1 Samuel 27:2
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New International Version
So David and the six hundred men with him left and went over to Achish son of Maok king of Gath.

New Living Translation
So David took his 600 men and went over and joined Achish son of Maoch, the king of Gath.

English Standard Version
So David arose and went over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

New American Standard Bible
So David arose and crossed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

King James Bible
And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So David set out with his 600 men and went to Achish son of Maoch, the king of Gath.

International Standard Version
So David got up, and he and the 600 men who were with him went to Maoch's son Achish, the king of Gath.

NET Bible
So David left and crossed over to King Achish son of Maoch of Gath accompanied by his six hundred men.

New Heart English Bible
David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So David went with his 600 men to King Achish of Gath, Moach's son.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men that were with him, unto Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

New American Standard 1977
So David arose and crossed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And David arose, and he went over with the six hundred men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

King James 2000 Bible
And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

American King James Version
And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him to Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

American Standard Version
And David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men that were with him, unto Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David arose and went away, both he and the six hundred men that were with him, to Achis the son of Maoch, king of Geth.

Darby Bible Translation
And David arose and passed over, he and the six hundred men that were with him, to Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

English Revised Version
And David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men that were with him, unto Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Webster's Bible Translation
And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him to Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

World English Bible
David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Young's Literal Translation
And David riseth, and passeth over, he and six hundred men who are with him, unto Achish son of Maoch king of Gath;
Study Bible
David and the Philistines
1Then David said to himself, "Now I will perish one day by the hand of Saul. There is nothing better for me than to escape into the land of the Philistines. Saul then will despair of searching for me anymore in all the territory of Israel, and I will escape from his hand." 2So David arose and crossed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath. 3And David lived with Achish at Gath, he and his men, each with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's widow.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 21:10
Then David arose and fled that day from Saul, and went to Achish king of Gath.

1 Samuel 25:13
David said to his men, "Each of you gird on his sword." So each man girded on his sword. And David also girded on his sword, and about four hundred men went up behind David while two hundred stayed with the baggage.

1 Samuel 30:9
So David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those left behind remained.

1 Kings 2:39
But it came about at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away to Achish son of Maacah, king of Gath. And they told Shimei, saying, "Behold, your servants are in Gath."

1 Chronicles 12:1
Now these are the ones who came to David at Ziklag, while he was still restricted because of Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men who helped him in war.
Treasury of Scripture

And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him to Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

David This measure of David's, in uniting himself to the enemies of his God and people, was highly blameable; was calculated to alienate the affections of the israelites; and led to equivocation, if not downright falsehood.

the six

1 Samuel 25:13 And David said to his men, Gird you on every man his sword. And they …

1 Samuel 30:8 And David inquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this …

Achish

1 Samuel 21:10 And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish …

1 Kings 2:40 And Shimei arose, and saddled his donkey, and went to Gath to Achish …

(2) The six hundred men.--This was the original number. They still formed the nucleus of the force, but the total number was now far larger. These "six hundred" had each their households, besides which, many a group of warriors, large and small, had already joined the now renowned standard of the future king.

Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.--The same, we believe, as that Achish to whom David fled before (see 1Samuel 21:11), and identical with Achish, son of Maachah (1Kings 2:39). This would involve the necessity of ascribing a fifty years' reign to this prince. (Such a lengthy reign is quite possible.) The whole of Philistia subsequently fell under King David's rule. It seems, however, that he permitted, even after the conquest, Achish to remain in his old city of Gath, most likely as his tributary: thus, we may suppose, paying back the old debt of kindness to Achish.

Verses 2-4. - Achish, the son of Maoch. No doubt the Achish of 1 Samuel 21:10; but if the same as Achish, son of Maachah, in 1 Kings 2:39, as is probably the case, he must have lived to a good old age. As it is said in 1 Chronicles 18:1 that David conquered the Philistines, and took from them Gath and other towns, it would seem that he still permitted Achish to remain there as a tributary king, while Ziklag he kept as his private property (ver. 6). On the former occasion,. when David was alone, Achish had paid him but scant courtesy; but now that he came with 600 warriors, each with his household, and, therefore, with numerous followers, he shows him every respect, and for the time David and his men settle at Gath, and Saul gives over his pursuit, knowing that if he followed him into Philistine territory he would provoke a war, for which he was not now prepared. It has been pointed out that David probably introduced from Gath the style of music called Gittith (Psalm 8, 81, 84, titles). ACHISH ASSIGNS ZIKLAG TO DAVID AS A RESIDENCE (vers. 5-7). And David arose,.... From the place where he was:

and he passed over; the borders of land of Canaan:

with the six hundred men that were with him; having neither lost any, nor had any added to him, since he was at Keilah, 1 Samuel 23:13,

unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath; whether this was the same Achish David was with before, 1 Samuel 21:10, is not certain; it seems as if he was not the same, since he is described as the son of Maoch, as if it was to distinguish him from him; though it is not improbable that he was the same person. Some think (a) that he is described not from his father, but from his mother, whose name was Maacha. The circumstances of David were now very much altered from what they were when he went to Gath before; then he went secretly, now openly; then as a person unknown, now as well known; then alone, now with six hundred men; then when discovered he was seized by the princes of Gath, and brought before the king, and was driven from his presence; but now he came either at the invitation of Achish, hearing how he had been treated by Saul, and thinking to attach him to his interest, and make him more and more the enemy of Saul, and so free himself from a very powerful one, and of whose wisdom and prudence, and military skill, and courage, and valour, he might hope to avail himself; or David sent an embassy to him, to treat with him about his coming into his country, and settlement in it, and terms to mutual satisfaction were agreed upon.

(a) Hieron. Trad. Heb, in 2 Reg. fol. 78. E. 2, 3. Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath—The popular description of this king's family creates a presumption that he was a different king from the reigning sovereign on David's first visit to Gath. Whether David had received a special invitation from him or a mere permission to enter his territories, cannot be determined. It is probable that the former was the case. From the universal notoriety given to the feud between Saul and David, which had now become irreconcilable, it might appear to Achish good policy to harbor him as a guest, and so the better pave the way for the hostile measures against Israel which the Philistines were at this time meditating.27:1-7 Unbelief is a sin that easily besets even good men, when without are fightings, and within are fears; and it is a hard matter to get over them. Lord, increase our faith! We may blush to think that the word of a Philistine should go further than the word of an Israelite, and that the city of Gath should be a place of refuge for a good man, when the cities of Israel refuse him a safe abode. David gained a comfortable settlement, not only at a distance from Gath, but bordering upon Israel, where he might keep up a correspondence with his own countrymen.
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