Apparel
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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
APPAREL

a-par'-el: The English equivalent of six Hebrew and three Greek words, variously signifying all kinds of raiment, chiefly garments costly and beautiful: ornamental (2 Samuel 1:24); royal, as of Ahasuerus (Esther 6:8), of Herod (Acts 12:21, esthes); of kings' daughters (2 Samuel 13:18); priestly (Ezra 3:10); also mourning (2 Samuel 14:2). In 1 Samuel 17:38, 39 "apparel" replaces "armor" of King James Version: "Saul clad David with his apparel," probably some close-fitting garment worn under the armor, or sometimes without it. Severe judgment was pronounced on Jewish princes who clothed themselves with "strange" (the King James Version), i.e. "with foreign apparel" (Ze 1:8; compare Isaiah 2:6-8). "Modest apparel" as against "costly raiment" is commended as suited to Christians (1 Timothy 2:9; himatismos, and katastole). Angels are robed in white apparel (Acts 1:10; compare Luke 24:4, "dazzling"). Fig. of the glorious and red (suggestive of the wine-press) apparel of the Messiah (Isaiah 63:1, 2), and of "a meek and quiet spirit" (1 Peter 3:4).

Dwight M. Pratt

Greek
1742. enduma -- apparel (esp. the outer robe)
... enduma. 1743 . apparel (esp. ... Word Origin from enduo Definition apparel (esp. the
outer robe) NASB Word Usage clothes (2), clothing (5), garment (1). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1742.htm - 6k

4749. stole -- equipment, apparel
... equipment, apparel. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: stole Phonetic
Spelling: (stol-ay') Short Definition: a long robe Definition: a long robe ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4749.htm - 7k

2066. esthes -- clothing
... Word Origin from hennumi (to clothe) Definition clothing NASB Word Usage apparel
(1), clothes (3), clothing (1), garments (1), robe (1). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2066.htm - 6k

2689. katastole -- a garment
... Word Origin from katastello Definition a garment NASB Word Usage clothing (1). apparel.
From katastello; a deposit, ie (specially) costume -- apparel. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2689.htm - 6k

2441. himatismos -- clothing
... apparel, raiment, vesture. From himatizo; clothing -- apparel (X -led), array, raiment,
vesture. see GREEK himatizo. (imatismon) -- 1 Occurrence. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2441.htm - 6k

2440. himation -- an outer garment, a cloak, robe
... apparel, clothing, garment. Neuter of a presumed derivative of ennumi (to
put on); a dress (inner or outer) -- apparel, cloke, clothes ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2440.htm - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
4458. meltachah -- probably wardrobe, wearing apparel
... 4457, 4458. meltachah. 4459 . probably wardrobe, wearing apparel. Transliteration:
meltachah Phonetic Spelling: (mel-taw-khaw') Short Definition: wardrobe. ...
/hebrew/4458.htm - 6k

899. beged -- treachery
... 898, 899. beged. 899a . treachery. Transliteration: beged Phonetic Spelling:
(behg'-ed) Short Definition: apparel. apparel, clothes ...
/hebrew/899.htm - 5k

3830. lebush -- a garment, clothing, raiment
... Word Origin from labash Definition a garment, clothing, raiment NASB Word Usage
apparel (3), armor (1), attire* (1), clothed (2), clothing (12), dressed* (1 ...
/hebrew/3830.htm - 6k

3847. labash -- to put on, wear, clothe, be clothed
... root Definition to put on, wear, clothe, be clothed NASB Word Usage apparel (1),
array (1), arrayed (3), attired (1), came (3), clothe (11), clothe yourself (3 ...
/hebrew/3847.htm - 6k

1264. berom -- variegated cloth
... rich apparel. Probably of foreign origin; damask (stuff of variegated thread) --
rich apparel. 1263, 1264. berom. 1265 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/1264.htm - 5k

8071. simlah -- a wrapper, mantle
... clothes (9), clothing (5), garment (5), garments (5). apparel, clothes garment,
raiment. Perhaps by permutation for the feminine of ...
/hebrew/8071.htm - 6k

4403. malbush -- raiment, attire
... apparel, raiment, vestment. Or malbush {mal-boosh'}; from labash; a garment, or
(collectively) clothing -- apparel, raiment, vestment. see HEBREW labash. ...
/hebrew/4403.htm - 6k

4254. machalatsah -- robe of state
... changeable suit of apparel, change of raiment. From chalats; a mantle (as easily
drawn off) -- changeable suit of apparel, change of raiment. see HEBREW chalats ...
/hebrew/4254.htm - 6k

Library

On the Apparel of Women
On the Apparel of Women. <. On the Apparel of Women Tertullian. Translated
by Rev. S. Thelwall Table of Contents. Title Page. Book I. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/tertullian/on the apparel of women/

