Matthew 16:14
New International Version
They replied, "Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

New Living Translation
"Well," they replied, "some say John the Baptist, some say Elijah, and others say Jeremiah or one of the other prophets."

English Standard Version
And they said, “Some say John the Baptist, others say Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

Berean Study Bible
They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

Berean Literal Bible
And they said, "Some indeed, John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

New American Standard Bible
And they said, "Some say John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; but still others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets."

King James Bible
And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

Christian Standard Bible
They replied, "Some say John the Baptist; others, Elijah; still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

Contemporary English Version
The disciples answered, "Some people say you are John the Baptist or maybe Elijah or Jeremiah or some other prophet."

Good News Translation
"Some say John the Baptist," they answered. "Others say Elijah, while others say Jeremiah or some other prophet."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And they said, "Some say John the Baptist; others, Elijah; still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

International Standard Version
They said, "Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah, and still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

NET Bible
They answered, "Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

New Heart English Bible
They said, "Some say John the Baptist, some, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But they said, “ Some say Yohannan The Baptizer, but others Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of The Prophets.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They answered, "Some say you are John the Baptizer, others Elijah, still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

New American Standard 1977
And they said, “Some say John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; but still others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist; some, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.

King James 2000 Bible
And they said, Some say that you are John the Baptist: some, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.

American King James Version
And they said, Some say that you are John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

American Standard Version
And they said, Some'say John the Baptist; some, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they said: Some John the Baptist, and other some Elias, and others Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

Darby Bible Translation
And they said, Some, John the baptist; and others, Elias; and others again, Jeremias or one of the prophets.

English Revised Version
And they said, Some say John the Baptist; some, Elijah: and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.

Weymouth New Testament
"Some say John the Baptist," they replied; "others Elijah; others Jeremiah or one of the Prophets."

World English Bible
They said, "Some say John the Baptizer, some, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets."

Young's Literal Translation
and they said, 'Some, John the Baptist, and others, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.'
Study Bible
Peter's Confession of Christ
13When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, He questioned His disciples: “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” 14They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” 15“But what about you?” Jesus asked. “Who do you say I am?”…
Cross References
Jeremiah 1:1
These are the words of Jeremiah son of Hilkiah, one of the priests in Anathoth in the territory of Benjamin.

Matthew 3:1
In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the wilderness of Judea

Matthew 14:2
and said to his servants, "This is John the Baptist; he has risen from the dead! This is why miraculous powers are at work in him."

Matthew 16:15
"But what about you?" Jesus asked. "Who do you say I am?"

Matthew 17:10
The disciples asked Him, "Why then do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?"

Mark 6:15
Others said, "He is Elijah," and still others, "He is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old."

Luke 9:8
others that Elijah had appeared, and still others that a prophet of old had arisen.

John 1:21
"Then who are you?" they inquired. "Are you Elijah?" He said, "I am not." "Are you the Prophet?" He answered, "No."

Treasury of Scripture

And they said, Some say that you are John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

John.

Matthew 14:2
And said unto his servants, This is John the Baptist; he is risen from the dead; and therefore mighty works do shew forth themselves in him.

Mark 8:28
And they answered, John the Baptist: but some say, Elias; and others, One of the prophets.

Elias.

Malachi 4:5
Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD:

Mark 6:15
Others said, That it is Elias. And others said, That it is a prophet, or as one of the prophets.

Luke 9:18,19
And it came to pass, as he was alone praying, his disciples were with him: and he asked them, saying, Whom say the people that I am? …







Lexicon
They replied,
εἶπαν (eipan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

“Some
Οἱ (Hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

[say]
μὲν (men)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3303: A primary particle; properly, indicative of affirmation or concession; usually followed by a contrasted clause with de.

John
Ἰωάννην (Iōannēn)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2491: Of Hebrew origin; Joannes, the name of four Israelites.

the
τὸν (ton)
Article - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Baptist;
Βαπτιστήν (Baptistēn)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 910: From baptizo; a baptizer, as an epithet of Christ's forerunner.

others [say]
ἄλλοι (alloi)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 243: Other, another (of more than two), different. A primary word; 'else, ' i.e. Different.

Elijah;
Ἠλίαν (Ēlian)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2243: Elijah, the prophet. Of Hebrew origin; Helias, an Israelite.

and still
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

others,
ἕτεροι (heteroi)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2087: (a) of two: another, a second, (b) other, different, (c) one's neighbor. Of uncertain affinity; other or different.

Jeremiah
Ἰερεμίαν (Ieremian)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2408: Jeremiah, Hebrew prophet. Of Hebrew origin; Hieremias, an Israelite.

or
(ē)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2228: Or, than. A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.

one
ἕνα (hena)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1520: One. (including the neuter Hen); a primary numeral; one.

