1 Samuel 21:14
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Achish said to his servants, "Look at the man! He is insane! Why bring him to me?

New Living Translation
Finally, King Achish said to his men, "Must you bring me a madman?

English Standard Version
Then Achish said to his servants, “Behold, you see the man is mad. Why then have you brought him to me?

New American Standard Bible
Then Achish said to his servants, "Behold, you see the man behaving as a madman. Why do you bring him to me?

King James Bible
Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the man is mad: wherefore then have ye brought him to me?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"Look! You can see the man is crazy," Achish said to his servants. "Why did you bring him to me?

International Standard Version
Achish told his officials, "Look, you see a person acting like a madman. Why'd you bring him to me?

NET Bible
Achish said to his servants, "Look at this madman! Why did you bring him to me?

New Heart English Bible
Then Achish said to his servants, "Look, you see the man is mad. Why then have you brought him to me?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Achish said to his officers, "Look at him! Don't you see [that he's] insane? Why bring him to me?

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then said Achish unto his servants: 'Lo, when ye see a man that is mad, wherefore do ye bring him to me?

New American Standard 1977
Then Achish said to his servants, “Behold, you see the man behaving as a madman. Why do you bring him to me?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Achish said unto his slaves, Behold, ye see the man is mad; why then have ye brought him to me?

King James 2000 Bible
Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, you see the man is mad: why then have you brought him to me?

American King James Version
Then said Achish to his servants, See, you see the man is mad: why then have you brought him to me?

American Standard Version
Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the man is mad; wherefore then have ye brought him to me?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Achis said to his servants: You saw the man was mad: why have you brought him to me?

Darby Bible Translation
And Achish said to his servants, Behold, ye see the man is mad: why did ye bring him to me?

English Revised Version
Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the man is mad: wherefore then have ye brought him to me?

Webster's Bible Translation
Then said Achish to his servants, Lo, ye see the man is mad: why then have ye brought him to me?

World English Bible
Then Achish said to his servants, "Look, you see the man is mad. Why then have you brought him to me?

Young's Literal Translation
And Achish saith unto his servants, 'Lo, ye see a man acting as a madman; why do ye bring him in unto me?
Study Bible
David Flees to Gath
13So he disguised his sanity before them, and acted insanely in their hands, and scribbled on the doors of the gate, and let his saliva run down into his beard. 14Then Achish said to his servants, "Behold, you see the man behaving as a madman. Why do you bring him to me? 15"Do I lack madmen, that you have brought this one to act the madman in my presence? Shall this one come into my house?"…
Cross References
1 Samuel 21:13
So he disguised his sanity before them, and acted insanely in their hands, and scribbled on the doors of the gate, and let his saliva run down into his beard.

1 Samuel 21:15
"Do I lack madmen, that you have brought this one to act the madman in my presence? Shall this one come into my house?"
Treasury of Scripture

Then said Achish to his servants, See, you see the man is mad: why then have you brought him to me?

is mad. or, playeth the madman

Ecclesiastes 7:7 Surely oppression makes a wise man mad; and a gift destroys the heart.

(14) Then said Achish . . . the man is mad.--The Philistine king would look with peculiar sorrow and repulsion on a madman if, as according to Jewish tradition (see Philippson), his own wife and daughter were insane.

The device, however, succeeded, as David hoped it would, and he was suffered to depart in safety--nay, was even hurried out of the Philistine country. In old times, as now, in many parts of the East, the insane are looked upon as persons in some peculiar way possessed by, and therefore under the more immediate protection of, Deity. The life then of the hunted fugitive was perfectly safe from the moment the Philistines considered him mad.

There is a curious legend in the Talmud in which several events recorded in the Biblical account are confused. Part of it apparently refers to this strange choice of his of Phillstia as a place of refuge. "One day Satan appeared to him (David) in the shape of a gazelle, which, eluding his pursuit, decoyed him into the land of the Philistines. 'Ah!' said Ishbi-benob, when he caught sight of him, 'art thou the man that slew my brother, Goliath?' So saying, he seized and bound him."--Treatise Sanhedrin, fol. 95, cols 1, 2. The wild legend goes on to explain how, partly by miracle, partly with the aid of Abishai, David slew Ishbi-benob and escaped.

Verses 14, 15. - The man is mad. Achish supposes that David's madness was real, and "drove him away" (Psalm 34, title). Here we have only his contemptuous words, declaring that he had madmen enough of his own, and needed no more. As madmen were looked upon in old time as possessed by the Deity, and therefore as persons who must not be interfered with, they probably presumed upon the liberty granted them, and gave much annoyance. In my presence. Rather, "against me." Achish feared personal injury. Shall this fellow come into my house? A strong negative taking the form of a question. It means, David shall not enter into my service (comp. Psalm 34, title). The whole psalm bears witness to the deep perturbation of David's spirit, and helps to explain his strange conduct.



Then said Achish to his servants, lo, you see the man is mad,.... Which he said, as willing his servants should think so, and therefore rather the object of their pity than of their rage and malice; or as really believing he was so, which he and they might conclude not merely from these his actions, before described, which they might judge real and not feigned; but they might suppose this was truly his case, brought upon him by the ill usage of Saul, who pursuing him from place to place, and sending after him to take away his life, had really brought him to distraction; and this they might rather conclude from his coming to Gath, an enemy's country, and whose champion he had slain, and many others of them; which it might be thought no man in his senses would have done:

wherefore then have ye brought him to me? for if he was brought to be employed in his service, he seemed very unfit for it, whether in the camp, or in the court; and if to be tried and condemned as an enemy, since he was a madman, he was rather to be pitied. 21:10-15 God's persecuted people have often found better usage from Philistines than from Israelites. David had reason to put confidence in Achish, yet he began to be afraid. His conduct was degrading, and discovered wavering in his faith and courage. The more simply we depend on God, and obey him, the more comfortably and surely we shall walk through this troublesome world.
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