Habakkuk 3:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Plague went before him; pestilence followed his steps.

New Living Translation
Pestilence marches before him; plague follows close behind.

English Standard Version
Before him went pestilence, and plague followed at his heels.

New American Standard Bible
Before Him goes pestilence, And plague comes after Him.

King James Bible
Before him went the pestilence, and burning coals went forth at his feet.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Plague goes before Him, and pestilence follows in His steps.

International Standard Version
Before him pestilence walks, and disease follows behind him.

NET Bible
Plague goes before him; pestilence marches right behind him.

New Heart English Bible
Plague went before him, and pestilence followed his feet.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Diseases go ahead of him. Plagues follow after him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Before him goeth the pestilence, And fiery bolts go forth at His feet.

New American Standard 1977
Before Him goes pestilence,
            And plague comes after Him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Before his face went mortality, and burning coals went forth from his feet.

King James 2000 Bible
Before him went the pestilence, and burning fever went forth at his feet.

American King James Version
Before him went the pestilence, and burning coals went forth at his feet.

American Standard Version
Before him went the pestilence, And fiery bolts went forth at his feet.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Death shall go before his face. And the devil shall go forth before his feet.

Darby Bible Translation
Before him went the pestilence, And a burning flame went forth at his feet.

English Revised Version
Before him went the pestilence, and fiery bolts went forth at his feet.

Webster's Bible Translation
Before him went the pestilence, and burning coals went forth at his feet.

World English Bible
Plague went before him, and pestilence followed his feet.

Young's Literal Translation
Before Him goeth pestilence, And a burning flame goeth forth at His feet.
Study Bible
Habakkuk's Prayer
4His radiance is like the sunlight; He has rays flashing from His hand, And there is the hiding of His power. 5Before Him goes pestilence, And plague comes after Him. 6He stood and surveyed the earth; He looked and startled the nations. Yes, the perpetual mountains were shattered, The ancient hills collapsed. His ways are everlasting.…
Cross References
Exodus 12:29
Now it came about at midnight that the LORD struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of cattle.

Exodus 12:30
Pharaoh arose in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was no home where there was not someone dead.

Numbers 11:1
Now the people became like those who complain of adversity in the hearing of the LORD; and when the LORD heard it, His anger was kindled, and the fire of the LORD burned among them and consumed some of the outskirts of the camp.

Numbers 16:46
Moses said to Aaron, "Take your censer and put in it fire from the altar, and lay incense on it; then bring it quickly to the congregation and make atonement for them, for wrath has gone forth from the LORD, the plague has begun!"

Psalm 18:12
From the brightness before Him passed His thick clouds, Hailstones and coals of fire.

Psalm 18:13
The LORD also thundered in the heavens, And the Most High uttered His voice, Hailstones and coals of fire.

Psalm 97:3
Fire goes before Him And burns up His adversaries round about.
Treasury of Scripture

Before him went the pestilence, and burning coals went forth at his feet.

went.

Exodus 12:29,30 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn …

Numbers 14:12 I will smite them with the pestilence, and disinherit them, and will …

Numbers 16:46-49 And Moses said to Aaron, Take a censer, and put fire therein from …

Psalm 78:50,51 He made a way to his anger; he spared not their soul from death, …

Nahum 1:2,3 God is jealous, and the LORD revenges; the LORD revenges, and is …

and.

Psalm 18:7-13 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills …

burning coals. or, burning diseases.

Deuteronomy 32:24 They shall be burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, …

(5) Before him went the pestilence. . . .--Better, Before Him shall go the plague, and burning pestilence shall go forth where He sets His feet. Kleinert remarks that it was with these angels of death that Jehovah revealed Himself in the south, and destroyed the armies of Sennacherib (2Kings 19:35).

Verse 5. - After describing the splendour of the theophany, the prophet now turns to the purpose and effects of God's appearing. He comes to avenge and judge, therefore before him went the pestilence. Before him stalks plague, to punish his enemies and the disobedient, as in Egypt, in Canaan (Exodus 23:27; 1 Samuel 5:9, 11); and among his own people (Numbers 11:33; Numbers 14:37, etc.; Leviticus 26:25). For "pestilence" the LXX. reads "word." Burning coals went forth at his feet. "Fiery belts" followed his advance, "hailstones and coals of fire" (Psalm 18:12, 13); as in Psalm 97:8, "A fire goeth before him, and burneth up his enemies on every side." But, regarding the parallelisms of the hemistiches, it is better to take resheph in the sense of "fever heat," as in Deuteronomy 32:24; scorching fever follows in his train. Jerome translates the word, diabolus, looking on the evil spirit as the agent of the Divine vengeance. The Jews, he says, had a tradition that Satan was called Reseph, from the speed of his movements. The LXX. has, "It (the word) shall go forth into the plains," which Jerome interprets, "shall make the crooked straight and the rough ways smooth." Before him went the pestilence,.... Either in the land of Egypt, when he marched through that, and slew all their firstborn, Psalm 78:50 or rather which he sent before him, and Israel his people among the nations of the land of Canaan, with other diseases and judgments, and destroyed them to make way for his people, which may be here alluded to, Exodus 23:27 and may point at the judgments of God, and those pestilential diseases which seized upon the persecutors of the Christians, both among the Jews, as Herod, Acts 12:23 and among the Gentiles, as many of the Roman emperors, who died violent and grievous deaths; and particularly it may regard the pestilence, famine, and other sore judgments preceding the destruction of Jerusalem, and the inhabitants of it, for their rejection and crucifixion of the Messiah:

and burning coals went forth at his feet; which some understand of hailstones mingled with fire, to which the allusion may be, being one of the plagues of Egypt, Exodus 9:23. Some interpret it of hot diseases, burning fevers, so Kimchi; which are at the command of God, and sent forth by him when he pleases, to do his will. The ancient fathers expound all this of the destruction of death, and the devil, and his principalities, by Christ upon the cross; and the Targum is,

"from before him was sent forth the angel of death, and his word went forth in a flame of fire;''

but this seems to have respect to the burning of the city and temple of Jerusalem, which was done by the Romans as instruments, but according to the direction, order, and will of Christ, Matthew 22:7 see Psalm 18:12. 5. pestilence—to destroy His people's foes (1Sa 5:9, 11). As Jehovah's advent is glorious to His people, so it is terrible to His foes.

burning coals—Ps 18:8 favors English Version. But the parallelism requires, as the Margin translates, "burning disease" (compare De 32:24; Ps 91:6).

went … at his feet—that is, after Him, as His attendants (Jud 4:10).3:3-15 God's people, when in distress, and ready to despair, seek help by considering the days of old, and the years of ancient times, and by pleading them with God in prayer. The resemblance between the Babylonish and Egyptian captivities, naturally presents itself to the mind, as well as the possibility of a like deliverance through the power of Jehovah. God appeared in his glory. All the powers of nature are shaken, and the course of nature changed, but all is for the salvation of God's own people. Even what seems least likely, shall be made to work for their salvation. Hereby is given a type and figure of the redemption of the world by Jesus Christ. It is for salvation with thine anointed. Joshua who led the armies of Israel, was a figure of Him whose name he bare, even Jesus, our Joshua. In all the salvations wrought for them, God looked upon Christ the Anointed, and brought deliverances to pass by him. All the wonders done for Israel of old, were nothing to that which was done when the Son of God suffered on the cross for the sins of his people. How glorious his resurrection and ascension! And how much more glorious will be his second coming, to put an end to all that opposes him, and all that causes suffering to his people!
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