Acts 18:22
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When he landed at Caesarea, he went up to Jerusalem and greeted the church and then went down to Antioch.

New Living Translation
The next stop was at the port of Caesarea. From there he went up and visited the church at Jerusalem and then went back to Antioch.

English Standard Version
When he had landed at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the church, and then went down to Antioch.

Berean Study Bible
When Paul had landed at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the church at Jerusalem. Then he went down to Antioch.

Berean Literal Bible
and having landed at Caesarea, having gone up and having greeted the church, he went down to Antioch.

New American Standard Bible
When he had landed at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the church, and went down to Antioch.

King James Bible
And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up, and saluted the church, he went down to Antioch.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
On landing at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the church and went down to Antioch.

International Standard Version
When he arrived in Caesarea, he went up to Jerusalem, greeted the church there, and then returned to Antioch.

NET Bible
and when he arrived at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the church at Jerusalem and then went down to Antioch.

New Heart English Bible
When he had landed at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the church, and went down to Antioch.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He traveled by sea and came to Qesaria, and he came up and invoked the peace of the members of the church and he went on to Antiakia.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
and arrived in the city of Caesarea. He went [to Jerusalem], greeted the church, and went back to the city of Antioch.

New American Standard 1977
And when he had landed at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the church, and went down to Antioch.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when he had landed at Caesarea and gone up to Jerusalem and after greeting the congregation {Gr. ekklesia – called out ones}, he went down to Antioch.

King James 2000 Bible
And when he had landed at Caesarea, having gone up, and greeted the church, he went down to Antioch.

American King James Version
And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up, and saluted the church, he went down to Antioch.

American Standard Version
And when he had landed at Caesarea, he went up and saluted the church, and went down to Antioch.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And going down to Caesarea, he went up to Jerusalem, and saluted the church, and so came down to Antioch.

Darby Bible Translation
And landing at Caesarea, and having gone up and saluted the assembly, he went down to Antioch.

English Revised Version
And when he had landed at Caesarea, he went up and saluted the church, and went down to Antioch.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when he had landed at Cesarea, and gone up and saluted the church, he went down to Antioch.

Weymouth New Testament
Landing at Caesarea, he went up to Jerusalem and inquired after the welfare of the Church, and then went down to Antioch.

World English Bible
When he had landed at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the assembly, and went down to Antioch.

Young's Literal Translation
and having come down to Caesarea, having gone up, and having saluted the assembly, he went down to Antioch.
Study Bible
Paul Returns to Antioch
21But as he left, he said, “I will come back to you again if God is willing.” And he set sail from Ephesus. 22When Paul had landed at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the church at Jerusalem. Then he went down to Antioch. 23After Paul had spent some time in Antioch, he traveled from place to place throughout the region of Galatia and Phrygia, strengthening all the disciples.…
Cross References
Acts 8:40
But Philip appeared at Azotus and traveled through that region, preaching the gospel in all the towns until he came to Caesarea.

Acts 11:19
Meanwhile, those scattered by the persecution that began with Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, speaking the message only to Jews.

Acts 11:20
But some of them, men from Cyprus and Cyrene, went to Antioch and began speaking to the Greeks as well, proclaiming the good news about the Lord Jesus.

Acts 11:22
When news of this reached the ears of the church in Jerusalem, they sent Barnabas to Antioch.

Acts 11:27
In those days some prophets came down from Jerusalem to Antioch.
Treasury of Scripture

And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up, and saluted the church, he went down to Antioch.

Caesarea.

Acts 8:40 But Philip was found at Azotus: and passing through he preached in …

Acts 10:1,24 There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion …

Acts 11:11 And, behold, immediately there were three men already come to the …

Acts 18:22 And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up, and saluted the …

Acts 23:23 And he called to him two centurions, saying, Make ready two hundred …

gone.

Acts 25:1,9 Now when Festus was come into the province, after three days he ascended …

the church.

Acts 18:21 But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast …

Acts 11:22 Then tidings of these things came to the ears of the church which …

Acts 15:4 And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, …

Acts 21:17-19 And when we were come to Jerusalem, the brothers received us gladly…

he went.

Acts 11:19-27 Now they which were scattered abroad on the persecution that arose …

Acts 13:1 Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets …

Acts 14:26 And there sailed to Antioch, from where they had been recommended …

Acts 15:23,30,35 And they wrote letters by them after this manner…

(22) And when he had landed at Csarea.--It is obvious that a great deal is covered by the short record of this verse. In the absence of any data in the Acts for settling the question, we may possibly refer to some casualty in this voyage, one of the three shipwrecks of 2Corinthians 11:25. At Csarea, we may believe, he would probably renew his intercourse with Philip the Evangelist. At Jerusalem there would be the usual gathering of the Church, the completion of his Nazarite vow in the Temple, a friendly welcome on the part of St. James and the elders of the Church. Peter was probably at Antioch (Galatians 2:11), or possibly at Babylon (1Peter 5:13). To this visit to Antioch we may probably refer the scene which St. Paul narrates in Galatians 2:11-14. His long absence from Antioch had left the Judaising party time to gather strength and organise a new attack on the freedom of the Gentiles, and they brought a fresh pressure to bear upon the element of instability which still lingered in St. Peter's character, and he had not been able to resist it. It is, however, possible that the incident may have occurred before Paul and Silas had left Antioch. (See Note on Acts 15:39-40.)

