1 Samuel 4:21
New International Version
She named the boy Ichabod, saying, “The Glory has departed from Israel"—because of the capture of the ark of God and the deaths of her father-in-law and her husband.

New Living Translation
She named the child Ichabod (which means “Where is the glory?”), for she said, “Israel’s glory is gone.” She named him this because the Ark of God had been captured and because her father-in-law and husband were dead.

English Standard Version
And she named the child Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel!” because the ark of God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband.

Berean Study Bible
And she named the boy Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel,” because the ark of God had been captured and her father-in-law and her husband had been killed.

King James Bible
And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband.

New King James Version
Then she named the child Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel!” because the ark of God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband.

New American Standard Bible
And she named the boy Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel,” because the ark of God had been taken and because of her father-in-law and her husband.

NASB 1995
And she called the boy Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel,” because the ark of God was taken and because of her father-in-law and her husband.

NASB 1977
And she called the boy Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel,” because the ark of God was taken and because of her father-in-law and her husband.

Amplified Bible
And she named the boy Ichabod, saying, “The glory has left Israel,” because the ark of God had been taken and because of [the deaths of] her father-in-law and her husband.

Christian Standard Bible
She named the boy Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel,” referring to the capture of the ark of God and to the deaths of her father-in-law and her husband.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
She named the boy Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel,” referring to the capture of the ark of God and to the deaths of her father-in-law and her husband.

American Standard Version
And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel; because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father-in-law and her husband.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And she called the name of the boy Yukabar and she said: “The glory has passed from Israel”, because the Ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and because of her husband

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And she called the child Uaebarchaboth, because of the ark of God, and because of her father-in-law, and because of her husband.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And she called the child Ichabod, saying: The glory is gone from Israel, because the ark of God was taken, and for her father in law, and her husband:

English Revised Version
And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband.

Good News Translation
She named the boy Ichabod, explaining, "God's glory has left Israel"--referring to the capture of the Covenant Box and the death of her father-in-law and her husband.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
She called the boy Ichabod [No Glory], saying, "Israel's glory is gone," because the ark of God had been captured and because her father-in-law and her husband [died].

International Standard Version
She had named the boy Ichabod, saying, "Glory has departed from Israel," because the Ark of God had been captured and because her father-in-law and husband were dead.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And she named the child Ichabod, saying: 'The glory is departed from Israel'; because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father-in-law and her husband.

Literal Standard Version
and she calls the youth Ichabod, saying, “Glory has removed from Israel,” because of the taking of the Ark of God, and because of her father-in-law and her husband.

NET Bible
She named the boy Ichabod, saying, "The glory has departed from Israel," referring to the capture of the ark of God and the deaths of her father-in-law and her husband.

New Heart English Bible
She named the child Ichabod, saying, "The glory has departed from Israel"; because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father-in-law and her husband.

World English Bible
She named the child Ichabod, saying, "The glory has departed from Israel;" because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father-in-law and her husband.

Young's Literal Translation
and she calleth the youth I-Chabod, saying, 'Honour hath removed from Israel,' because of the taking of the ark of God, and because of her father-in-law and her husband.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Death of Eli
20As she was dying, the women attending to her said, “Do not be afraid, for you have given birth to a son!” But she did not respond or pay any heed. 21And she named the boy Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel,” because the ark of God had been captured and her father-in-law and her husband had been killed. 22“The glory has departed from Israel,” she said, “for the ark of God has been captured.”…

Cross References
1 Samuel 4:11
The ark of God was captured, and Eli's two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, died.

1 Samuel 4:22
"The glory has departed from Israel," she said, "for the ark of God has been captured."

1 Samuel 14:3
including Ahijah, who was wearing an ephod. He was the son of Ichabod's brother Ahitub son of Phinehas, the son of Eli the priest of the LORD in Shiloh. But the troops did not know that Jonathan had left.

Psalm 26:8
O LORD, I love the house where You dwell, the place where Your glory resides.

Jeremiah 2:11
Has a nation ever changed its gods, though they are no gods at all? Yet My people have exchanged their Glory for useless idols.


Treasury of Scripture

And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband.

I-chabod.

Psalm 26:8
LORD, I have loved the habitation of thy house, and the place where thine honour dwelleth.

Psalm 78:61,64
And delivered his strength into captivity, and his glory into the enemy's hand…

Psalm 106:20
Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass.









(21-22) The glory is departed from Israel.--This singular and circumstantial account of the death of the widow of Phinehas, the evil warrior-priest, the son of Eli, which follows directly after the story of the great national disaster, is introduced from the records of that sad time, not from any special interest in the hapless woman and her sad fate, but solely for the purpose of showing how deeply the heart of Israel was penetrated with a love for their God, His Tabernacle, and its sacred contents. It was not the intelligence of her husband's bloody end on the field of battle, or of her father-in-law's death on his throne, or the downfall of her house, which stirred her so painfully; she could have borne all this better than the news that the Ark of the Covenant was in the hands of the idolatrous enemies of God. Von Gerlach remarks that "the wife of this deeply corrupt man shows how penetrated the whole people then was with the sense of the value of its covenant with God."

The meaning of the term I-chabod is much disputed, owing to the doubt which hangs over the first syllable--"I" followed by "chabod." It is usually taken to mean a simple negative; "not:" chabod signifying "glory:" I-chabod thus represents "not glory:" i.e., there is no glory. Others render the "I" syllable as a query, "Where?" "Where is the glory?" the answer, of course, being, "It is nowhere." But the best rendering seems to be to understand the syllable "I" as an exclamation of bitter sorrow, "Alas !" The name then could be translated, "Alas! the glory."



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
And she named
וַתִּקְרָ֣א (wat·tiq·rā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 7121: To call, proclaim, read

the boy
לַנַּ֗עַר (lan·na·‘ar)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5288: A boy, lad, youth, retainer

Ichabod,
כָבוֹד֙ (ḵā·ḇō·wḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 350: Ichabod -- 'inglorious', a son of Phinehas

saying,
לֵאמֹ֔ר (lê·mōr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 559: To utter, say

“The glory
כָב֖וֹד (ḵā·ḇō·wḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3519: Weight, splendor, copiousness

has departed
גָּלָ֥ה (gā·lāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1540: To denude, to exile, to reveal

from Israel,”
מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (mî·yiś·rā·’êl)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

because
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

the ark
אֲר֣וֹן (’ă·rō·wn)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's 727: A chest, ark

of God
הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים (hā·’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

had been captured
הִלָּקַח֙ (hil·lā·qaḥ)
Verb - Nifal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 3947: To take

[and]
וְאֶל־ (wə·’el-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

her father-in-law
חָמִ֖יהָ (ḥā·mî·hā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 2524: Husband's father

and her husband had been killed.
וְאִישָֽׁהּ׃ (wə·’î·šāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person


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OT History: 1 Samuel 4:21 She named the child Ichabod saying (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 4:20
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