Deuteronomy 21:22
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
If someone guilty of a capital offense is put to death and their body is exposed on a pole,

New Living Translation
"If someone has committed a crime worthy of death and is executed and hung on a tree,

English Standard Version
“And if a man has committed a crime punishable by death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree,

New American Standard Bible
"If a man has committed a sin worthy of death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree,

King James Bible
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If anyone is found guilty of an offense deserving the death penalty and is executed, and you hang his body on a tree,

International Standard Version
"If a man is guilty of a capital offense, is executed, and then is impaled on a tree,

NET Bible
If a person commits a sin punishable by death and is executed, and you hang the corpse on a tree,

New Heart English Bible
If a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and you hang him on a tree;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When a convicted person is put to death,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree;

New American Standard 1977
“And if a man has committed a sin worthy of death, and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when a man shall have committed a sin worthy of death, and he is to be put to death, and thou shall have hung him on a tree,

King James 2000 Bible
And if a man has committed a sin worthy of death, and he is to be put to death, and you hang him on a tree:

American King James Version
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and you hang him on a tree:

American Standard Version
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree;

Douay-Rheims Bible
When a man hath committed a crime for which he is to be punished with death, and being condemned to die is hanged on a gibbet:

Darby Bible Translation
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou have hanged him on a tree,

English Revised Version
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree;

Webster's Bible Translation
And if a man shall have committed a sin worthy of death, and he must be put to death, and thou shalt hang him on a tree:

World English Bible
If a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and you hang him on a tree;

Young's Literal Translation
'And when there is in a man a sin -- a cause of death, and he hath been put to death, and thou hast hanged him on a tree,
Study Bible
Cursed is Anyone Hung on a Tree
21"Then all the men of his city shall stone him to death; so you shall remove the evil from your midst, and all Israel will hear of it and fear. 22"If a man has committed a sin worthy of death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, 23his corpse shall not hang all night on the tree, but you shall surely bury him on the same day (for he who is hanged is accursed of God), so that you do not defile your land which the LORD your God gives you as an inheritance.…
Cross References
Matthew 26:66
What do you think?" "He deserves to die," they answered.

Mark 14:64
You have heard the blasphemy. What is your verdict?" And they all condemned Him as deserving of death.

Acts 23:29
I found that the accusation involved questions about their own Law, but there was no charge worthy of death or imprisonment.

Deuteronomy 22:26
"But you shall do nothing to the girl; there is no sin in the girl worthy of death, for just as a man rises against his neighbor and murders him, so is this case.

Joshua 8:29
He hanged the king of Ai on a tree until evening; and at sunset Joshua gave command and they took his body down from the tree and threw it at the entrance of the city gate, and raised over it a great heap of stones that stands to this day.

Joshua 10:27
It came about at sunset that Joshua gave a command, and they took them down from the trees and threw them into the cave where they had hidden themselves, and put large stones over the mouth of the cave, to this very day.
Treasury of Scripture

And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and you hang him on a tree:

worthy of death [heb] of the judgment of death The Hebrews understand this not of putting to death by hanging, but of hanging a man up after he was stoned to death; which was done more ignominiously of some heinous malefactors. We have the examples of Rechab and Baanah, who, for murdering Ish-bosheth, were slain by David's commandment, their hand and feet cut off, and {then} hanged up.

2 Samuel 4:12 And David commanded his young men, and they slew them, and cut off …

Joshua 8:29 And the king of Ai he hanged on a tree until eventide: and as soon …

Joshua 10:26 And afterward Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on …

Numbers 25:4 And the LORD said to Moses, Take all the heads of the people, and …

in

Numbers 25:4 And the LORD said to Moses, Take all the heads of the people, and …

Deuteronomy 19:6 Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart …

Deuteronomy 22:26 But to the damsel you shall do nothing; there is in the damsel no …

1 Samuel 26:16 This thing is not good that you have done. As the LORD lives, you …

Matthew 26:66 What think you? They answered and said, He is guilty of death.

Acts 23:29 Whom I perceived to be accused of questions of their law, but to …

Acts 25:11,25 For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, …

Acts 26:31 And when they were gone aside, they talked between themselves, saying, …

thou hang

2 Samuel 21:6,9 Let seven men of his sons be delivered to us, and we will hang them …

Luke 23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there …

John 19:31-38 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies …

Deuteronomy 21:22-23.--HANGING.

(22) And he be put to death.--Better, and he hath been put to death. Hanging followed death in Israel (Joshua 10:26-27).

(23) His body shall not remain all night.--Observed by Joshua, but broken by the Gibeonites (2Samuel 22:9-10; 2Samuel 22:14).

