Ezra 6:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
so that they may offer sacrifices pleasing to the God of heaven and pray for the well-being of the king and his sons.

New Living Translation
Then they will be able to offer acceptable sacrifices to the God of heaven and pray for the welfare of the king and his sons.

English Standard Version
that they may offer pleasing sacrifices to the God of heaven and pray for the life of the king and his sons.

New American Standard Bible
that they may offer acceptable sacrifices to the God of heaven and pray for the life of the king and his sons.

King James Bible
That they may offer sacrifices of sweet savours unto the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
so that they can offer sacrifices of pleasing aroma to the God of heaven and pray for the life of the king and his sons.

International Standard Version
so they may approach the God of Heaven with fragrant sacrifices and pray for the life of this king and his sons.

NET Bible
so that they may be offering incense to the God of heaven and may be praying for the good fortune of the king and his family.

New Heart English Bible
that they may offer sacrifices of pleasant aroma to the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then they can offer sacrifices that please the God of heaven and pray for the life of the king and his sons.

JPS Tanakh 1917
that they may offer sacrifices of sweet savour unto the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.

New American Standard 1977
that they may offer acceptable sacrifices to the God of heaven and pray for the life of the king and his sons.

Jubilee Bible 2000
that they may offer sacrifices of sweet savours unto the God of heaven and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.

King James 2000 Bible
That they may offer sacrifices of sweet aroma unto the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.

American King James Version
That they may offer sacrifices of sweet smells to the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.

American Standard Version
that they may offer sacrifices of sweet savor unto the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And let them offer oblations to the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his children.

Darby Bible Translation
that they may present sweet odours to the God of the heavens, and pray for the life of the king and of his sons.

English Revised Version
that they may offer sacrifices of sweet savour unto the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.

Webster's Bible Translation
That they may offer sacrifices of sweet savors to the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.

World English Bible
that they may offer sacrifices of pleasant aroma to the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.

Young's Literal Translation
that they be bringing near sweet savours to the God of heaven, and praying for the life of the king, and of his sons.
Study Bible
The Decree of Darius
9"Whatever is needed, both young bulls, rams, and lambs for a burnt offering to the God of heaven, and wheat, salt, wine and anointing oil, as the priests in Jerusalem request, it is to be given to them daily without fail, 10that they may offer acceptable sacrifices to the God of heaven and pray for the life of the king and his sons. 11"And I issued a decree that any man who violates this edict, a timber shall be drawn from his house and he shall be impaled on it and his house shall be made a refuse heap on account of this.…
Cross References
1 Timothy 2:1
First of all, then, I urge that petitions, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgiving be offered on behalf of all men

1 Timothy 2:2
for kings and all those in authority, so that we may lead tranquil and quiet lives in all godliness and dignity.

Ezra 6:9
"Whatever is needed, both young bulls, rams, and lambs for a burnt offering to the God of heaven, and wheat, salt, wine and anointing oil, as the priests in Jerusalem request, it is to be given to them daily without fail,

Ezra 7:23
"Whatever is commanded by the God of heaven, let it be done with zeal for the house of the God of heaven, so that there will not be wrath against the kingdom of the king and his sons.

Jeremiah 29:7
'Seek the welfare of the city where I have sent you into exile, and pray to the LORD on its behalf; for in its welfare you will have welfare.'

Daniel 2:46
Then King Nebuchadnezzar fell on his face and did homage to Daniel, and gave orders to present to him an offering and fragrant incense.
Treasury of Scripture

That they may offer sacrifices of sweet smells to the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.

sweet savours. Chal. rest

Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet smell; and the LORD said in his heart, …

Leviticus 1:9,13 But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the priest …

Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us…

pray

Ezra 7:23 Whatever is commanded by the God of heaven, let it be diligently …

Jeremiah 29:7 And seek the peace of the city where I have caused you to be carried …

1 Timothy 2:1,2 I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, …

(10) That they may offer sacrifices . . . and pray for the life of the king.--Two ends are to be answered: the God of heaven is to be honoured, and the dynasty of Darius interceded for by the Jews. (Comp. Jeremiah 29:7.)

Of sweet savours.--The word occurs again only in Daniel 2:46, and there is translated "sweet odours," meaning incense. The connection of this with the prayer following justifies the same translation here, and, moreover, indicates under what good instruction the decree was drawn up.

Verse 10. - That they may offer sacrifices of sweet savours. Either incense, as in Daniel 2:46, or "sacrifices that are pleasing and acceptable" (see Genesis 8:21; Numbers 28:2). And pray for the life of the king. The Jews have always maintained the practice of praying for the civil ruler of any country in which they have had their abode. Jeremiah s exhortation to "seek the peace" of Babylon (Numbers 29:7) was understood in this way, and the tradition has been handed down even to the present day. Under monarchs so favour-able to them as the Achaemenian Persians the duty would certainly not have been neglected. And of his sons. In Persia "the royal house" was the special object of regard. Individual kings must die, but the house would go on (see the speech of Artemisia to Xerxes in 'Herod.,' 8:102; and compare the references to the "gods of the royal house" in the Inscriptions). Kings took special care of their sons. Thus Cyrus sent Cambyses back to Persia when he was about to attack the Massagetae ('Herod.,' 1:208), and Xerxes gave several of his sons into the charge of Artemisia, to convey them by ship to Asia, while he himself took the long and perilous journey by land (ibid. 8:103). That they may offer sacrifices of sweet savours unto the God of heaven,.... Such as will be acceptable to him, Genesis 8:21

and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons; prayer being wont to be made at the time of the morning and evening incense; and the Jews used to pray for other people besides themselves, and especially when desired, and particularly for kings and civil magistrates, to whom they were subject, see Jeremiah 29:7, the sons of Darius Hystaspis, for whose life, as well as his own, he would have prayer made, were, according to Herodotus (d), three by his first wife, the daughter of Gobryas, before he began to reign, the eldest of which was Artobazanes; which sons must be here meant, since this was towards the beginning of his reign; he had afterwards four more by Atossa the daughter of Cyrus, the eldest of which was Xerxes, who succeeded him: many of the Heathens had an high opinion of the God of the Jews, and of their prayers to him for them; even the Emperor Julian (e) styles him the best of all the gods, and desired the Jews to pray to him for the welfare of his kingdom; nor need it seem strange that Darius should desire the same, since he was a devout prince; his father Hystaspes is supposed by some to be the same that was one of the most famous among the Persian Magi, or ministers in sacred things; and Darius himself had so great a veneration for the men of that sacred order, that he commanded that it should be put upon his sepulchral monument, that he was master of the Magi (f); and by his familiarity with the priests of Egypt, and learning their divinity, had the honour, while alive, to have deity ascribed to him (g).

(d) Polymnia, sive, l. 7. c. 2.((e) Opera, par. 2. ep. 25. p. 153. (f) Porphyr. de abstinentia, l. 4, c. 16. (g) Diodor. Sic. l. 1. p. 85. 6:1-12 When God's time is come for fulfilling his gracious purposes concerning his church, he will raise up instruments to do it, from whom such good service was not expected. While our thoughts are directed to this event, we are led by Zechariah to fix our regard on a nobler, a spiritual building. The Lord Jesus Christ continues to lay one stone upon another: let us assist the great design. Difficulties delay the progress of this sacred edifice. Yet let not opposition discourage us, for in due season it will be completed to his abundant praise. He shall bring forth the head-stone thereof with shoutings, crying, Grace, grace unto it.
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