4522. mas or mis
Strong's Concordance
mas or mis: body of forced laborers, forced service, taskworkers, taskwork, serfdom
Original Word: מַס
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: mas or mis
Phonetic Spelling: (mas)
Short Definition: labor
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
of uncertain derivation
Definition
body of forced laborers, forced service, taskworkers, taskwork, serfdom
NASB Translation
forced (2), forced labor (13), forced laborer (1), forced laborers (5), laborers* (2), men subject to forced labor (1), taskmasters* (1), tribute (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
I. מַס noun masculine1Ki 5:27 usually

collective body of forced labourers, task-workers, labour-band or gang, also (late) forced service, task-work, serfdom ( ᵑ7 מִסָּא, especially in phrase מַסְּקֵי מִיסִּין (implying late and [for Biblical Hebrew] false sense 'tribute,' so Late Hebrew מַעֲלֵי מָסִּים; √ unknown, probably loan-word; follows analogue of ע׳׳ע); — absolute ׳מ 1 Kings 5:27 +; לָמַ֑ס Joshua 17:13 +; הַמַּ֑ס 2 Samuel 20:24 +; plural מִסִּים Exodus 1:11; —

1 labour-band, labour-gang, body of task-workers for public service, formed by levy upon the people by Solomon וַיַּ֫עַל הַמֶּלֶךְ שׁלֹמֹה מַס מִכָּליִֿשְׂרָאֵל 1 Kings 5:27, amounting to 30,000 men v.1 Kings 5:27; אֲשֶׁר הֶעֱלָה ׳הַמּ 1 Kings 9:15; ׳וַיַּעֲלֵם שׁ לְמַס עֹבֵד 1 Kings 9:21 and Solomon levied them for a toiling labour-band (compare Genesis 49:15; Joshua 16:10) = ׳לְמַס וַיַּעֲלֵם שׁ2Chronicles 8:8; apparently instituted, earlier, by David, compare וַאֲדֹרָם עַלהַֿמַּ֑ס 2 Samuel 20:24, i.e. had charge of the body of labourers, so 1 Kings 4:6; 1 Kings 5:28; 1 Kings 12:18 2Chronicles 10:18.

2. a. of labour-bands, slave-gangs of Israel in Egypt, only שָׂרֵי מִסִּים Exodus 1:11 (J) gang-overseers.

b. of conquered populations, subject to forced labour: יִהְיוּ לְךָ לָמַס וַעֲבָדוּךָ Deuteronomy 20:11 compare Judges 1:30,33,35 (see GFM), Isaiah 31:8; Lamentations 1:1; so ויהי לְמַס עֹבֵד Joshua 16:10 (compare Genesis 49:15; 1 Kings 9:21); וַיִתְּנוּ אֶתהַֿכְּנַעֲנִי לָמַ֑ס Joshua 17:13, compare (׳וַיָּ֫שֶׂם וגו) Judges 1:28.

3 in General: וַיְהִי לְמַסעֹֿבֵד Genesis 49:15 and he (Issachar) became a slaving labour-band (poem in J; compare Joshua 16:10; 1 Kings 9:21); compare רְמִיָּה תִּהְיֶה לָמַ֑ס Proverbs 12:24 (here apparently of individual)

4 forced service, serfdom (or possibly (in late passage) tribute = enforced payment, compare Late Hebrew, ᵑ7, see above), only of Ahasuerus: ׳וַיָּשֶׂם הַמֶּלֶךְ מַס עַלהָֿאָרֶץ וגו Esther 10:1.

II. מַס see מסס. מֵסַב, מֵסֵב see סבב.

מַסְגֵּר, מִסְגֶּ֫רֶת see סגר.

מַסַּד see יסד. [מִסְדְּרוֺן] see סדר

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
discomfited, levy, taskmaster, tributary

Or mic {mees}; from macac; properly, a burden (as causing to faint), i.e. A tax in the form of forced labor -- discomfited, levy, task(-master), tribute(-tary).

see HEBREW macac

Forms and Transliterations
הַמַּ֑ס הַמַּ֔ס הַמַּ֜ס הַמַּֽס׃ המס המס׃ לְמַ֔ס לְמַס־ לָמַ֑ס לָמַ֖ס לָמַ֥ס לָמַֽס׃ למס למס־ למס׃ מִסִּ֔ים מַ֖ס מַ֛ס מס מסים ham·mas hammas lā·mas laMas lāmas lə·mas lə·mas- lemas ləmas ləmas- mas mis·sîm misSim missîm
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Hebrew 4522
23 Occurrences


ham·mas — 7 Occ.
lā·mas — 9 Occ.
lə·mas- — 4 Occ.
mas — 2 Occ.
mis·sîm — 1 Occ.

