2 Samuel 8:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Metheg Ammah from the control of the Philistines.

New Living Translation
After this, David defeated and subdued the Philistines by conquering Gath, their largest town.

English Standard Version
After this David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

New American Standard Bible
Now after this it came about that David defeated the Philistines and subdued them; and David took control of the chief city from the hand of the Philistines.

King James Bible
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

Christian Standard Bible
After this, David defeated the Philistines, subdued them, and took Metheg-ammah from Philistine control.

Contemporary English Version
Later, David attacked and badly defeated the Philistines. Israel was now free from their control.

Good News Translation
Some time later King David attacked the Philistines again, defeated them, and ended their control over the land.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After this, David defeated the Philistines, subdued them, and took Metheg-ammah from Philistine control.

International Standard Version
Sometime later, David defeated and subdued the Philistines, taking Metheg-ammah away from the Philistines.

NET Bible
Later David defeated the Philistines and subdued them. David took Metheg Ammah from the Philistines.

New Heart English Bible
After this it happened that David struck the Philistines, and subdued them, and David took Metheg Ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After this, David defeated and crushed the Philistines. He took control of the main Philistine city from them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them; and David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

New American Standard 1977
Now after this it came about that David defeated the Philistines and subdued them; and David took control of the chief city from the hand of the Philistines.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And after this it, came to pass that David smote the Philistines and subdued them, and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

King James 2000 Bible
And after this it came to pass, that David struck the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

American King James Version
And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

American Standard Version
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took the bridle of the mother city out of the hand of the Philistines.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it came to pass after this that David defeated the Philistines, and brought them down, and David took the bridle of tribute out of the hand of the Philistines.

Darby Bible Translation
And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them; and David took the power of the capital out of the hand of the Philistines.

English Revised Version
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took the bridle of the mother city out of the hand of the Philistines.

Webster's Bible Translation
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

World English Bible
After this it happened that David struck the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took the bridle of the mother city out of the hand of the Philistines.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass afterwards that David smiteth the Philistines, and humbleth them, and David taketh the bridle of the metropolis out of the hand of the Philistines.
Study Bible
David's Triumphs
1Now after this it came about that David defeated the Philistines and subdued them; and David took control of the chief city from the hand of the Philistines. 2He defeated Moab, and measured them with the line, making them lie down on the ground; and he measured two lines to put to death and one full line to keep alive. And the Moabites became servants to David, bringing tribute.…
Cross References
Hebrews 11:33
who through faith conquered kingdoms, administered justice, and obtained what was promised; who shut the mouths of lions,

Hebrews 11:34
quenched the raging fire, and escaped the edge of the sword; who gained strength from weakness, became mighty in battle, and put foreign armies to flight.

2 Samuel 19:9
All the people were quarreling throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, "The king delivered us from the hand of our enemies and saved us from the hand of the Philistines, but now he has fled out of the land from Absalom.

2 Samuel 22:44
"You have also delivered me from the contentions of my people; You have kept me as head of the nations; A people whom I have not known serve me.

1 Chronicles 18:1
Now after this it came about that David defeated the Philistines and subdued them and took Gath and its towns from the hand of the Philistines.

Psalm 18:43
You have delivered me from the contentions of the people; You have placed me as head of the nations; A people whom I have not known serve me.

Psalm 60:8
"Moab is My washbowl; Over Edom I shall throw My shoe; Shout loud, O Philistia, because of Me!"
Treasury of Scripture

And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

A.M.

2 Samuel 7:9 And I was with you wherever you went, and have cut off all your enemies …

2 Samuel 21:15-22 Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David …

Metheg-ammah. or, the bridle of Ammah

2 Samuel 2:24 Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down …

1 Chronicles 18:1 Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, …

Gath In the parallel passage of Chronicles, we read, `David took Gath and her towns;' and it is probable, that Gath and its districts were called {Metheg-ammah} in David's time; which, being unusual or becoming obsolete, in the time of the author of the Chronicles, led him thus to explain it.

(1) Subdued them.--In its connection this implies not merely the victory of a single battle, but the reversal of the former relation of the Philistines to Israel, and their reduction to a condition of inferiority and tribute.

