2 Samuel 20:24
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Adoniram was in charge of forced labor; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder;

New Living Translation
Adoniram was in charge of the labor force. Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the royal historian.

English Standard Version
and Adoram was in charge of the forced labor; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

New American Standard Bible
and Adoram was over the forced labor, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

King James Bible
And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

Christian Standard Bible
Adoram was over forced labor; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was court historian;

Contemporary English Version
Adoram was in charge of the slave-labor force. Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud kept government records.

Good News Translation
Adoniram was in charge of the forced labor; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was in charge of the records;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Adoram was in charge of forced labor; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was court historian;

International Standard Version
Adoram supervised conscripted labor, Ahilud's son Jehoshaphat was the recorder,

NET Bible
Adoniram was supervisor of the work crews. Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the secretary.

New Heart English Bible
and Adoram was over the men subject to forced labor; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Adoram was in charge of forced labor. Jehoshaphat, son of Ahilud, was the royal historian.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and Adoram was over the levy; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

New American Standard 1977
and Adoram was over the forced labor, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

Jubilee Bible 2000
and Adoram was over the tribute, and Jehoshaphat, the son of Ahilud, was writer of the chronicles,

King James 2000 Bible
And Adoram was over the forced labor: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

American King James Version
And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

American Standard Version
and Adoram was over the men subject to taskwork; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

Douay-Rheims Bible
But Aduram over the tributes: and Josaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder.

Darby Bible Translation
and Adoram was over the levy; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

English Revised Version
and Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder:

Webster's Bible Translation
And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

World English Bible
and Adoram was over the men subject to forced labor; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

Young's Literal Translation
and Adoram is over the tribute, and Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud is the remembrancer,
Study Bible
The Rebellion Stopped
23Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; 24and Adoram was over the forced labor, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder; 25and Sheva was scribe, and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;…
Cross References
2 Samuel 8:16
Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder.

1 Kings 4:3
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha were secretaries; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

1 Kings 12:18
Then King Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the forced labor, and all Israel stoned him to death. And King Rehoboam made haste to mount his chariot to flee to Jerusalem.
Treasury of Scripture

And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

Adoram

1 Kings 4:6 And Ahishar was over the household: and Adoniram the son of Abda …

1 Kings 12:18 Then king Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the tribute; and all …

recorder. or, remembrancer

1 Kings 4:3 Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the …

(24) Adoram was over the tribute.--The same office was held by Adoniram in Solomon's reign (1Kings 4:6; 1Kings 5:14), and by Adoram at the beginning of the reign of his successor (1Kings 12:18). ll those may have been the same person, or at least of the same family. "The tribute" should rather be the levy, the forced labour so largely employed by Solomon. It is remarkable that there is no trace of such an office in 2Samuel 8:16-18, nor in the parallel (1Chronicles 18:14-17). It was a feature of Oriental despotism only introduced towards the close of David's reign, and carried to much greater length under Solomon.

Verse 24. - Adoram was over the tribute. This was a new officer, and a new thing. For the Hebrew word mas does not mean "tribute," but "forced labour." This was one of the most oppressive exactions of old time, and it continued to be practised in Europe throughout the Middle Ages until it was abolished at the end of the eighteenth century by the French Revolution, except in Russia, where the serfs were freed from it by the late emperor Alexander II. Nevertheless, it was probably made almost necessary at first by the absence of money. As there was no money for the payment of taxes, the dues of the king or lord could only be rendered by personal service. Yet even so it was exceedingly liable to be abused, and the people might be taken from their own homes and fields just when their presence there was most needed. One most painful result was that the women had to endure, upon the farm and among the cattle, a drudgery to which they were unsuited. We gather from this passage that it was David who began this practice in Israel, exacting probably only from the descendants of the Canaanites (who, nevertheless, formed a considerable portion of the inhabitants of Palestine) forced labour employed in preparing for the building of the temple, and in the fortifications of his fenced cities. Under Solomon it seems to have been extended to other classes (1 Kings 5:13, 14; but see 1 Kings 9:20-22), and reduced to a system, which pressed so heavily upon the people that it was the principal cause of the revolt of the ten tribes from Rehoboam (1 Kings 12:4). Unless the Israelites had themselves suffered severely from this exaction, they would not have been driven into rebellion by sympathy with the remains of the native races. Subsequently we find Jeremiah accusing Jehoiakim of employing forced labour (Jeremiah 22:13), but the severity with which he condemned it suggests that it had then ceased to be customary. Adoram. His appointment to this office was probably at a late period in David's reign, as he continued to hold the office under Solomon (1 Kings 4:6; 1 Kings 5:14, where he is called Adoniram), and even down to the beginning of Rehoboam's reign (1 Kings 12:18). We there read that he paid the penalty of his hateful office with his life. In 2 Chronicles 10:18 he is called Hadoram. And Adoram was over the tribute,.... Or over those that collected and brought it, as the Targum; this was a new office, and which respected both the revenue he received from his own people, and the tribute brought him from the nations conquered by him:

and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; who was in this office before, and now continued and established in it, 2 Samuel 8:16. 20:23-26 Here is the state of David's court, after his restoration. It is well when able men are appointed to discharge public duties; let all seek to perform those duties, as faithful servants to the Son of David.
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Alphabetical: Adoniram Adoram Ahilud and charge forced in Jehoshaphat labor of over recorder son the was

OT History: 2 Samuel 20:24 And Adoram was over the men subject (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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