Ecclesiastes 1:14
New International Version
I have seen all the things that are done under the sun; all of them are meaningless, a chasing after the wind.

New Living Translation
I observed everything going on under the sun, and really, it is all meaningless--like chasing the wind.

English Standard Version
I have seen everything that is done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity and a striving after wind.

Berean Study Bible
I have seen all the things that are done under the sun, and have found them all to be futile, a pursuit of the wind.

New American Standard Bible
I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity and striving after wind.

King James Bible
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.

Christian Standard Bible
I have seen all the things that are done under the sun and have found everything to be futile, a pursuit of the wind.

Contemporary English Version
I have seen it all, and everything is just as senseless as chasing the wind.

Good News Translation
I have seen everything done in this world, and I tell you, it is all useless. It is like chasing the wind.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I have seen all the things that are done under the sun and have found everything to be futile, a pursuit of the wind.

International Standard Version
I observed every activity done on earth. My conclusion: all of it is pointless—like chasing after the wind.

NET Bible
I reflected on everything that is accomplished by man on earth, and I concluded: Everything he has accomplished is futile--like chasing the wind!

New Heart English Bible
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and look, all is vanity and a chasing after wind.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I have seen everything that is done under the sun. Look at it! It's all pointless. [It's like] trying to catch the wind.

JPS Tanakh 1917
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and a striving after wind.

New American Standard 1977
I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity and striving after wind.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.

King James 2000 Bible
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and like grasping the wind.

American King James Version
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.

American Standard Version
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and a striving after wind.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
I beheld all the works that were wrought under the sun; and, beheld, all were vanity and waywardness of spirit.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I have seen all things that are done under the sun, and behold all is vanity, and vexation of spirit.

Darby Bible Translation
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity and pursuit of the wind.

English Revised Version
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and a striving after wind.

Webster's Bible Translation
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.

World English Bible
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and behold, all is vanity and a chasing after wind.

Young's Literal Translation
I have seen all the works that have been done under the sun, and lo, the whole is vanity and vexation of spirit!
Study Bible
With Wisdom Comes Sorrow
13And I set my mind to seek and explore by wisdom all that is done under heaven. What a heavy burden God has laid on the sons of men, to keep them occupied! 14I have seen all the things that are done under the sun, and have found them all to be futile, a pursuit of the wind. 15What is crooked cannot be straightened, and what is lacking cannot be counted.…
Cross References
Ecclesiastes 1:17
So I set my mind to know wisdom and madness and folly; I learned that this, too, is a pursuit of the wind.

Ecclesiastes 2:11
Yet when I considered all the works that my hands had accomplished and what I had toiled to achieve, I found everything to be futile, a pursuit of the wind; there was nothing to be gained under the sun.

Ecclesiastes 2:17
So I hated life, because the work that is done under the sun was grievous to me. For everything is futile and a pursuit of the wind.

Ecclesiastes 2:26
To the man who is pleasing in His sight, He gives wisdom and knowledge and joy, but to the sinner He assigns the task of gathering and accumulating that which he will hand over to one who pleases God. This too is futile and a pursuit of the wind.

Ecclesiastes 4:4
I saw that all labor and success spring from a man's envy of his neighbor. This too is futile and a pursuit of the wind.

Ecclesiastes 4:16
There is no limit to all the people who were before them, yet those who come later will not rejoice in the successor. This too is futile and a pursuit of the wind.

Ecclesiastes 6:9
Better what the eye can see than the wandering of desire. This too is futile and a pursuit of the wind.

Ecclesiastes 8:16
When I applied my mind to know wisdom and to observe the activity that one does on the earth--though his eyes do not see sleep day or night--

Treasury of Scripture

I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.

