Leviticus 11:41
New International Version
"'Every creature that moves along the ground is to be regarded as unclean; it is not to be eaten.

New Living Translation
“All small animals that scurry along the ground are detestable, and you must never eat them.

English Standard Version
“Every swarming thing that swarms on the ground is detestable; it shall not be eaten.

Berean Study Bible
Every creature that moves along the ground is detestable; it must not be eaten.

New American Standard Bible
'Now every swarming thing that swarms on the earth is detestable, not to be eaten.

New King James Version
‘And every creeping thing that creeps on the earth shall be an abomination. It shall not be eaten.

King James Bible
And every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth shall be an abomination; it shall not be eaten.

Christian Standard Bible
"All the creatures that swarm on the earth are abhorrent; they must not be eaten.

Good News Translation
You must not eat any of the small animals that move on the ground,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All the creatures that swarm on the earth are detestable; they must not be eaten.

International Standard Version
"Every swarming thing that swarms the land is detestable for you. It is not to be eaten.

NET Bible
Every swarming thing that swarms on the land is detestable; it must not be eaten.

New Heart English Bible
"'Every swarming thing that swarms on the earth is an abomination. It shall not be eaten.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Any creature that swarms on the ground is disgusting and must not be eaten.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And every swarming thing that swarmeth upon the earth is a detestable thing; it shall not be eaten.

New American Standard 1977
‘Now every swarming thing that swarms on the earth is detestable, not to be eaten.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And every reptile that creeps upon the earth is an abomination; it shall not be eaten.

King James 2000 Bible
And every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth shall be an abomination; it shall not be eaten.

American King James Version
And every creeping thing that creeps on the earth shall be an abomination; it shall not be eaten.

American Standard Version
And every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth is an abomination; it shall not be eaten.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And every reptile that creeps on the earth, this shall be an abomination to you; it shall not be eaten.

Douay-Rheims Bible
41All that creepeth upon the earth shall be abominable, neither shall it be taken for meat.

Darby Bible Translation
And every crawling thing which crawleth on the earth shall be an abomination; it shall not be eaten.

English Revised Version
And every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth is an abomination; it shall not be eaten.

Webster's Bible Translation
And every creeping animal that creepeth upon the earth shall be an abomination; it shall not be eaten.

World English Bible
"'Every creeping thing that creeps on the earth is an abomination. It shall not be eaten.

Young's Literal Translation
'And every teeming thing which is teeming on the earth is an abomination, it is not eaten;
Study Bible
Clean and Unclean Animals
40Anyone who eats from the carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening, and anyone who picks up the carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening. 41Every creature that moves along the ground is detestable; it must not be eaten. 42Do not eat any creature that moves along the ground, whether it crawls on its belly or walks on four or more feet; for such creatures are detestable.…
Cross References
Genesis 1:20
And God said, "Let the waters teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the sky."

Genesis 7:21
And every creature that had moved upon the earth perished--birds, livestock, animals, every creature that swarms upon the earth, and all mankind.

Leviticus 11:29
The following creatures that move along the ground are unclean for you: the mole, the mouse, any kind of great lizard,

Leviticus 11:42
Do not eat any creature that moves along the ground, whether it crawls on its belly or walks on four or more feet; for such creatures are detestable.

Treasury of Scripture

And every creeping thing that creeps on the earth shall be an abomination; it shall not be eaten.

Leviticus 11:20,23,29
All fowls that creep, going upon all four, shall be an abomination unto you…







Lexicon
Every
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

creature
הַשֶּׁ֖רֶץ (haš·še·reṣ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8318: A swarm, active mass of minute animals

that moves
הַשֹּׁרֵ֣ץ (haš·šō·rêṣ)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8317: To wriggle, swarm, abound

along
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the ground
הָאָ֑רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

is detestable;
שֶׁ֥קֶץ (še·qeṣ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8263: Detestation, detestable thing

it
ה֖וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

must not
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

be eaten.
יֵאָכֵֽל׃ (yê·’ā·ḵêl)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat
(41) And every creeping thing.--Besides the eight reptiles which defile by touching their carcase, and which are enumerated in Leviticus 11:29-30, all other creeping things upon the earth, with the exception of those specified in Leviticus 11:21-22, are to be treated as an abomination, and must not be eaten, though their carcases do not defile by coming in contact with them. From the fact that the creeping things here proscribed are expressly described as "creeping upon the earth," the administrators of the law during the second Temple concluded that the small worms which do not creep upon the earth do not come within the operation of this prohibition. Hence worms bred in vegetables, fruit, and certain kinds of food are permitted. Thus the worms in figs, dates, and berries, the mites in peas, beans, and lentils, the maggots in cheese, the insects found in the flesh and under the skin of fishes, are not proscribed, and only when they quit the object wherein they have been generated, and creep about upon the ground, are they forbidden. Hence the Chaldee Version of Jonathan renders the passage "and every creeping thing that flieth is unclean unto you" (Deuteronomy 14:19) by "and all bees and wasps, and all worms of vegetables and of pulse which leave the objects of food and fly like birds, are unclean unto you."

Verses 41-43. - The last class is that of vermin, which constitute a part of the un-winged creeping class already spoken of (verses 29, 30). Whatsoever goeth upon the belly indicates snakes, worms, maggots: whatsoever goeth upon all four, things that grovel, as moles, rats, hedgehogs; whatsoever hath more feet, or doth multiply feet, centipedes, caterpillars, spiders. 11:1-47 What animals were clean and unclean. - These laws seem to have been intended, 1. As a test of the people's obedience, as Adam was forbidden to eat of the tree of knowledge; and to teach them self-denial, and the government of their appetites. 2. To keep the Israelites distinct from other nations. Many also of these forbidden animals were objects of superstition and idolatry to the heathen. 3. The people were taught to make distinctions between the holy and unholy in their companions and intimate connexions. 4. The law forbad, not only the eating of the unclean beasts, but the touching of them. Those who would be kept from any sin, must be careful to avoid all temptations to it, or coming near it. The exceptions are very minute, and all were designed to call forth constant care and exactness in their obedience; and to teach us to obey. Whilst we enjoy our Christian liberty, and are free from such burdensome observances, we must be careful not to abuse our liberty. For the Lord hath redeemed and called his people, that they may be holy, even as he is holy. We must come out, and be separate from the world; we must leave the company of the ungodly, and all needless connexions with those who are dead in sin; we must be zealous of good works devoted followers of God, and companions of his people.
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