Leviticus 11:30
New International Version
the gecko, the monitor lizard, the wall lizard, the skink and the chameleon.

New Living Translation
the gecko, the monitor lizard, the common lizard, the sand lizard, and the chameleon.

English Standard Version
the gecko, the monitor lizard, the lizard, the sand lizard, and the chameleon.

Berean Study Bible
the gecko, the monitor lizard, the common lizard, the skink, and the chameleon.

New American Standard Bible
and the gecko, and the crocodile, and the lizard, and the sand reptile, and the chameleon.

King James Bible
And the ferret, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the mole.

Christian Standard Bible
geckos, monitor lizards, common lizards, skinks, and chameleons.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
the gecko, the monitor lizard, the common lizard, the skink, and the chameleon.

International Standard Version
the gecko, crocodile, lizard, sand lizard, and chameleon.

NET Bible
the Mediterranean gecko, the spotted lizard, the wall gecko, the skink, and the chameleon.

New Heart English Bible
the gecko, and the monitor lizard, the wall lizard, the skink, and the chameleon.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
geckos, monitors, lizards, skinks, and chameleons.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and the gecko, and the land-crocodile, and the lizard, and the sand-lizard, and the chameleon.

New American Standard 1977
and the gecko, and the crocodile, and the lizard, and the sand reptile, and the chameleon.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and the ferret and the lizard and the snail and the slug and the mole.

King James 2000 Bible
And the gecko, and the monitor lizard, and the wall lizard, and the sand lizard, and the chameleon.

American King James Version
And the ferret, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the mole.

American Standard Version
and the gecko, and the land-crocodile, and the lizard, and the sand-lizard, and the chameleon.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
the ferret, and the chameleon, and the evet, and the newt, and the mole.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The shrew, and the chameleon, and the stello, and the lizard, and the mole:

Darby Bible Translation
and the groaning lizard, and the great red lizard, and the climbing lizard, and the chomet, and the chameleon.

English Revised Version
and the gecko, and the land-crocodile, and the lizard, and the sand-lizard, and the chameleon.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the ferret and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the mole.

World English Bible
the gecko, and the monitor lizard, the wall lizard, the skink, and the chameleon.

Young's Literal Translation
and the ferret, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the mole;
Study Bible
Clean and Unclean Animals
29The following creatures that move along the ground are unclean for you: the mole, the mouse, any kind of great lizard, 30the gecko, the monitor lizard, the common lizard, the skink, and the chameleon. 31These animals are unclean for you among all the crawling creatures. Whoever touches them when they are dead shall be unclean until evening.…
Cross References
Leviticus 11:29
The following creatures that move along the ground are unclean for you: the mole, the mouse, any kind of great lizard,

Leviticus 11:31
These animals are unclean for you among all the crawling creatures. Whoever touches them when they are dead shall be unclean until evening.

Treasury of Scripture

And the ferret, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the mole.







Lexicon
the gecko,
וְהָאֲנָקָ֥ה (wə·hā·’ă·nā·qāh)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 604: Some kind of lizard, the gecko

the monitor lizard,
וְהַכֹּ֖חַ (wə·hak·kō·aḥ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3581: A small reptile (of unknown species)

the common lizard,
וְהַלְּטָאָ֑ה (wə·hal·lə·ṭā·’āh)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3911: (a kind of) lizard

the skink,
וְהַחֹ֖מֶט (wə·ha·ḥō·meṭ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2546: (a kind of) lizard

and the chameleon.
וְהַתִּנְשָֽׁמֶת׃ (wə·hat·tin·šā·meṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8580: A hard breather, two unclean creatures, a lizard and a, bird, the tree-toad and the water-hen
(30) And the ferret.--The ancient legal authorities explain this name (anakah), which only occurs here in the Hebrew Scriptures, by kipor or kipod, "an animal whose body is entirely covered with sharp prickles, and when touched the creature draws in its legs and rolls itself up in a ball." Its skin in ancient days was tied round the udder of cows to prevent other reptiles sucking out their milk. There can, therefore, be no doubt that the administrators of the law took it to be the hedgehog. Some ancient versions, however, render it by shrew mouse, whilst some modern expositors make it the gecko.