Verse 22. - He went up for and gone up, A. g.; and went for he went, A.V. When he had landed at Caesarea; i.e. Caesarea Stratonis, or Sebaste, or Παραλιός, as it was variously called, to distinguish it from Caesarea Philippi (see Acts 8:40; Acts 9:30; Acts 10:1, etc., and frequently elsewhere in the Acts). "Caesarea, whither probably the vessel was bound, was the military capital of the Roman province of Judea, of which Felix was at this time procurator. It was also the harbor by which all travelers from the West approached it, and from whence roads led to Egypt on the south, to Tyre and Sidon and Antioch on the north, and eastward to Nablous and Jerusalem and the Jordan" (Howson, 1:455). He went up and saluted the Church; meaning, without any doubt, he went up to Jerusalem, as both the word ἀναβὰς, and the object of his-going up, "to salute the Church," conclusively show. For ἀναβαίνω, whether coupled with εἰς Ἱεροσόλυμα as in Matthew 20:17, 18, or standing alone as in John 7:8, 10, and John 12:20, is the regular word for going up to Jerusalem (see Acts 11:2; Acts 15:2; Acts 21:12, 15; Acts 24:11; Acts 25:1, 9); and ἡ ἐκκλησία, the Church, which Paul went to salute, can mean nothing but the mother Church of Jerusalem. No doubt he was received officially by the apostles, represented by James and the elders and the Church, as in Acts 15:4; and gave a formal account of the result of his second missionary journey, and of the great event of the introduction of the gospel into Macedonia and Achaia. It is a remarkable example of St. Luke's great brevity at times that this is the only notice of his arrival at Jerusalem, where his vow was to be fulfilled. Went down to Antioch; from whence he had started with Silas, after his separation from Barnabas, some three years before, "being recommended by the brethren to the grace of God" (Acts 16:40; comp. Acts 14:26, 27; Acts 15:30). And when he had landed at Caesarea,.... This was Caesarea Stratonis, formerly called Strato's tower: it would have been nearest for the apostle to have landed at Joppa, in order to go to Jerusalem, but that haven was a dangerous one; this was the safest, and which therefore Herod had repaired at a vast expense, and in honour of Caesar had called it by this name: of the port at Caesarea, and what a convenient and commodious one, as it was made by Herod, Josephus (i) gives a particular account, and who often calls this place Caesarea, "Caesarea by the sea" (k); and in other Jewish (l) writings mention is made of this place as a sea port, and of , "the shore of the sea of Caesarea": Josephus (m) sometimes calls it the port Sebastus, or Augustus, it being, as before observed, made by Herod, and so called in honour of Augustus Caesar; and in another place (n), Sebastus the port of Caesarea: according to Jerom (o), or a writer under his name, this was neither Caesarea Philippi, which indeed it could not be, that being an inland town; nor Caesarea formerly called Strato's tower, but a third Caesarea, the metropolis of Cappadocia: in which he must be mistaken, seeing that was no sea port, and the apostle could not be said to land there; nor did it lie in the way to Jerusalem from Ephesus; but this city was in Phenice, and lay between Joppa and Dora; which cities were maritime ones, but very disagreeable havens, because of the vehement strong winds from Africa: which rolling up the sand out of the sea upon the shore, would not admit of a quiet station (p); wherefore the apostle chose to land here, and not at either of the said ports;

and gone up; not to Caesarea, but to Jerusalem, from thence, which lay higher; and going to and from these places, is signified by a going up and down, Acts 9:30. Moreover, the apostle had told the Ephesians, that he must go and keep the feast in Jerusalem, as he undoubtedly did: and yet if this does not refer to his going up thither, it will not be easy to observe that he went thither at all before his return to Ephesus; and besides, to suppose him to go from Caesarea to Antioch, was all one as to go back to Ephesus; and so to go, as one observes, by the same place to Jerusalem, into which he promised, in his return from Jerusalem, to come again, if God would:

and saluted the church; at Jerusalem, the mother church:

he went down to Antioch; in Syria, from whence he first set out.

(i) Antiqu. l. 15. c. 9. sect. 6. & de Bello Jud. l. 1. c. 21. sect. 5, 6, 7. (k) Ib. de Bello l. 1. c. 3. sect. 5. & l. 3. c. 8. sect. 1. & l. 7. c. 1. sect. 3. c. 2. sect. 1.((l) Midrash Kohelet, fol. 71. 4. & 82. 2.((m) Antiqu. l. 17. c. 5. sect. 1.((n) De Bello Jud. l. 1. c. 31. sect. 3.((o) De locis Hebraicis, fol. 96. A. (p) Joseph. Antiqu. l. 15. c. 9. sect. 6. 22. And when he had landed at Cæsarea—where he left the vessel.

and gone up—that is, to Jerusalem.

and saluted the church—In these few words does the historian despatch the apostle's FOURTH VISIT TO Jerusalem after his conversion. The expression "going up" is invariably used of a journey to the metropolis; and thence he naturally "went down to Antioch." Perhaps the vessel reached too late for the feast, as he seems to have done nothing in Jerusalem beyond "saluting the Church," and privately offering the sacrifice with which his vow (Ac 18:18) would conclude. It is left to be understood, as on his arrival from his first missionary tour, that "when he was come, and had gathered the church together, he rehearsed all that God had done with him" (Ac 14:27) on this his second missionary journey.18:18-23 While Paul found he laboured not in vain, he continued labouring. Our times are in God's hand; we purpose, but he disposes; therefore we must make all promises with submission to the will of God; not only if providence permits, but if God does not otherwise direct our motions. A very good refreshment it is to a faithful minister, to have for awhile the society of his brethren. Disciples are compassed about with infirmity; ministers must do what they can to strengthen them, by directing them to Christ, who is their Strength. Let us earnestly seek, in our several places, to promote the cause of Christ, forming plans that appear to us most proper, but relying on the Lord to bring them to pass if he sees good.
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