of the
τῶν (tōn)
Article - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

prophets.”
προφητῶν (prophētōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4396: From a compound of pro and phemi; a foreteller; by analogy, an inspired speaker; by extension, a poet.
(14) And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist.--The passage is of the greatest possible interest as one of the very few that indicate the impressions shaped into beliefs that were floating among the people as to our Lord's character and mission. They were based, it will be seen in each case, upon a popular doctrine of transmigration, to which the Pharisees had given a place in their system of teaching. The great actors of the past were still in existence. They might, at any great national crisis, reappear to continue and complete their work. Each of the answers has a further special interest of its own. (1.) The identification of our Lord with the Baptist has already met us as coming from the lips of the tetrarch Antipas, adopted, but not originated, by him as explaining our Lord's mighty works (Matthew 14:2; Luke 9:7). (2.) The belief that Elijah had reappeared was of the same nature. He was expected as the forerunner of the Messiah (Malachi 4:5). The imagination of the people had at first seen in the Baptist the reappearance of the Tishbite, but he, though working in the spirit and power of Elijah, had disclaimed the character which was thus ascribed to him, and it was natural that the imagination of the people should now turn to One who appeared to them as simply continuing his work. The character of our Lord's recent miracles, corresponding as it did to that which was recorded as wrought by Elijah for the widow of Sarepta (1Kings 17:14), had probably strengthened that impression. (3.) The name of Jeremiah introduces a new train of legendary thought. The impression made by that prophet on the minds of men had led to something like a mythical after-growth. It was said that the spirit of Jeremiah had passed into Zechariah (see Note on Matthew 27:9), and on that assumption another reappearance might well seem probable. He, it was believed, had hidden the ark, and the tabernacle, and the altar of incense in a cave in "the mountain where Moses climbed up and saw the heritage of God"--i.e., in Nebo, or Pisgah (2 Maccabees 2:1-7)--and was expected to come and guide the people in the time "when God should gather His people together" to the place of concealment. He had appeared to Judas Maccabeus in a vision as "a man with grey hairs, and exceeding glorious," and as the guardian prophet of the people, praying for them and for the Holy City, had given him a golden sword as the gift of God (2 Maccabees 15:13-16). As the prophet who had foretold the new covenant and the coming of the Lord our Righteousness (Jeremiah 23:6; Jeremiah 31:31) he was identified, as thoroughly as Isaiah, with the Messianic expectations of the people. Something, we may add, there may have been in our Lord's human aspect, as a Man of sorrows and acquainted with grief, which may have helped to suggest this identification with the prophet who was, above all others of the goodly company, a prophet of lamentations and tears and woe. (4.) The last conjecture was more vague and undefined, and was probably the resource of those who were impressed with wonder at our Lord's words and works, and yet could not bring themselves to acknowledge Him as what He claimed to be. All the four conjectures, it will be seen, fell far short of the recognition of the Christ.

Interpreted in connection with the vision of Daniel 7:13, the words of the question, "Whom do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?" did, in fact, assume His claim to be the Christ. But it remained to be seen whether the disciples had risen to their Lord's meaning in thus speaking of Himself, and would, on their part, adopt that interpretation. The report which they made of the belief of others shows how little, at this time (whatever may have been the case earlier or later), He was regarded as the Messiah by the mass of the people.

Verse 14. - John the Baptist. This was the opinion of Herod Antipas (Matthew 14:1, 2), who fancied that Christ was animated by the spirit of John the Baptist, or was actually that personage' revived; though it was noticed by others that John did no miracle (John 10:41), and lived a life in contrast to that of Christ (Matthew 11:18, 19). Elias; Elijah, who was taken up to heaven without dying, and was announced by Malachi (Malachi 4:5) as destined to return before the appearance of Messiah. Jeremias. Some opined that he was Jeremiah, who was expected to come as a precursor of Messiah (2 Esdras 2:18), and reveal the tabernacle, ark, and the altar of incense, which, according to the legend of 2 Macc. 2:4-7, he had hidden in Mount Nebo, "until the time that God gather his people again together, and receive them unto mercy." One of the prophets. One of the celebrated prophets of antiquity revived, restored to life again to prepare the way for the great consummation. The well known prediction of Moses (Deuteronomy 18:15) may have given rise to this idea. The four popular opinions here mentioned showed two facts - that Jesus had a high reputation among his contemporaries, and that he was by none at this time regarded as the Messiah. Even those who, after certain of his marvellous works, had been ready to honour him with that title, soon cooled in their ardour, and, checked by his reserve and the slanders of the Pharisees, learned to see in him only a wonder-worker or a precursor of the expected Prince and Liberator. 16:13-20 Peter, for himself and his brethren, said that they were assured of our Lord's being the promised Messiah, the Son of the living God. This showed that they believed Jesus to be more than man. Our Lord declared Peter to be blessed, as the teaching of God made him differ from his unbelieving countrymen. Christ added that he had named him Peter, in allusion to his stability or firmness in professing the truth. The word translated rock, is not the same word as Peter, but is of a similar meaning. Nothing can be more wrong than to suppose that Christ meant the person of Peter was the rock. Without doubt Christ himself is the Rock, the tried foundation of the church; and woe to him that attempts to lay any other! Peter's confession is this rock as to doctrine. If Jesus be not the Christ, those that own him are not of the church, but deceivers and deceived. Our Lord next declared the authority with which Peter would be invested. He spoke in the name of his brethren, and this related to them as well as to him. They had no certain knowledge of the characters of men, and were liable to mistakes and sins in their own conduct; but they were kept from error in stating the way of acceptance and salvation, the rule of obedience, the believer's character and experience, and the final doom of unbelievers and hypocrites. In such matters their decision was right, and it was confirmed in heaven. But all pretensions of any man, either to absolve or retain men's sins, are blasphemous and absurd. None can forgive sins but God only. And this binding and loosing, in the common language of the Jews, signified to forbid and to allow, or to teach what is lawful or unlawful.
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