1 Samuel 29:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The Philistines gathered all their forces at Aphek, and Israel camped by the spring in Jezreel.

New Living Translation
The entire Philistine army now mobilized at Aphek, and the Israelites camped at the spring in Jezreel.

English Standard Version
Now the Philistines had gathered all their forces at Aphek. And the Israelites were encamped by the spring that is in Jezreel.

New American Standard Bible
Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek, while the Israelites were camping by the spring which is in Jezreel.

King James Bible
Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Philistines brought all their military units together at Aphek while Israel was camped by the spring in Jezreel.

International Standard Version
The Philistines gathered all their troops at Aphek, while Israel was camped at the spring in Jezreel.

NET Bible
The Philistines assembled all their troops at Aphek, while Israel camped at the spring that is in Jezreel.

New Heart English Bible
Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites camped by the spring which is in Jezreel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Philistines assembled their whole army at Aphek, and Israel camped at the spring in Jezreel.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now the Philistines gathered together all their hosts to Aphek; and the Israelites pitched by the fountain which is in Jezreel.

New American Standard 1977
Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek, while the Israelites were camping by the spring which is in Jezreel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now the Philistines gathered together all their camps to Aphek, and the Israelites pitched camp by a fountain which is in Jezreel. {Heb. God scatters}

King James 2000 Bible
Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites encamped by a fountain which is in Jezreel.

American King James Version
Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel.

American Standard Version
Now the Philistines gathered together all their hosts to Aphek: and the Israelites encamped by the fountain which is in Jezreel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now all the troops of the Philistines were gathered together to Aphec: and Israel also camped by the fountain which is in Jezrahel.

Darby Bible Translation
And the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek; and Israel encamped by the spring that is in Jizreel.

English Revised Version
Now the Philistines gathered together all their hosts to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by the fountain which is in Jezreel.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now the Philistines collected all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites encamped by a fountain which is in Jezreel.

World English Bible
Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites encamped by the spring which is in Jezreel.

Young's Literal Translation
And the Philistines gather all their camps to Aphek, and the Israelites are encamping at a fountain which is in Jezreel,
Study Bible
The Philistines Reject David
1Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek, while the Israelites were camping by the spring which is in Jezreel. 2And the lords of the Philistines were proceeding on by hundreds and by thousands, and David and his men were proceeding on in the rear with Achish.…
Cross References
Joshua 12:18
the king of Aphek, one; the king of Lasharon, one;

Joshua 19:30
Included also were Ummah, and Aphek and Rehob; twenty-two cities with their villages.

1 Samuel 4:1
Thus the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out to meet the Philistines in battle and camped beside Ebenezer while the Philistines camped in Aphek.

1 Samuel 28:1
Now it came about in those days that the Philistines gathered their armed camps for war, to fight against Israel. And Achish said to David, "Know assuredly that you will go out with me in the camp, you and your men."

1 Samuel 28:25
She brought it before Saul and his servants, and they ate. Then they arose and went away that night.

2 Samuel 2:9
He made him king over Gilead, over the Ashurites, over Jezreel, over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, even over all Israel.

2 Samuel 5:17
When the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines went up to seek out David; and when David heard of it, he went down to the stronghold.

1 Kings 20:30
But the rest fled to Aphek into the city, and the wall fell on 27,000 men who were left. And Ben-hadad fled and came into the city into an inner chamber.

1 Kings 21:1
Now it came about after these things that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard which was in Jezreel beside the palace of Ahab king of Samaria.

2 Kings 9:30
When Jehu came to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it, and she painted her eyes and adorned her head and looked out the window.
Treasury of Scripture

Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel.

the Philistines

1 Samuel 28:1,2 And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered …

Aphek

1 Samuel 4:1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against …

Joshua 19:30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.

1 Kings 20:30 But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and there a wall fell …

Jezreel

1 Samuel 28:4 And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched …

Joshua 19:18 And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

Judges 6:33 Then all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the children of the …

1 Kings 18:45,46 And it came to pass in the mean while, that the heaven was black …

1 Kings 21:1,23 And it came to pass after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite …

2 Kings 9:36 Why they came again, and told him. And he said, This is the word …

Hosea 1:4-11 And the LORD said to him, Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little …

(1) Aphek.--The name Aphek was a common one, and was given to several "places of arms" in Canaan. It signifies a fort or a strong place. This Aphek was most likely situated in the Plain of Jezreel. Eusebius places it in the neighbourhood of En-dor.