Of Modesty in the Outward Apparel (Two Articles)
... OF MODESTY IN THE OUTWARD APPAREL (TWO ARTICLES). We ... inquiry: (1) Whether there
can be virtue and vice in connection with outward apparel? ...
//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/of modesty in the outward.htm

Spiritual Apparel; Namely, the Robe of Righteousness, and Garments ...
... Hymns. Book 1. Hymn 1:20. Spiritual apparel; namely, the robe of righteousness,
and garments of salvation, Isa. 61. 10. 1 Awake, my ...
/.../watts/hymns and spiritual songs/hymn 1 20 spiritual apparel namely.htm

Spiritual Apparel. Isa. 61:10:00
... HYMNS AND SPIRITUAL SONGS IN THREE BOOKS. HYMN 20 Spiritual apparel. Isa. 61:10.
CM Spiritual apparel. Isa.61:10. Awake, my heart; arise, my tongue,. ...
/.../watts/the psalms and hymns of isaac watts/hymn 20 spiritual apparel isa.htm

Introduction. Modesty in Apparel Becoming to Women,
On the Apparel of Women. <. ... Book I. Chapter I."Introduction. Modesty
in Apparel Becoming to Women,. in Memory of the ...
/.../on the apparel of women/chapter i introduction modesty in apparel.htm

Whether There Can be virtue and vice in Connection with Outward ...
... OF MODESTY IN THE OUTWARD APPAREL (TWO ARTICLES) Whether there can be virtue
and vice in connection with outward apparel? Objection ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether there can be virtue.htm

On the Apparel of Women
On the Apparel of Women. <. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/tertullian/on the apparel of women/title page.htm

If any Woman, under Pretence of Asceticism, Shall Change Her ...
... Canon XIII. If any woman, under pretence of asceticism, shall change her
apparel and´┐Ż If any woman, under pretence of asceticism ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon xiii if any woman.htm

That it Does not Become one in Holy Orders to be Clad in Costly ...
... Canon XVI. That it does not become one in holy orders to be clad in costly apparel.
That it does not become one in holy orders to be clad in costly apparel. ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon xvi that it does.htm

Whether it is Lawful for Religious to Wear Coarser Clothes than ...
... clothes. Objection 2: Further, Jerome says (Ep. 52 ad Nepotian.): "Avoid
somber," ie black, "equally with glittering apparel. Fine ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether it is lawful for 17.htm

Easton's Bible Dictionary
In Old Testament times the distinction between male and female attire was not very Marked. The statute forbidding men to wear female apparel (Deuteronomy 22:5) referred especially to ornaments and head-dresses. Both men and women wore (1) an under garment or tunic, which was bound by a girdle. One who had only this tunic on was spoken of as "naked" (1 Samuel 19:24; Job 24:10; Isaiah 20:2). Those in high stations sometimes wore two tunics, the outer being called the "upper garment" (1 Samuel 15:27; 18:4; 24:5; Job 1:20).

(2.) They wore in common an over-garment ("mantle, Isaiah 3:22; 1 Kings 19:13; 2 Kings 2:13), a loose and flowing robe. The folds of this upper garment could be formed into a lap (Ruth 3:15; Psalm 79:12; Proverbs 17:23; Luke 6:38). Generals of armies usually wore scarlet robes (Judges 8:26; Nahum 2:3). A form of conspicuous raiment is mentioned in Luke 20:46; comp. Matthew 23:5.

Priests alone wore trousers. Both men and women wore turbans. Kings and nobles usually had a store of costly garments for festive occasions (Isaiah 3:22; Zechariah 3:4) and for presents (Genesis 45:22; Esther 4:4; 6:8, 11; 1 Samuel 18:4; 2 Kings 5:5; 10:22). Prophets and ascetics wore coarse garments (Isaiah 20:2; Zechariah 13:4; Matthew 3:4).

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) External clothing; vesture; garments; dress; garb; external habiliments or array.

2. (n.) A small ornamental piece of embroidery worn on albs and some other ecclesiastical vestments.

3. (n.) The furniture of a ship, as masts, sails, rigging, anchors, guns, etc.

4. (v. t.) To make or get (something) ready; to prepare.

5. (v. t.) To furnish with apparatus; to equip; to fit out.

6. (v. t.) To dress or clothe; to attire.

7. (v. t.) To dress with external ornaments; to cover with something ornamental; to deck; to embellish; as, trees appareled with flowers, or a garden with verdure.