Took Metheg-ammah.--No place of this name is known. The first word means bridle, and the other is probably, although not certainly, a derivation from the word mother, and has the sense metropolis. The translation will then be, took the bridle (i.e., the key) of the metropolis, and this seems sustained by the parallel phrase in 1Chronicles 18:1, "took Gath and her towns (lit daughters)." Gath appears to have been already the principal among the five Philistine cities (1Samuel 27:2), and with the rest of the country remained tributary to Solomon (1Kings 4:21; 1Kings 4:24).

Verse 1. - David smote the Philistines. In the previous chapter we have seen that the empire of David not only marked an era in the development of Israel nationally, but was also the reaching of a new stage in the preparation for the advent of the Messiah; and we saw that without this the development of prophecy would have been impossible, and the people have remained unfit for the high mission to which they were called as the witnesses to the unity of Cod. We have in this chapter a brief summary of the wars which raised Israel from the position of a struggling and oppressed race to the possession of widespread empire. With this narrative the first history of David ends, and in the subsequent narratives many of the events referred to here are more fully detailed, and given with additional incidents. David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines. Metheg-ammah means "the bridle of the mother city." We learn from the parallel place (1 Chronicles 18:1) that the city of Gath is meant by this phrase. Gath was at this time the metropolis of Philistia, and had reduced the other four chief towns to a state of vassalage. Thus by taking Gath, his old city of refuge (1 Samuel 27:2), David acquired also the supremacy which she had previously exercised over the whole country, and by placing a strong garrison there, as previously the Philistines had done in the towns of Israel, he kept that martial race in awe. It denotes great progress in the arts of war that David could besiege and capture a town so strong as Gath. And after this it came to pass,.... After David had rest from his enemies for a time, and after the conversation he had had with Nathan about building the house of God, and after the message sent to him from the Lord by that prophet, forbidding him to build, and David's prayer to the Lord upon it, the following events happened; and which are recorded to show that David's rest from his enemies did not last long, and that he had other work to do than to build the house of God:

that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them; these had been long and implacable enemies of Israel; Samson began to weaken them in his days; a war was waged between them and Israel in the times of Samuel and Saul, and the battle sometimes went on one side and sometimes on the other; but now David made an entire conquest of them: before they had used to come into the land of Israel, and there fight with Israel, but now David entered into their land, and took it from them:

and David took Methegammah out of the hands of the Philistines; the name of a province in Palestine, and from the parallel place in 1 Chronicles 18:1, it appears to be Gath, and its adjacent towns; but why that was called the bridle of Ammah, or the bridle of a cubit, as it may be rendered, is not easy to say. The conjecture of Kimchi is, that there was a pool or river of water, so Ammah is thought to signify; and Aquila renders it a water course, which passed through the city, having been brought from without it into it, the communication of which from place to place it may be David cut off, by stopping or turning its stream; but interpreters more generally suppose that Gath was built upon an hill called Ammah, see 2 Samuel 2:24; thought to be the same with the Amgaris of Pliny (d) though that is sometimes read Angaris, a mountain he places in Palestine; and that it was called Metheg, a bridle, because being a frontier city, and being very strong and powerful, erected into a kingdom, it was a curb and bridle upon the Israelites; but now David taking it out of their hands, opened his way for the more easy subduing the rest of their country: or the word may be rendered Metheg and her mother, that is, Gath, the metropolis, since that and her daughters, or towns, are said to be taken, 1 Chronicles 18:1; and Metheg might be one of them.

(d) Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 13. CHAPTER 8

2Sa 8:1, 2. David Subdues the Philistines, and Makes the Moabites Tributary.

1. David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines—that is, Gath and her suburban towns (1Ch 18:1). That town had been "a bridle" by which the Philistines kept the people of Judah in check. David used it now as a barrier to repress that restless enemy.8:1-8. David subdued the Philistines. They had long been troublesome to Israel. And after the long and frequent struggles the saints have with the powers of darkness, like Israel with the Philistines, the Son of David shall tread them all under foot, and make the saints more than conquerors. He smote the Moabites, and made them tributaries to Israel. Two parts he destroyed, the third part he spared. The line that was to keep alive, though it was but one, is ordered to be a full line. Let the line of mercy be stretched to the utmost. He smote the Syrians. In all these wars David was protected, for this in his psalms he often gives glory to God.
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Alphabetical: about after Ammah and came chief city control course David defeated from hand he In it Metheg Now of Philistines subdued that the them this time took

OT History: 2 Samuel 8:1 After this it happened that David struck (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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