Leviticus 11:31
New International Version
Of all those that move along the ground, these are unclean for you. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean till evening.

New Living Translation
All these small animals are unclean for you. If any of you touch the dead body of such an animal, you will be defiled until evening.

English Standard Version
These are unclean to you among all that swarm. Whoever touches them when they are dead shall be unclean until the evening.

Berean Study Bible
These animals are unclean for you among all the crawling creatures. Whoever touches them when they are dead shall be unclean until evening.

King James Bible
These are unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever doth touch them, when they be dead, shall be unclean until the even.

New King James Version
These are unclean to you among all that creep. Whoever touches them when they are dead shall be unclean until evening.

New American Standard Bible
These are to you the unclean among all the swarming things; whoever touches them when they are dead becomes unclean until evening.

NASB 1995
'These are to you the unclean among all the swarming things; whoever touches them when they are dead becomes unclean until evening.

NASB 1977
‘These are to you the unclean among all the swarming things; whoever touches them when they are dead becomes unclean until evening.

Amplified Bible
These [creatures] are unclean to you among all that swarm; whoever touches them when they are dead becomes unclean until evening.

Christian Standard Bible
These are unclean for you among all the swarming creatures. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean until evening.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These are unclean for you among all the swarming creatures. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean until evening.

American Standard Version
These are they which are unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever doth touch them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the even.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
These are defiled among every creeping thing; everything that touches them when they are dead shall be defiled until evening.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
These are unclean to you of all the reptiles which are on the earth; every one who touches their carcases shall be unclean till evening.

Contemporary English Version
Anyone who touches their dead bodies or anything touched by their dead bodies becomes unclean until evening.

Douay-Rheims Bible
31All these are unclean. He that toucheth their carcasses shall be unclean until the evening.

English Revised Version
These are they which are unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever doth touch them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the even.

Good News Translation
Whoever touches them or their dead bodies will be unclean until evening.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Among all the swarming creatures that move on the ground, these are unclean for you. Whoever touches their dead bodies will be unclean until evening.

International Standard Version
These are unclean for you among the swarming creatures, so anyone who touches them when they're dead becomes unclean until evening.

JPS Tanakh 1917
These are they which are unclean to you among all that swarm; whosoever doth touch them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the even.

Literal Standard Version
these [are] the unclean to you among all which are teeming; anyone who is coming against them in their death is unclean until the evening.

NET Bible
These are the ones that are unclean to you among all the swarming things. Anyone who touches them when they die will be unclean until evening.

New Heart English Bible
These are they which are unclean to you among all that crawl. Whoever touches them when they are dead, shall be unclean until the evening.

World English Bible
These are they which are unclean to you among all that creep. Whoever touches them when they are dead, shall be unclean until the evening.

Young's Literal Translation
these are the unclean to you among all which are teeming; any one who is coming against them in their death is unclean till the evening.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Clean and Unclean Animals
30the gecko, the monitor lizard, the common lizard, the skink, and the chameleon. 31These animals are unclean for you among all the crawling creatures. Whoever touches them when they are dead shall be unclean until evening. 32When one of them dies and falls on something, that article becomes unclean; any article of wood, clothing, leather, sackcloth, or any implement used for work must be rinsed with water and will remain unclean until evening; then it will be clean.…

Cross References
Genesis 1:20
And God said, "Let the waters teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the sky."

Leviticus 11:30
the gecko, the monitor lizard, the common lizard, the skink, and the chameleon.

Leviticus 11:32
When one of them dies and falls on something, that article becomes unclean; any article of wood, clothing, leather, sackcloth, or any implement used for work must be rinsed with water and will remain unclean until evening; then it will be clean.


Treasury of Scripture

These are unclean to you among all that creep: whoever does touch them, when they be dead, shall be unclean until the even.

Leviticus 11:8,24,25
Of their flesh shall ye not eat, and their carcase shall ye not touch; they are unclean to you…









(31) These are unclean.--Better, these are the most unclean, as Leviticus 11:29. That is, the eight animals thus enumerated are pre-eminently unclean of all the creeping things.

When they be dead.--The phrase, "whosoever doth touch them when they be dead," is simply another expression for "whosoever toucheth the carcase of them," which is used in Leviticus 11:24. Defilement is only contracted when their dead bodies are touched, but not if touched when alive. According to the canon which obtained during the second Temple, "there is no kind of living creature that becomes defiled while it is alive, or defiles when it is alive, save man only."

Verses 31-38. - As the little animals just mentioned - weasels, mice, and lizards - are more likely than those of a larger size to be found dead in domestic utensils and clothes, a further warning as to their defiling character is added, with talcs for daily use. The words translated ranges for pots (verse 35) should rather be rendered covered pots, that is, pots or kettles with lids to them. Seed which is to be sown, that is, seed corn, is not defiled by contact with these dead animals, unless it has been wetted by water being put on it, in which case the moisture would convey the corruption into the seeds.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
These [animals]
אֵ֛לֶּה (’êl·leh)
Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

are unclean
הַטְּמֵאִ֥ים (haṭ·ṭə·mê·’îm)
Article | Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's 2931: Unclean

for you among all
בְּכָל־ (bə·ḵāl)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the crawling creatures.
הַשָּׁ֑רֶץ (haš·šā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 8318: A swarm, active mass of minute animals

Whoever
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

touches
הַנֹּגֵ֧עַ (han·nō·ḡê·a‘)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 5060: To touch, lay the hand upon, to reach, violently, to strike

them
בָּהֶ֛ם (bā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

when they are dead
בְּמֹתָ֖ם (bə·mō·ṯām)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 4194: Death, the dead, their place, state, pestilence, ruin

shall be unclean
יִטְמָ֥א (yiṭ·mā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2930: To be or become unclean

until
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

evening.
הָעָֽרֶב׃ (hā·‘ā·reḇ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6153: Evening


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OT Law: Leviticus 11:31 These are they which are unclean (Le Lv Lev.)
Leviticus 11:30
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