Deuteronomy 21:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When you go to war against your enemies and the LORD your God delivers them into your hands and you take captives,

New Living Translation
"Suppose you go out to war against your enemies and the LORD your God hands them over to you, and you take some of them as captives.

English Standard Version
“When you go out to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God gives them into your hand and you take them captive,

New American Standard Bible
"When you go out to battle against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your hands and you take them away captive,

King James Bible
When thou goest forth to war against thine enemies, and the LORD thy God hath delivered them into thine hands, and thou hast taken them captive,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When you go to war against your enemies and the LORD your God hands them over to you and you take some of them prisoner, and

International Standard Version
"If you go to battle against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your control, you may take some prisoners captive.

NET Bible
When you go out to do battle with your enemies and the LORD your God allows you to prevail and you take prisoners,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When you go to war with your enemies and the LORD your God hands them over to you, you may take them captive.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When thou goest forth to war against thine enemies, and the LORD thy God has delivered them into thine hands, and thou hast taken them captive,

King James 2000 Bible
When you go forth to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God has delivered them into your hands, and you have taken them captive,

American King James Version
When you go forth to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God has delivered them into your hands, and you have taken them captive,

American Standard Version
When thou goest forth to battle against thine enemies, and Jehovah thy God delivereth them into thy hands, and thou carriest them away captive,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If thou go out to fight against thy enemies, and the Lord thy God deliver them into thy hand, and thou lead them away captives,

Darby Bible Translation
When thou goest forth to war against thine enemies, and Jehovah thy God delivereth them into thy hands, and thou hast taken captives of them,

English Revised Version
When thou goest forth to battle against thine enemies, and the LORD thy God delivereth them into thine hands, and thou carriest them away captive,

Webster's Bible Translation
When thou goest forth to war against thy enemies, and the LORD thy God hath delivered them into thy hands, and thou hast taken them captive,

World English Bible
When you go forth to battle against your enemies, and Yahweh your God delivers them into your hands, and you carry them away captive,

Young's Literal Translation
'When thou goest out to battle against thine enemies, and Jehovah thy God hath given them into thy hand, and thou hast taken captive its captivity,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

21:10-14 By this law a soldier was allowed to marry his captive, if he pleased. This might take place upon some occasions; but the law does not show any approval of it. It also intimates how binding the laws of justice and honour are in marriage; which is a sacred engagement.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 10-14. - If an Israelite saw among captives taken in war a woman, fair of aspect, and loved her, and took her to be his wife, he was to allow her a full month to mourn her lost kindred, and become accustomed to her new condition, before he consummated his union with her. This refers to captives from other nations than those of Canaan, with whom the Israelites were to form no alliance, and whom they were not to take captive, but either wholly destroy or render tributary (cf. Deuteronomy 7:3; Numbers 21:1, etc.; Joshua 11:19).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

When thou goest forth to war against thine enemies,.... This refers to an arbitrary war, as Jarchi remarks, which they entered into of themselves, of choice, or through being provoked to it by their enemies; and not a war commanded by the Lord, as that against the seven nations of Canaan, and against Amalek; since there were to be no captives in that war, but all were to be destroyed:

and the Lord thy God hath delivered them into thine hands; given them the victory over their enemies, so that they were obliged to surrender themselves to them prisoners of war:

and thou hast taken them captive, or "led his or their captivity (b) captive"; led them captive who used to lead others, denoting their conquest of victorious nations; see a like phrase in Psalm 68:18.

(b) "et captivam duxerit captivitatem ejus", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

De 21:10-23. The Treatment of a Captive Taken to Wife.

10-14. When thou goest to war … and seest among the captives a beautiful woman … that thou wouldest have her to thy wife—According to the war customs of all ancient nations, a female captive became the slave of the victor, who had the sole and unchallengeable control of right to her person. Moses improved this existing usage by special regulations on the subject. He enacted that, in the event that her master was captivated by her beauty and contemplated a marriage with her, a month should be allowed to elapse, during which her perturbed feelings might be calmed, her mind reconciled to her altered condition, and she might bewail the loss of her parents, now to her the same as dead. A month was the usual period of mourning with the Jews, and the circumstances mentioned here were the signs of grief—the shaving of the head, the allowing the nails to grow uncut, the putting off her gorgeous dress in which ladies, on the eve of being captured, arrayed themselves to be the more attractive to their captors. The delay was full of humanity and kindness to the female slave, as well as a prudential measure to try the strength of her master's affections. If his love should afterwards cool and he become indifferent to her person, he was not to lord it over her, neither to sell her in the slave market, nor retain her in a subordinate condition in his house; but she was to be free to go where her inclinations led her.

Deuteronomy 21:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Marrying a Captive Woman
10"When you go out to battle against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your hands and you take them away captive, 11and see among the captives a beautiful woman, and have a desire for her and would take her as a wife for yourself,…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 21:11
if you notice among the captives a beautiful woman and are attracted to her, you may take her as your wife.

Joshua 21:44
The LORD gave them rest on every side, just as he had sworn to their ancestors. Not one of their enemies withstood them; the LORD gave all their enemies into their hands.
Treasury of Scripture

When you go forth to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God has delivered them into your hands, and you have taken them captive,

thou goest

Deuteronomy 20:10-16 When you come near to a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace to it…

Jump to Previous
Battle Captive Captives Captivity Carriest Carry Delivered Delivereth Delivers Enemies Hand Hands Prisoners War
Jump to Next
Battle Captive Captives Captivity Carriest Carry Delivered Delivereth Delivers Enemies Hand Hands Prisoners War
Links
Deuteronomy 21:10 NIV
Deuteronomy 21:10 NLT
Deuteronomy 21:10 ESV
Deuteronomy 21:10 NASB
Deuteronomy 21:10 KJV

Deuteronomy 21:10 Bible Apps
Deuteronomy 21:10 Bible Suite
Deuteronomy 21:10 Biblia Paralela
Deuteronomy 21:10 Chinese Bible
Deuteronomy 21:10 French Bible
Deuteronomy 21:10 German Bible

Alphabetical: against and away battle captive captives delivers enemies go God hands into LORD out take the them to war When you your

OT Law: Deuteronomy 21:10 When you go forth to battle against (Deut. De Du) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Deuteronomy 21:9
Top of Page
Top of Page