃ (’a·ḥă·rāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 310: The hind or following part

and his descendants.
וּלְזַרְע֥וֹ (ū·lə·zar·‘ōw)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2233: Seed, fruit, plant, sowing-time, posterity
(43) The tabernacle of the congregation.--Heb., the tent of meeting.

The holy place seems to be here the court of the tabernacle, within which the altar was to be set up (Exodus 40:6; Exodus 40:29).

That they bear not iniquity, and die.--The death penalty is threatened against the sin of ministering without the garments needed for decency, as against the sin of neglecting to wear the robe of the ephod (Exodus 28:35). In both cases a Divine vengeance, rather than a legal punishment, is probably intended.

Verse 43. - When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation. Literally," when they go into the tent of meeting - i.e., the place where God and the high priest were to meet. The holy place. The "holy place" seems in this passage to include the court of the tabernacle, wherein the altar was situated. That they bear not iniquity. To "bear iniquity" is to incur guilt, or have sin imputed to one. If even through forgetfulness a priest entered the sanctuary without this necessary article of clothing, and so risked an unseemly, exposure of his person, he was to be accounted guilty, and punished by death. This was to be a "statute for ever," and to apply both to the high priest and the ordinary priests. Compare Exodus 20:26.



28:40-43 The priest's garments typify the righteousness of Christ. If we appear not before God in that, we shall bear our iniquity, and die. Blessed is he, therefore, that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, Re 16:15. And blessed be God that we have a High Priest, appointed of God, and set apart for his work; furnished for his high office by the glory of his Divine majesty, and the beauty of perfect holiness. Happy are we, if by the law spiritually understood, we see that such a High Priest became us; that we cannot draw near to a holy God, or be accepted, but by him. There is no light, no wisdom, no perfection, but from him; no glory, no beauty, but in being like unto him. Let us take encouragement from the power, love, and compassion of our High Priest, to draw near with boldness to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
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