Damnation
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Easton's Bible Dictionary
In Romans 13:2, means "condemnation," which comes on those who withstand God's ordinance of magistracy. This sentence of condemnation comes not from the magistrate, but from God, whose authority is thus resisted.

In 1 Corinthians 11:29 (R.V., "judgment") this word means condemnation, in the sense of exposure to severe temporal judgements from God, as the following verse explains.

In Romans 14:23 the word "damned" means "condemned" by one's own conscience, as well as by the Word of God. The apostle shows here that many things which are lawful are not expedient; and that in using our Christian liberty the question should not simply be, Is this course I follow lawful? but also, Can I follow it without doing injury to the spiritual interests of a brother in Christ? He that "doubteth", i.e., is not clear in his conscience as to "meats", will violate his conscience "if he eat," and in eating is condemned; and thus one ought not so to use his liberty as to lead one who is "weak" to bring upon himself this condemnation.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The state of being damned; condemnation; openly expressed disapprobation.

2. (n.) Condemnation to everlasting punishment in the future state, or the punishment itself.

3. (n.) A sin deserving of everlasting punishment.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DAMN; DAMNATION; DAMNABLE

dam, dam-na'-shun, dam'-na-bl: These words have undergone a change of meaning since the King James Version was made. They are derived from Latin damnare = "to inflict a loss," "to condemn," and that was their original meaning in English Now they denote exclusively the idea of everlasting punishment in hell. It is often difficult to determine which meaning was intended by the translators in the King James Version. They have been excluded altogether from the Revised Version (British and American). The words for which they stand in the King James Version are:

(1) apoleia, "destruction," translated "damnable" and "damnation" only in 2 Peter 2:1-3 (the Revised Version (British and American) "destructive," "destruction"). False prophets taught doctrines calculated to destroy others, and themselves incurred the sentence of destruction such as overtook the fallen angels, the world in the Deluge, and the cities of the Plain. Apoleia occurs otherwise 16 times in the New Testament, and is always translated in the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) by either "perdition" or "destruction": twice of waste of treasure (Matthew 26:8 = Mark 14:4); twice of the beast that comes out of the abyss and goes into perdition (Revelation 17:8, 11). In all other cases, it refers to men, and defines the destiny that befalls them as the result of sin: Judas is the "son of perdition" (John 17:12). Peter consigns Simon Magus and his money to perdition (Acts 8:20). Some men are "vessels of wrath fitted unto destruction" (Romans 9:22), and others, their "end is perdition" (Philippians 3:19). It is the antithesis of salvation (Hebrews 10:39 Philippians 1:28). Of the two ways of life, one leads to destruction (Matthew 7:13). Whether it is utter, final and irretrievable destruction is not stated.

(2) krino, translated "damned" only in the King James Version of 2 Thessalonians 2:12 (the Revised Version (British and American) "judged") means "to judge" in the widest sense, "to form an opinion" (Luke 7:43), and forensically "to test and try" an accused person. It can only acquire the sense of "judging guilty" or "condemning" from the context.

(3) katakrino, translated "damned" only in the King James Version of Mark 16:16 Romans 14:23 ("condemned" in the Revised Version (British and American)), means properly "to give judgment against" or "to condemn" and is so translated 17 times in the King James Version and always in the Revised Version (British and American).

(4) krisis, translated "damnation" in the King James Version of Matthew 23:33 Mark 3:29 John 5:29 (the Revised Version (British and American) "judgment," but in Mark 3:29, "sin" for hamartema), means (a) judgment in general like krino, and is so used about 17 times, besides 14 times in the phrase "day of judgment"; (b) "condemnation," like katakrino, about 14 times.