Ecclesiastes 1:17,18
And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit…

Ecclesiastes 2:11,17,26
Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do: and, behold, all was vanity and vexation of spirit, and there was no profit under the sun…

1 Kings 4:30-32
And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt…







Lexicon
I have seen
רָאִ֙יתִי֙ (rā·’î·ṯî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the things
הַֽמַּעֲשִׂ֔ים (ham·ma·‘ă·śîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4639: An action, a transaction, activity, a product, property

that are done
שֶֽׁנַּעֲשׂ֖וּ (šen·na·‘ă·śū)
Pronoun - relative | Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

under
תַּ֣חַת (ta·ḥaṯ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

the sun,
הַשָּׁ֑מֶשׁ (haš·šā·meš)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8121: The sun, the east, a ray, a notched battlement

and have found
וְהִנֵּ֥ה (wə·hin·nêh)
Conjunctive waw | Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 2009: Lo! behold!

them all
הַכֹּ֛ל (hak·kōl)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

to be futile,
הֶ֖בֶל (he·ḇel)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1892: Emptiness, vanity, transitory, unsatisfactory

a pursuit
וּרְע֥וּת (ū·rə·‘ūṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7469: A feeding upon, grasping after

of the wind.
רֽוּחַ׃ (rū·aḥ)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit
(14) Vexation.--The word occurs only in this book (Ecclesiastes 2:11; Ecclesiastes 2:17; Ecclesiastes 2:26; Ecclesiastes 4:4; Ecclesiastes 4:6; Ecclesiastes 6:9). The A. V. translation, "vexation of spirit," is difficult to justify. Very nearly the same phrase occurs in Hosea 12:1, and is there translated "feeding on wind," for in Hebrew, as in some other languages, the name for "spirit" primarily denotes breath or wind. Accordingly many interpreters understand the phrase of the text "feeding on wind" (see Isaiah 44:20). The same root, however, which means to "feast on a thing," has the secondary meaning to "delight in a thing," and so the corresponding noun in Chaldee comes to mean "pleasure" or "will." (Comp. Ezra 5:17; Ezra 7:18.) Accordingly the LXX. and many modern interpreters understand the phrase of the text "effort after wind."

Verse 14. - Here is the result of this examination of human actions. I have seen all the works that are done under the sun. In his varied experience nothing had escaped his notice. And behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit; reuth ruach; afflictio spiritus (Vulgate); προαίρεσις πνεύματος, "choice of spirit," or, "wind" (Septuagint); νομὴ ἀνέμου (Aquila and Theodotion); βοσκήσις ἀνέμου, "feeding on wind" (Symmachus). This last translation, or "striving after wind," seems to be most agreeable to the etymology of the word רְעוּת, which, except in this book (Ecclesiastes 2:11, 17, 26, etc.), occurs elsewhere only in the Chaldee portion of Ezra (Ezra 5:17; Ezra 7:18). Whichever sense is taken, the import is much the same. What is implied is the unsubstantial and unsatisfying nature of human labors and endeavors. Many compare Hosea 12:2, "Ephraim feedeth on wind," and Isaiah 44:20, "He feedeth on ashes." In contrast, perhaps, to this constantly recurring complaint, the author of the Book of Wisdom teaches that murmuring is unprofitable and blasphemous (Wisd. 1:11). Bailey, in 'Festus,' sings -

"Of all life's aims, what's worth the thought we waste on't?
How mean, how miserable, seems every care!
How doubtful, too, the system of the mind!
And then the ceaseless, changeless, hopeless round
Of weariness, and heartlessness, and woe,
And vice, and vanity! Yet these make life -
The life, at least, I witness, if not feel
No matter, we are immortal."
1:12-18 Solomon tried all things, and found them vanity. He found his searches after knowledge weariness, not only to the flesh, but to the mind. The more he saw of the works done under the sun, the more he saw their vanity; and the sight often vexed his spirit. He could neither gain that satisfaction to himself, nor do that good to others, which he expected. Even the pursuit of knowledge and wisdom discovered man's wickedness and misery; so that the more he knew, the more he saw cause to lament and mourn. Let us learn to hate and fear sin, the cause of all this vanity and misery; to value Christ; to seek rest in the knowledge, love, and service of the Saviour.
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