Thesaurus
Apparel (38 Occurrences)
... The statute forbidding men to wear female apparel (Deuteronomy 22:5) referred
especially to ornaments and head-dresses. ... Standard Bible Encyclopedia. APPAREL. ...
/a/apparel.htm - 24k

Attire (11 Occurrences)
... The numerous synonyms for "dress," "attire," "apparel," "clothes," "raiment," "garment,"
etc., found in English Versions of the Bible, reflect a similar wealth ...
/a/attire.htm - 11k

Dress (38 Occurrences)
... 16:10; Zephaniah 1:8 (RV, "foreign apparel"); 1 Timothy 2:9; 1 Peter 3:3. Rending
the robes was expressive of grief (Genesis 37:29, 34), fear (1 Kings 21:27 ...
/d/dress.htm - 53k

Deportment (12 Occurrences)
... 1 Kings 10:5 and the food of his table, and the deportment of his servants, and
the order of service of his attendants, and their apparel, and his cupbearers ...
/d/deportment.htm - 10k

Cupbearers (2 Occurrences)
... 1 Kings 10:5 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the
attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ...
/c/cupbearers.htm - 7k

Cup-bearers (7 Occurrences)
... 1 Kings 10:5 And the provisions of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and
the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cup-bearers, and ...
/c/cup-bearers.htm - 8k

Array (63 Occurrences)
... soldiers. 3. (n.) An imposing series of things. 4. (n.) Dress; garments disposed
in order upon the person; rich or beautiful apparel. 5 ...
/a/array.htm - 30k

Attending (14 Occurrences)
... 1 Kings 10:5 and the food of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the
attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ...
/a/attending.htm - 10k

Splendid (14 Occurrences)
... (DBY). James 2:2 for if there come unto your synagogue a man with a gold ring in
splendid apparel, and a poor man also come in in vile apparel, (DBY). ...
/s/splendid.htm - 10k

Attendants (30 Occurrences)
... 1 Kings 10:5 and the food of his table, and the deportment of his servants, and
the order of service of his attendants, and their apparel, and his cupbearers ...
/a/attendants.htm - 15k

Bible Concordance
Apparel (38 Occurrences)

Luke 23:11 And Herod with his soldiers set him at nought, and mocked him, and arraying him in gorgeous apparel sent him back to Pilate.
(ASV YLT RSV)

Luke 24:4 And it came to pass, while they were perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel:
(ASV YLT RSV)

Acts 1:10 And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel;
(KJV ASV WBS YLT)

Acts 10:30 And Cornelius said, Four days ago, until this hour, I was keeping the ninth hour of prayer in my house; and behold, a man stood before me in bright apparel,
(ASV RSV)

Acts 12:21 And upon a set day Herod, arrayed in royal apparel, sat upon his throne, and made an oration unto them.
(KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Acts 20:33 I have coveted no man's silver, or gold, or apparel.
(KJV ASV WBS RSV)

1 Timothy 2:9 In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety; not with broided hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array;
(KJV ASV WBS YLT RSV)

James 2:2 For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;
(KJV DBY WBS)

James 2:3 and ye look upon him who wears the splendid apparel, and say, Do thou sit here well, and say to the poor, Do thou stand there, or sit here under my footstool:
(DBY)

1 Peter 3:3 Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel;
(KJV ASV DBY WBS)

1 Peter 3:4 but 'let it be' the hidden man of the heart, in the incorruptible 'apparel' of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.
(ASV)

Deuteronomy 22:5 There shall not be a man's apparel on a woman, neither shall a man put on a woman's clothing; for whoever doeth so is an abomination to Jehovah thy God.
(DBY)

Judges 17:10 And Micah said unto him, Dwell with me, and be unto me a father and a priest, and I will give thee ten shekels of silver by the year, and a suit of apparel, and thy victuals. So the Levite went in.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)

1 Samuel 17:38 And Saul clad David with his apparel, and he put a helmet of brass upon his head, and he clad him with a coat of mail.
(ASV JPS)

1 Samuel 17:39 And David girded his sword upon his apparel, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him.
(ASV JPS)

1 Samuel 18:4 And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David, and his apparel, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle.
(ASV JPS)

1 Samuel 27:9 And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the camels, and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

2 Samuel 1:24 Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with other delights, who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)

2 Samuel 12:20 Then David arose from the earth, and washed, and anointed himself, and changed his apparel, and came into the house of the LORD, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he required, they set bread before him, and he did eat.
(KJV JPS ASV WBS)

2 Samuel 14:2 And Joab sent to Tekoah, and fetched thence a wise woman, and said unto her, I pray thee, feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on now mourning apparel, and anoint not thyself with oil, but be as a woman that had a long time mourned for the dead:
(KJV JPS ASV WBS)

2 Samuel 20:8 When they were at the great stone which is in Gibeon, Amasa came to meet them. Joab was girded with his apparel of war that he had put on, and thereon was a sash with a sword fastened on his waist in its sheath; and as he went forth it fell out.
(WEB JPS ASV)