(5) krima, translated in the King James Version "damnation" 7 times (Matthew 23:14 = Mark 12:40 = Luke 20:47 Romans 3:8; Romans 13:2 1 Corinthians 11:29 1 Timothy 5:12), "condemnation" 6 times, "judgment" 13 times, "law" and "avenged" once each; in the Revised Version (British and American) "condemnation" 9 t (Matthew 23:14 only inserted in margin), "judgment" 17 times, and once in margin, "lawsuit" and "sentence" once each. "Judgment" may be neutral, an impartial act of the judge weighing the evidence (so in Matthew 7:2 Acts 24:25 Romans 11:33 Hebrews 6:2 1 Peter 4:17; Revelation 20:4) and "lawsuit" (1 Corinthians 6:7); or it may be inferred from the context that judgment is unto condemnation (so in Romans 2:2, 3; Romans 5:16 Galatians 5:10 2 Peter 2:3; Revelation 17:1; Revelation 18:20, and the Revised Version (British and American) Romans 13:2 1 Corinthians 11:29). In places where krima and krisis are rightly translated "condemnation," and where "judgment" regarded as an accomplished fact involves a sentence of guilt, they together with katakrino define the relation of a person to the supreme authority, as that of a criminal, found and held guilty, and liable to punishment. So the Roman empire regarded Jesus Christ, and the thief on the cross (Luke 23:40; Luke 24:20).

But generally these words refer to man as a sinner against God, judged guilty by Him, and liable to the just penalty of sin. They imply nothing further as to the nature of the penalty or the state of man undergoing it, nor as to its duration. Nor does the word "eternal" (aion, aionios, often wrongly translated "everlasting" in the King James Version) when added to them, determine the question of duration. Condemnation is an act in the moral universe, which cannot be determined under categories of time.

These terms define the action of God in relation to man's conduct, as that of the Supreme Judge, but they express only one aspect of that relation which is only fully conceived, when coordinated with the more fundamental idea of God's Fatherhood. See ESCHATOLOGY; JUDGMENT.

LITERATURE. Salmond, Christian Doctrine of Immortality; Charles, Eschatology.

T. Rees

Greek
2917. krima -- a judgment
... This is everlasting damnation (torment) for the unredeemed (the usual implication
of 2319 ) -- or the eternal that come from the Lord's judgment in favor of ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2917.htm - 7k

2920. krisis -- a decision, judgment
... condemnation, damnation, judgment. Decision (subjectively or objectively,
for or against); by extension, a tribunal; by implication ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2920.htm - 7k

476. antidikos -- an opponent, adversary
... acts as such an adversary, bringing the "(law)suit" of darkness against believers
for their eternal damnation (cf. 1 Pet 5:8). this is (Jn 19:30)! ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/476.htm - 8k

684. apoleia -- destruction, loss
... perdition (1), perish (1), waste (1), wasted (1). damnation, destruction,
perish, waste. From a presumed derivative of apollumi; ruin ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/684.htm - 7k

Library

On Predestination to Salvation, and on Damnation Considered in the ...
... FIFTH PART ON PREDESTINATION TO SALVATION, AND ON DAMNATION CONSIDERED IN
THE HIGHEST DEGREE. The first in order of the divine decrees ...
/.../the works of james arminius vol 2/on predestination to salvation and.htm

Of the Damnation of the Devil and his Adherents; and a Sketch of ...
... Chapter 14."Of the Damnation of the Devil and His Adherents; And a Sketch of the
Bodily Resurrection of All the Dead, and of the Final Retributive Judgment. ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/augustine/city of god/chapter 14 of the damnation of.htm

The Resurrection to Damnation.
... Book I. Chapter 20."The Resurrection to Damnation. 19. Now he whose soul
does not die to this world and begin here to be conformed ...
/.../chapter 20 the resurrection to damnation.htm

If Anyone who is Excommunicated Shall Receive Communion Before his ...
... Canon XXIX. (Greek xxxii.) If anyone who is excommunicated shall receive communion
before his cause is heard he brings damnation on himself. ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon xxix greek xxxii if.htm

Second Proposition of Arminius
... The general use is when non-election, or preterition and damnation, is comprehended
in the word, in which way Calvin and Beza frequently understood it, yet so ...
/.../arminius/the works of james arminius vol 3/second proposition of arminius.htm

Whether the Damned Demerit?
... iv. But they demerited by the evil will that they had here. Therefore if they
demerit not there, their damnation is to their advantage. ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether the damned demerit.htm

A Second Kind of Predestination.
... 7. Predamnation is antecedent to all things, yet it does by no means exist
without a fore-knowledge of the causes of damnation. ...
/.../arminius/the works of james arminius vol 1/2 a second kind of.htm