He that is hanged is accursed of God.--In the LXX., "Cursed of God is every one that hangeth upon a tree," and cited in this form by St. Paul (Galatians 3:13). We cannot see why he should be pronounced cursed, except for the sake of that which was designed by "the determined counsel and foreknowledge of God," that His Son Jesus Christ should bear our sins in His own body on the tree, and redeem us from the curse of the Law, by being "made a curse for us."

Rashi's note upon this shows how strangely the rays of truth are sometimes refracted in the Jewish mina: "'He that is hanged is the curse of God'--that is, he is the King's disgrace. For man was made in the likeness of His image. And Israel are his children. There were two twin brothers, who were much alike. One was made king, the other was taken up for highway robbery, and was hanged. Every one who saw him said, 'There hangs the king!'" From this note it is clear that Rashi takes the words to mean, "He that is hanged is God's disgrace," because man is "made after the similitude of God." There is no doubt as to the shame of the punishment which our Lord endured and despised.

Thou shalt in any wise bury him that day.--Another law, remarkably and providentially fulfilled in our Lord's death. We do not read that the robbers who were crucified with Him were buried, though their bodies were removed from the cross. It is not improbable that this law was also intended to prevent the barbarous practice of leaving men impaled op sharp stakes or suspended upon crosses from day to day until they died of pain and thirst. It certainly is a disgrace to the Divine image to treat it thus.

Verses 22, 23. - When a criminal was put to death and was hanged upon a tree, his body was not to remain there over-night, but was to be buried the same day on which he was executed. Verse 22. - If a man have committed a sin worthy of death; literally, If there be on a man a judgment of death; if he lie under sentence of death. Hang him on a tree. This refers not to putting to death by strangling, but to the impaling of the body after death (cf. C. B. Michaelis, 'De Judiciis Poenisque Capitalibus in Sac. Script. Commemoratis,' in 'Sylloge Commentt. Theolog.,' edita a D. J. Pott, vol. 4. p. 209). This was an aggravation of the punishment, as the body so impaled was exposed to insult and assault (cf. Numbers 25:4; Genesis 40:19). And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death,.... This before mentioned, or any other that deserves death, any kind of death, as strangling, killing with the sword, burning and stoning, to which the Jews restrain it here:

and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him, on a tree; is condemned to stoning, and after that they hang him, as the Targum of Jonathan; and according to the Jewish Rabbins, as Jarchi observes, all that were stoned were to be hanged, and only men, not women (g); for it is remarked that it is said "him" and not "her" (h): about this there is a dispute in the Misnah (i);"all that are stoned are hanged, they are the words of R. Eliezer; but the wise men say none are to be hanged but the blasphemer and idolater; a man is to be hanged with his face to the people, a woman with her face to the tree, they are the words of R. Eliezer; but the wise men say, a man is to be hanged, but no woman, to whom R. Eliezer replied, did not Simeon Ben Shetach hang women in Ashkelon? they answered him, he hung eighty women (at once), but they do not judge or condemn two in one day;''so that this was a particular case at a particular time, and not be drawn into an example: in the same place it is asked,

"how they hang one? they fix a beam in the earth, and a piece of wood goes out of it (near the top of it, as one of the commentator (k) remarks), and join his two hands together and hang him;''that is, by his hand, not by his neck, as with us, but rather in the crucifixion; only in that the hands are spread, and one hand is fastened to one part of the cross beam, and the other to the other end.

(g) Misn. Sotah, c. 3. sect. 8. (h) Maimon. & Bartenora in. ib. (i) Misn. Sanhedrin, c. 6. sect. 4. (k) Bartenora in Misn. Sanhedrin, c. 6. sect. 4. 22, 23. if a man have committed a sin … and thou hang him on a tree—Hanging was not a Hebrew form of execution (gibbeting is meant), but the body was not to be left to rot or be a prey to ravenous birds; it was to be buried "that day," either because the stench in a hot climate would corrupt the air, or the spectacle of an exposed corpse bring ceremonial defilement on the land. 21:22,23 By the law of Moses, the touch of a dead body was defiling, therefore dead bodies must not be left hanging, as that would defile the land. There is one reason here which has reference to Christ; He that is hanged is accursed of God; that is, it is the highest degree of disgrace and reproach. Those who see a man thus hanging between heaven and earth, will conclude him abandoned of both, and unworthy of either. Moses, by the Spirit, uses this phrase of being accursed of God, when he means no more than being treated most disgracefully, that it might afterward be applied to the death of Christ, and might show that in it he underwent the curse of the law for us; which proves his love, and encourages to faith in him.
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