Genesis 49:15
HEB: לִסְבֹּ֔ל וַיְהִ֖י לְמַס־ עֹבֵֽד׃ ס
NAS: a slave at forced labor.
KJV: and became a servant unto tribute.
INT: to bear and became forced A slave

Exodus 1:11
HEB: עָלָיו֙ שָׂרֵ֣י מִסִּ֔ים לְמַ֥עַן עַנֹּת֖וֹ
INT: over captain discomfited because of to afflict

Deuteronomy 20:11
HEB: יִהְי֥וּ לְךָ֛ לָמַ֖ס וַעֲבָדֽוּךָ׃
NAS: in it shall become your forced labor and shall serve
KJV: [that is] found therein shall be tributaries unto thee, and they shall serve
INT: are found shall become your forced and shall serve

Joshua 16:10
HEB: הַזֶּ֔ה וַיְהִ֖י לְמַס־ עֹבֵֽד׃ פ
NAS: day, and they became forced laborers.
KJV: and serve under tribute.
INT: to this became forced and serve

Joshua 17:13
HEB: אֶת־ הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֖י לָמַ֑ס וְהוֹרֵ֖שׁ לֹ֥א
NAS: the Canaanites to forced labor, but they did not drive
KJV: the Canaanites to tribute; but did not utterly
INT: put the Canaanites to forced drive out

Judges 1:28
HEB: אֶת־ הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֖י לָמַ֑ס וְהוֹרֵ֖ישׁ לֹ֥א
NAS: the Canaanites to forced labor, but they did not drive
KJV: the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly
INT: put the Canaanites to forced drive out

Judges 1:30
HEB: בְּקִרְבּ֔וֹ וַיִּֽהְי֖וּ לָמַֽס׃ ס
NAS: them and became subject to forced labor.
KJV: among them, and became tributaries.
INT: among and became to forced

Judges 1:33
HEB: הָי֥וּ לָהֶ֖ם לָמַֽס׃ ס
NAS: became forced labor for them.
KJV: and of Bethanath became tributaries unto them.
INT: and Beth-anath became forced

Judges 1:35
HEB: יוֹסֵ֔ף וַיִּהְי֖וּ לָמַֽס׃
NAS: grew strong, they became forced labor.
KJV: prevailed, so that they became tributaries.
INT: of Joseph became forced

2 Samuel 20:24
HEB: וַאֲדֹרָ֖ם עַל־ הַמַּ֑ס וִיהוֹשָׁפָ֥ט בֶּן־
NAS: was over the forced labor, and Jehoshaphat
KJV: And Adoram [was] over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat
INT: and Adoram was over the forced and Jehoshaphat the son

1 Kings 4:6
HEB: עַבְדָּ֖א עַל־ הַמַּֽס׃ ס
NAS: [was] over the men subject to forced labor.
KJV: of Abda [was] over the tribute.
INT: of Abda over the men

1 Kings 5:13
HEB: הַמֶּ֧לֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹ֛ה מַ֖ס מִכָּל־ יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
NAS: levied forced laborers
KJV: raised a levy out of all Israel;
INT: and king Solomon A levy of all Israel

1 Kings 5:13
HEB: יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וַיְהִ֣י הַמַּ֔ס שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים אֶ֖לֶף
NAS: forced laborers from all
KJV: out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty
INT: Israel become and the levy was thirty thousand

1 Kings 5:14
HEB: וַאֲדֹנִירָ֖ם עַל־ הַמַּֽס׃ ס
NAS: [was] over the forced laborers.
KJV: and Adoniram [was] over the levy.
INT: and Adoniram over the forced

1 Kings 9:15
HEB: וְזֶ֨ה דְבַר־ הַמַּ֜ס אֲשֶֽׁר־ הֶעֱלָ֣ה ׀
NAS: is the account of the forced labor which
KJV: And this [is] the reason of the levy which king
INT: now this is the account of the forced which levied

1 Kings 9:21
HEB: וַיַּעֲלֵ֤ם שְׁלֹמֹה֙ לְמַס־ עֹבֵ֔ד עַ֖ד
NAS: levied forced laborers,
KJV: levy a tribute of bondservice
INT: levied Solomon forced of bondservice even

1 Kings 12:18
HEB: אֲשֶׁ֣ר עַל־ הַמַּ֔ס וַיִּרְגְּמ֨וּ כָל־
NAS: was over the forced labor, and all
KJV: Adoram, who [was] over the tribute; and all Israel
INT: who was over the forced stoned and all

2 Chronicles 8:8
HEB: וַיַּעֲלֵ֤ם שְׁלֹמֹה֙ לְמַ֔ס עַ֖ד הַיּ֥וֹם
NAS: raised as forced laborers to this
KJV: make to pay tribute until this day.
INT: raised Solomon forced against day

2 Chronicles 10:18
HEB: אֲשֶׁ֣ר עַל־ הַמַּ֔ס וַיִּרְגְּמוּ־ ב֧וֹ
NAS: was over the forced labor, and the sons
KJV: Hadoram that [was] over the tribute; and the children
INT: who was over the forced stoned and the sons

Esther 10:1
HEB: (אֲחַשְׁוֵרֹ֧ושׁ ק) מַ֛ס עַל־ הָאָ֖רֶץ
NAS: laid a tribute on the land
KJV: laid a tribute upon the land,
INT: now King Ahasuerus A tribute on the land

Proverbs 12:24
HEB: וּ֝רְמִיָּ֗ה תִּהְיֶ֥ה לָמַֽס׃
NAS: But the slack [hand] will be put to forced labor.
KJV: but the slothful shall be under tribute.
INT: the slack will be put to forced

Isaiah 31:8
HEB: חֶ֔רֶב וּבַחוּרָ֖יו לָמַ֥ס יִהְיֽוּ׃
NAS: will become forced laborers.
KJV: and his young men shall be discomfited.
INT: the sword and his young forced will become

Lamentations 1:1
HEB: בַּמְּדִינ֔וֹת הָיְתָ֖ה לָמַֽס׃ ס
NAS: Has become a forced laborer!
KJV: among the provinces, [how] is she become tributary!
INT: the provinces has become A forced

23 Occurrences

4521
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