1 Samuel 29:2
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New International Version
As the Philistine rulers marched with their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men were marching at the rear with Achish.

New Living Translation
As the Philistine rulers were leading out their troops in groups of hundreds and thousands, David and his men marched at the rear with King Achish.

English Standard Version
As the lords of the Philistines were passing on by hundreds and by thousands, and David and his men were passing on in the rear with Achish,

New American Standard Bible
And the lords of the Philistines were proceeding on by hundreds and by thousands, and David and his men were proceeding on in the rear with Achish.

King James Bible
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish.

Christian Standard Bible
As the Philistine leaders were passing in review with their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men were passing in review behind them with Achish.

Good News Translation
The five Philistine kings marched out with their units of a hundred and of a thousand men; David and his men marched in the rear with King Achish.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
As the Philistine leaders were passing in review with their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men were passing in review behind them with Achish.

International Standard Version
The Philistine leaders were passing in review among the military units, and David and his men were among them in the rear with Achish.

NET Bible
When the leaders of the Philistines were passing in review at the head of their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men were passing in review in the rear with Achish.

New Heart English Bible
The lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Philistine leaders were marching by with their companies and regiments. David and his men were marching in the rear with Achish.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.

New American Standard 1977
And the lords of the Philistines were proceeding on by hundreds and by thousands, and David and his men were proceeding on in the rear with Achish.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And as the cardinals of the Philistines reviewed their companies of hundreds and of thousands, David and his men were in the rear with Achish.

King James 2000 Bible
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish.

American King James Version
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rear guard with Achish.

American Standard Version
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the lords of the Philistines marched with their hundreds and their thousands: but David and his men were in the rear with Achis.

Darby Bible Translation
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.

English Revised Version
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish.

World English Bible
The lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish.

Young's Literal Translation
and the princes of the Philistines are passing on by hundreds, and by thousands, and David and his men are passing on in the rear with Achish.
Study Bible
The Philistines Reject David
1Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek, while the Israelites were camping by the spring which is in Jezreel. 2And the lords of the Philistines were proceeding on by hundreds and by thousands, and David and his men were proceeding on in the rear with Achish. 3Then the commanders of the Philistines said, "What are these Hebrews doing here?" And Achish said to the commanders of the Philistines, "Is this not David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, who has been with me these days, or rather these years, and I have found no fault in him from the day he deserted to me to this day?"…
Cross References
Numbers 10:25
Then the standard of the camp of the sons of Dan, according to their armies, which formed the rear guard for all the camps, set out, with Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai over its army,

1 Samuel 28:1
Now it came about in those days that the Philistines gathered their armed camps for war, to fight against Israel. And Achish said to David, "Know assuredly that you will go out with me in the camp, you and your men."

1 Samuel 28:2
David said to Achish, "Very well, you shall know what your servant can do." So Achish said to David, "Very well, I will make you my bodyguard for life."

1 Chronicles 12:19
From Manasseh also some defected to David when he was about to go to battle with the Philistines against Saul. But they did not help them, for the lords of the Philistines after consultation sent him away, saying, "At the cost of our heads he may defect to his master Saul."
Treasury of Scripture

And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rear guard with Achish.

the lords

1 Samuel 29:6,7 Then Achish called David, and said to him, Surely, as the LORD lives, …

1 Samuel 5:8-11 They sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the Philistines …

1 Samuel 6:4 Then said they, What shall be the trespass offering which we shall …

Joshua 13:3 From Sihor, which is before Egypt, even to the borders of Ekron northward, …

but David

1 Samuel 28:1,2 And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered …

(2) And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands.--The orderly advance of this great military nation is thus described. The "lords" a different term to the expression "princes." There were apparently in the Philistine federation five sovereign princes, of whom Achish of Gath was one. Beneath these were other chieftains, who seemingly had great control over the sovereign princes.

David and his men.--David, in return for the lands round Ziklag given him by the King of Gath, seems to have owed a kind of military service to his suzerain Achish. The difference in the arms and equipment of the Israelitish warriors in the division of David, which was marching under the standard of Gath, no doubt excited questions. The general appearance of the Hebrews was, of course, well known to their hereditary Philistine foes.

Verses 2, 3. - The lords of the Philistines passed on. Evidently they were on their march northward, with their troops arranged in divisions, when David's presence in the rearward with the contingent of Achish was noticed. The princes - not the strict word for the Philistine lords (see on 1 Samuel 5:8), but a loose, general term used again in ver. 4 - on having it reported to them in the course of a day or two that there was a body of strange troops in the army of Gath, asked, What do these Hebrews here? Hebrew, "What these Hebrews?" i.e. What mean these Hebrews? using of them the ordinary Philistine term of contempt. Achish answers that these men were the followers of David, who, having deserted from Saul, had been with him these days or these years, i.e. an indefinitely long time, during which he had conducted himself with the utmost fidelity to his new master. And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands,.... Not that there were so many lords, for there were but five of them; but these marched, some at the head of hundreds with them, and others at the head of thousands:

but David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish; who being the generalissimo brought up the rear, and David, whom he had appointed captain of his bodyguards, attended him with his men, which in point of gratitude he could not refuse; and yet was in the greatest strait and difficulty how to act, it being both against his conscience and his interest to fight against Israel, and was waiting and hoping for some appearance of Providence to deliver him out of this dilemma, and which was quickly seen; but Abarbinel thinks David had no other notion in going to the battle, but of being the bodyguard of Achish, and accompanying him, and that he should not fight against Israel, nor for the Philistines: neither harm the one, nor help the other. 2. David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish—as the commander of the lifeguards of Achish, who was general of this invading army of the Philistines.29:1-5 David waited with a secret hope that the Lord would help him out of his difficulty. But he seems to have been influenced too much by the fear of man, in consenting to attend Achish. It is hard to come near to the brink of sin, and not to fall in. God inclined the princes of the Philistines to oppose David's being employed in the battle. Thus their dislike befriended him, when no friend could do him such a kindness.
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OT History: 1 Samuel 29:2 The lords of the Philistines passed (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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