2 Samuel 8:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder;

New Living Translation
Joab son of Zeruiah was commander of the army. Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the royal historian.

English Standard Version
Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder,

New American Standard Bible
Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder.

King James Bible
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was court historian;

International Standard Version
Zeruiah's son Joab served in charge of the army, Ahilud's son Jehoshaphat was his personal archivist,

NET Bible
Joab son of Zeruiah was general in command of the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was secretary;

New Heart English Bible
Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Zeruiah's son Joab was in charge of the army. Ahilud's son Jehoshaphat was the royal historian.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

New American Standard 1977
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was over the host, and Jehoshaphat, the son of Ahilud, was the writer of chronicles;

King James 2000 Bible
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

American King James Version
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

American Standard Version
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Joab the son of Sarvia was over the army: and Josaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

Darby Bible Translation
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was chronicler;

English Revised Version
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

Webster's Bible Translation
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

World English Bible
Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

Young's Literal Translation
and Joab son of Zeruiah is over the host, and Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud is remembrancer,
Study Bible
David's Officers
15So David reigned over all Israel; and David administered justice and righteousness for all his people. 16Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder. 17Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were priests, and Seraiah was secretary.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 2:13
And Joab the son of Zeruiah and the servants of David went out and met them by the pool of Gibeon; and they sat down, one on the one side of the pool and the other on the other side of the pool.

2 Samuel 8:15
So David reigned over all Israel; and David administered justice and righteousness for all his people.

2 Samuel 19:13
"Say to Amasa, 'Are you not my bone and my flesh? May God do so to me, and more also, if you will not be commander of the army before me continually in place of Joab.'"

2 Samuel 20:23
Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites;

1 Kings 4:3
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha were secretaries; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

2 Kings 18:18
When they called to the king, Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebnah the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, came out to them.

2 Kings 18:37
Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn and told him the words of Rabshakeh.

1 Chronicles 11:6
Now David had said, "Whoever strikes down a Jebusite first shall be chief and commander." Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, so he became chief.
Treasury of Scripture

And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

Joab

2 Samuel 19:13 And say you to Amasa, Are you not of my bone, and of my flesh? God …

2 Samuel 20:23 Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of …

1 Chronicles 11:6 And David said, Whoever smites the Jebusites first shall be chief …

1 Chronicles 18:15-17 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the …

Jehoshaphat

1 Kings 4:3 Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the …

recorder. or, remembrancer, or writer of chronicles.

(16) Was recorder.--This was a different office from that of "the scribe" (filled by Seraiah), and appears from 2Kings 18:18-37; 2Chronicles 34:8, to have been one of considerable importance. (Comp. also Esther 6:1.) His duty is supposed to have been something like that of the modern "chancellor," and he not only registered the king's decrees, but was his adviser. The same person continued to fill the office in the early years of Solomon's reign (1Kings 4:3).

Verse 16. - Joab... was over the host. Twice in this book we have lists of David's chief officers - here and at the end of ch. 20. The present lint belongs to the period of David's greatest prosperity, when all went well with him in peace and war, and when Jehovah had elevated him to the unique rank of Messianic king - a distinction which belonged to him personally, and was inherited by none of his successors. Between it and the second list there lies a tragic tale of sin and shame, of crime and merited punishment, of the realm rising in rebellion against the adulterous king, and of his own family breaking away from the bends of godly discipline, and giving way to licentiousness, to bloodshed, and to parricidal ambition. But probably David's character had then gained in spirituality and singleness of heart; whereas now prosperity must already have begun its work of sapping the foundations of his moral nature. Joab, who had been stripped of his command for the murder of Abner, had regained it by his bravery at the capture of Jerusalem. We have seen also that David entrusted to him the building of Jerusalem, and apparently he was prime minister in all matters except probably the king's judicial functions. Jehoshaphat... was recorder; literally, remembrancer. It was his office to reduce the king's decrees to writing, and also to see that they were carried into execution. Probably after they had been committed to writing, they were laid before the king for his approval, and, when confirmed by his hand or seal, were entered in the book of remembrance. And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host,.... Which was not only owing to his relation to David, being his sister's son, but to his promise that whoever smote the Jebusites first should be chief and captain; that is, should have the command of the army under him; this Joab did; and so was entitled to this office, and was put into it, and continued in it, 1 Chronicles 11:6,

and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; of memorable events, who kept a diary of whatsoever remarkable happened, which were digested into a chronicle, history, or annals; see Esther 6:1; so the Targum, he"was appointed over the memorials;''or book of memorials, as Kimchi interprets it; that is, to take care of it, and see that everything worthy of notice was inserted in it; or was "remembrancer" (g); one that put the king in mind what was to be done every day, or in certain cases, and so R. Isaiah explains it, the king's counsellor; some take him to be chancellor, as Luther and others (h).

(g) "commemorans", Montanus; "commemorator", Syr. Ar. "memorans, sive reducens in memoriam", Vatablus. (h) Vid. Beckium in Targ. 1 Chronicles 18.15. 16. Joab … was over the host—by virtue of a special promise (2Sa 5:8).

recorder—historiographer or daily annalist, an office of great trust and importance in Eastern countries.8:15-18 David neither did wrong, nor denied or delayed right to any. This speaks his close application to business; also his readiness to admit all addresses and appeals made to him. He had no respect of persons in judgment. Herein he was a type of Christ. To Him let us submit, his friendship let us seek, his service let us count our pleasure, diligently attending to the work he assigns to each of us. David made his sons chief rulers; but all believers, Christ's spiritual seed, are better preferred, for they are made kings and priests to our God, Re 1:6.
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Ahilud Ahi'lud Army Chief Chronicler Host Jehoshaphat Jehosh'aphat Joab Jo'ab Keeper Recorder Records Remembrancer Zeruiah Zeru'iah
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Ahilud Ahi'lud Army Chief Chronicler Host Jehoshaphat Jehosh'aphat Joab Jo'ab Keeper Recorder Records Remembrancer Zeruiah Zeru'iah
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Alphabetical: Ahilud and army Jehoshaphat Joab of over recorder son the was Zeruiah

OT History: 2 Samuel 8:16 Joab the son of Zeruiah was over (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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