1 Kings 10:5 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

2 Chronicles 9:4 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel; his cupbearers also, and their apparel; and his ascent by which he went up into the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

Ezra 3:10 And when the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the LORD, they set the priests in their apparel with trumpets, and the Levites the sons of Asaph with cymbals, to praise the LORD, after the ordinance of David king of Israel.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS)

Esther 5:1 Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on her royal apparel, and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's house: and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

Esther 6:8 Let the royal apparel be brought which the king useth to wear, and the horse that the king rideth upon, and the crown royal which is set upon his head:
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

Esther 6:9 And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king's most noble princes, that they may array the man withal whom the king delighteth to honour, and bring him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaim before him, Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delighteth to honour.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

Esther 6:10 Then the king said to Haman, Make haste, and take the apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the king's gate: let nothing fail of all that thou hast spoken.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

Esther 6:11 Then took Haman the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him, Thus shall it be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

Esther 8:15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

Psalms 109:19 It is to him as apparel -- he covereth himself, And for a continual girdle he girdeth it on.
(YLT)

Isaiah 3:22 The changeable suits of apparel, and the mantles, and the wimples, and the crisping pins,
(KJV WBS YLT)

Isaiah 4:1 And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man, saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by thy name, to take away our reproach.
(KJV JPS ASV WBS)

Isaiah 63:1 Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)

Isaiah 63:2 Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat?
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)

Zephaniah 1:8 And it shall come to pass in the day of the LORD's sacrifice, that I will punish the princes, and the king's children, and all such as are clothed with strange apparel.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

Zechariah 3:4 And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take the filthy garments from off him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with rich apparel.
(ASV YLT RSV)

Zechariah 14:14 And Judah also shall fight at Jerusalem; and the wealth of all the heathen round about shall be gathered together, gold, and silver, and apparel, in great abundance.
(KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)

Subtopics

Apparel

Related Terms

Attire (11 Occurrences)

Dress (38 Occurrences)

Deportment (12 Occurrences)

Cupbearers (2 Occurrences)

Cup-bearers (7 Occurrences)

Array (63 Occurrences)

Attending (14 Occurrences)

Splendid (14 Occurrences)

Attendants (30 Occurrences)

Costly (26 Occurrences)

Provisions (41 Occurrences)

Colors (12 Occurrences)

Mor'decai (51 Occurrences)

Color (18 Occurrences)

Wardrobe (4 Occurrences)

Royal (154 Occurrences)

Delighteth (23 Occurrences)

Goodly (46 Occurrences)

Raiment (75 Occurrences)

Wearing (43 Occurrences)

Street (54 Occurrences)

Proclaiming (63 Occurrences)

Woman (4043 Occurrences)

Vesture (10 Occurrences)

Vile (59 Occurrences)

Kingly (7 Occurrences)

Kerchief

Useth (9 Occurrences)

Oration (1 Occurrence)

Gorgeous (1 Occurrence)

Girdeth (11 Occurrences)

Glittering (12 Occurrences)

Glowing (14 Occurrences)

Gorgeously (3 Occurrences)

Wimples (1 Occurrence)

Winefat (2 Occurrences)

Waist (36 Occurrences)

Winevat (3 Occurrences)

Wine-vat (7 Occurrences)

Fabric (8 Occurrences)

Feign (11 Occurrences)

Tressing (1 Occurrence)

Traveling (22 Occurrences)

Travelling (17 Occurrences)

Teko'a (11 Occurrences)

Tire (5 Occurrences)

Tekoah (3 Occurrences)

Treadeth (25 Occurrences)

Requested (29 Occurrences)

Rideth (15 Occurrences)

Redness (2 Occurrences)

Elevated (4 Occurrences)

Essayed (4 Occurrences)

Dyed (10 Occurrences)

Deep-red (1 Occurrence)

Dagger (6 Occurrences)

Delights (39 Occurrences)

Mantles (5 Occurrences)

Mocking (25 Occurrences)

Modestly (2 Occurrences)

Plaiting (3 Occurrences)

Pendant (1 Occurrence)

Pins (12 Occurrences)

Broided (1 Occurrence)

Before (18954 Occurrences)

Belt (32 Occurrences)

Broidered (9 Occurrences)

Bracelet (5 Occurrences)

Crimson (10 Occurrences)

Crisping-pins (1 Occurrence)

Crisping (1 Occurrence)

Coverings (7 Occurrences)

Crimsoned (1 Occurrence)

Chest (15 Occurrences)

Changeable (1 Occurrence)

Arrays (1 Occurrence)

Ama'sa (12 Occurrences)

Arrayed (46 Occurrences)

Apparatus (1 Occurrence)

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