By a fountain which is in Jezreel.--"By a fountain." The LXX. wrongly adds "dor," supposing the spring or fountain to be the well-known En-dor--spring of Dor--but En-dor, we know, lay many miles away from the camp of Saul. This "fountain" has been identified by modern travellers as Ain-Jald, the Fountain of Goliath, because it was traditionally regarded as the scene of the old combat with the giant. It is a large spring which flows from under the cavern in the rock which forms the base of Gilboa. "There is every reason to regard this as the ancient fountain of Jezreel, where Saul and Jonathan pitched before their last fatal battle, and where, too, in the days of the Crusades, Saladin and the Christians successively encamped."--Robinson, Palestine, 3:167, 8.

Verse 1. - The Philistines gathered, etc. The narrative, broken off for the description of Saul's abasement, is again resumed from 1 Samuel 28:1. Aphek. As we saw on 1 Samuel 4:1, this word, signifying a fortress, is a very common name for places. If it was the Aphek in Judah there mentioned, David's dismissal would have taken place near Gath, and so soon after Achish joined the Philistine army. Mr. Conder thinks it was the place represented by the modern village Fuku'a, near Mount Gilboa, in the tribe of Issachar; but as this was distant from Ziklag eighty or ninety miles, it would not have been possible for David to have reached home thence on the third day (1 Samuel 30:1), nor was it probable that his presence with his little army would remain long unnoticed. A fountain which is in Jezreel. Hebrew, "the fountain." Conder says, "Crossing the valley we see before us the site of Jezreel, on a knoll 500 feet high. The position is very peculiar, for whilst on the north and northeast the slopes are steep and rugged, on the south the ascent is very gradual, and the traveller coming northward is astonished to look down suddenly on the valley with its two springs: one, 'Ain Jalud, welling out from a conglomerate cliff, and forming a pool 100 yards long with muddy borders; the other, the Crusaders' fountain of Tubania" ('Tent-Work,' 1:124). The former is the fountain mentioned here; and it is evident that even now Saul had chosen a strong position for his army. The reading of the Septuagint, En-dor instead of "the fountain" (Hebrew, En, or Ain), is indefensible, as the Israelites were many miles to the southward. Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek,.... Not the city in the tribe of Judah of that name, Joshua 15:53; where the Philistines had a camp in the time of Samuel, 1 Samuel 4:1; but rather that in the tribe of Asher, Joshua 19:30; unless there was one of this name in the tribe of Issachar, not mentioned, since it seems to have been near Jezreel and Shunem, which were both in that tribe, Joshua 19:18,

and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel; in the valley of Jezreel; of which See Gill on Joshua 19:18 and See Gill on Hosea 1:5. CHAPTER 29

1Sa 29:1-5. David Marching with the Philistines to Fight with Israel.

1. Aphek—(Jos 12:8), in the tribe of Issachar, and in the plain of Esdraelon. A person who compares the Bible account of Saul's last battle with the Philistines, with the region around Gilboa, has the same sort of evidence that the account relates what is true, that a person would have that such a battle as Waterloo really took place. Gilboa, Jezreel, Shunem, En-dor, are all found, still bearing the same names. They lie within sight of each other. Aphek is the only one of the cluster not yet identified. Jezreel on the northern slope of Gilboa, and at the distance of twenty minutes to the east, is a large fountain, and a smaller one still nearer; just the position which a chieftain would select, both on account of its elevation and the supply of water needed for his troops [Hackett, Scripture Illustrated].29:1-5 David waited with a secret hope that the Lord would help him out of his difficulty. But he seems to have been influenced too much by the fear of man, in consenting to attend Achish. It is hard to come near to the brink of sin, and not to fall in. God inclined the princes of the Philistines to oppose David's being employed in the battle. Thus their dislike befriended him, when no friend could do him such a kindness.
Jump to Previous
Aphek Armies Army Camped Camping Camps Collected Encamped Encamping Hosts Israel Israelites Jezreel Jizreel Philistines Pitched Spring Together
Jump to Next
Aphek Armies Army Camped Camping Camps Collected Encamped Encamping Hosts Israel Israelites Jezreel Jizreel Philistines Pitched Spring Together
Links
1 Samuel 29:1 NIV
1 Samuel 29:1 NLT
1 Samuel 29:1 ESV
1 Samuel 29:1 NASB
1 Samuel 29:1 KJV

1 Samuel 29:1 Biblia Paralela
1 Samuel 29:1 Chinese Bible
1 Samuel 29:1 French Bible
1 Samuel 29:1 German Bible

Alphabetical: all and Aphek armies at by camped camping forces gathered in is Israel Israelites Jezreel Now Philistines spring The their to together were which while

OT History: 1 Samuel 29:1 Now the Philistines gathered together all their (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
1 Samuel 28:25
Top of Page
Top of Page