And the chameleon.--The ancient versions agree that by this animal (khoach), which denotes "strength," and which occurs nowhere else in the Bible as the name of a reptile, is meant the chameleon. Its power of enduring for a long time without food, which led the ancients to believe that it entirely subsisted upon air, may be the cause both of its Hebrew name (as specified above), and the name chameleon, i.e., "a lion on the ground," a reptile with the strength of a lion, The belief that it lives upon the air had also given rise to its Aramaic name in the time of Christ (zekitha), which denotes the animal that fills itself with air. The perplexity which the administrators of the law experienced about its food, and the time of feeding this creature, may be gathered from the story in the Talmud attributed to one of the sons of Noah, of what happened in the Ark. Sem, the son of Noah, said, "We had much trouble with the chameleon, for whilst we fed the day animals by day and the night animals by night, we did not know what the chameleon fed on. One day, however, I broke open a pomegranate, and a worm fell out of it, which the creature immediately devoured. Afterwards I pounded together fruit, and when it bred maggots the chameleon ate them." The common chameleon is found in Syria and Palestine, and some eastern tribes believe that its flesh when eaten boiled is a remedy for leanness, and if eaten dry cures fever. In Spain chameleons are kept in rooms to destroy troublesome flies.

And the lizard.--Though the ancient authorities agree that the creature here named (l'taah) is lizard, yet the description which the administrators of the law give of it, does not enable us to define the species to which it belongs. The characteristics which they give of the lizard are as follows: It has a thick though soft and smooth skin, and lays eggs in which the yolk and the white are not separated. Its tail when cut off will move for some time afterwards, and the creature itself when apparently dead will sometimes revive by pouring cold water over it.

And the snail.--This meaning of the Hebrew name (chomet) is attested by the highest Jewish authorities of ancient times. It denotes the testaceous kinds, whilst the word (shabbel) in Psalm 58:8 describes the naked species. Snails abound in a great variety of species in the East, and some kinds were eaten by the ancients as a great luxury. It was believed that the slime which it constantly emits as it crawls along brings about its death by a process of dissolution. Hence the remark "and snail which melteth, let every one of them pass away" (Psalm 58:8).

And the mole.--The word (tinshemeth) here translated "mole" is the same which is used in Leviticus 11:18 for an unclean bird. That the Authorised Version, however, gives the correct rendering of the word is not only attested by the ancient versions, but by the following description, which the administrators of the law in the time of Christ give of the reptile here intended. It has no eyes, and burrows into the earth, and destroys the roots. For this reason, as well as for its carrying quantities of corn to its nest, it was ordained during the second Temple that the creature may be killed on the middle days of the two pilgrim festivals, i.e., of the Feasts of Passover and of Tabernacles. In Isaiah 2:20, however, which is the only other passage where the mole occurs in the Hebrew Scriptures, the name for it is cnapar perah. We have already seen in the case of the snail that two different names for the same creature are used designedly to describe the different characteristics of the same animal.

11:1-47 What animals were clean and unclean. - These laws seem to have been intended, 1. As a test of the people's obedience, as Adam was forbidden to eat of the tree of knowledge; and to teach them self-denial, and the government of their appetites. 2. To keep the Israelites distinct from other nations. Many also of these forbidden animals were objects of superstition and idolatry to the heathen. 3. The people were taught to make distinctions between the holy and unholy in their companions and intimate connexions. 4. The law forbad, not only the eating of the unclean beasts, but the touching of them. Those who would be kept from any sin, must be careful to avoid all temptations to it, or coming near it. The exceptions are very minute, and all were designed to call forth constant care and exactness in their obedience; and to teach us to obey. Whilst we enjoy our Christian liberty, and are free from such burdensome observances, we must be careful not to abuse our liberty. For the Lord hath redeemed and called his people, that they may be holy, even as he is holy. We must come out, and be separate from the world; we must leave the company of the ungodly, and all needless connexions with those who are dead in sin; we must be zealous of good works devoted followers of God, and companions of his people.
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OT Law: Leviticus 11:30 The gecko and the monitor lizard (Le Lv Lev.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Leviticus 11:29
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