Of Certain Special Favours Exercised by the Divine Providence in ...
... delights of God's right hand: [74] so that this sacred mother as being altogether
reserved for her son, was by him redeemed not only from damnation but also ...
/.../francis/treatise on the love of god/chapter vi of certain special.htm

Whether There is Hope in the Damned
... Similarly, the eternity of damnation is part of the punishment of the damned, and
it would not have the true nature of punishment unless it were repugnant to ...
/.../aquinas/nature and grace/article three whether there is 2.htm

Articles xiii and xiv Original Sin Will Condemn no Man.
... committed actual transgressions." Of this class are all infants without distinction;
unless some one will invent a state between salvation and damnation, by a ...
/.../arminius/the works of james arminius vol 1/articles xiii and xiv original.htm

Thesaurus
Damnation (11 Occurrences)
... punishment itself. 3. (n.) A sin deserving of everlasting punishment. Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia. DAMN; DAMNATION; DAMNABLE. dam, dam ...
/d/damnation.htm - 18k

Damnable (1 Occurrence)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (a.) Liable to damnation; deserving, or for which one
deserves, to be damned; of a damning nature. ... DAMN; DAMNATION; DAMNABLE. ...
/d/damnable.htm - 14k

Damn
... hooting, etc. 4. (vi) To invoke damnation; to curse. Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia. DAMN; DAMNATION; DAMNABLE. dam, dam ...
/d/damn.htm - 13k

Judging (141 Occurrences)
... the prayer of Psalm 143:2, "Enter not into judgment"; also, John 6:29, "the
resurrection of judgment" (the King James Version "damnation"); 1 Corinthians 11: ...
/j/judging.htm - 39k

Pretence (5 Occurrences)
... for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore
ye shall receive the greater damnation. (KJV WEY DBY). ...
/p/pretence.htm - 8k

Judgment (430 Occurrences)
... the prayer of Psalm 143:2, "Enter not into judgment"; also, John 6:29, "the
resurrection of judgment" (the King James Version "damnation"); 1 Corinthians 11: ...
/j/judgment.htm - 52k

Unworthily (2 Occurrences)
... (KJV DBY WBS YLT). 1 Corinthians 11:29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily,
eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. ...
/u/unworthily.htm - 7k

Lingereth (2 Occurrences)
... through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose
judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not ...
/l/lingereth.htm - 7k

Greater (219 Occurrences)
... for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore
ye shall receive the greater damnation. (KJV WEY BBE WBS). ...
/g/greater.htm - 36k

Concordance
Damnation (11 Occurrences)

Matthew 23:14
Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.
(KJV BBE)

Matthew 23:33
Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?
(KJV WBS)

Mark 3:29
But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation.
(KJV WBS)

Mark 12:40
Which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.
(KJV WBS)

Luke 20:47
Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.
(KJV WBS)

John 5:29
And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
(KJV WBS)

Romans 3:8
And not rather, (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation is just.
(KJV WBS)

Romans 13:2
Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.
(KJV WBS)

1 Corinthians 11:29
For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
(KJV)

1 Timothy 5:12
Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith.
(KJV WBS)

2 Peter 2:3
And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
(KJV WBS)

Subtopics

Damnation

Related Terms

Damnable (1 Occurrence)

Damn

Judging (141 Occurrences)

Pretence (5 Occurrences)

Judgment (430 Occurrences)

Unworthily (2 Occurrences)

Lingereth (2 Occurrences)

Greater (219 Occurrences)

Widows (33 Occurrences)

Feigned (8 Occurrences)

Resisteth (3 Occurrences)

Extreme (11 Occurrences)

Eat (690 Occurrences)

Eateth (81 Occurrences)

Extremity (46 Occurrences)

Drinketh (33 Occurrences)

Damned (3 Occurrences)

Discerning (29 Occurrences)

Danger (118 Occurrences)

Devour (118 Occurrences)

Pretense (9 Occurrences)

Condemn (43 Occurrences)

Condemnation (30 Occurrences)

Slumbereth (3 Occurrences)

Merchandise (34 Occurrences)

Ghost (123 Occurrences)

Receive (350 Occurrences)

Generation (150 Occurrences)

Shew (226 Occurrences)

Hell (53 Occurrences)

Rather (176 Occurrences)

Houses (308 Occurrences)

Prayer (406 Occurrences)

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