Leviticus 11:39
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"'If an animal that you are allowed to eat dies, anyone who touches its carcass will be unclean till evening.

New Living Translation
"If an animal you are permitted to eat dies and you touch its carcass, you will be defiled until evening.

English Standard Version
“And if any animal which you may eat dies, whoever touches its carcass shall be unclean until the evening,

Berean Study Bible
If an animal that you may eat dies, anyone who touches the carcass will be unclean until evening.

New American Standard Bible
'Also if one of the animals dies which you have for food, the one who touches its carcass becomes unclean until evening.

King James Bible
And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die; he that toucheth the carcase thereof shall be unclean until the even.

Christian Standard Bible
"If one of the animals that you use for food dies, anyone who touches its carcass will be unclean until evening.

Contemporary English Version
If an animal that may be eaten happens to die, and you touch it, you become unclean until evening.

Good News Translation
If any animal that may be eaten dies, anyone who touches it will be unclean until evening.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If one of the animals that you use for food dies, anyone who touches its carcass will be unclean until evening.

International Standard Version
"If any of the animals that you may eat dies, the one who touches its carcass becomes unclean until evening.

NET Bible
"'Now if an animal that you may eat dies, whoever touches its carcass will be unclean until the evening.

New Heart English Bible
"'If any animal, of which you may eat, dies; he who touches its carcass shall be unclean until the evening.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"When any animal that you are allowed to eat dies, whoever touches its dead body will be unclean until evening.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die, he that toucheth the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the even.

New American Standard 1977
‘Also if one of the animals dies which you have for food, the one who touches its carcass becomes unclean until evening.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And if any animal of which ye may eat dies, he that touches the carcase thereof shall be unclean until the evening;

King James 2000 Bible
And if any animal, of which you may eat, dies; he that touches the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the evening.

American King James Version
And if any beast, of which you may eat, die; he that touches the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the even.

American Standard Version
And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die; he that toucheth the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the even.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If any beast die, of which it is lawful for you to eat, he that toucheth the carcass thereof, shall be unclean until the evening:

Darby Bible Translation
And if any beast which is to you for food die, he that toucheth the carcase thereof shall be unclean until the even.

English Revised Version
And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die; he that toucheth the carcase thereof shall be unclean until the even.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if any beast, of which ye may eat, shall die; he that toucheth its carcass shall be unclean until the evening.

World English Bible
"'If any animal, of which you may eat, dies; he who touches its carcass shall be unclean until the evening.

Young's Literal Translation
'And when any of the beasts which are to you for food dieth, he who is coming against its carcase is unclean till the evening;
Study Bible
Clean and Unclean Animals
38but if water has been put on the seed and a carcass falls on it, it is unclean for you. 39If an animal that you may eat dies, anyone who touches the carcass will be unclean until evening. 40Anyone who eats from the carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening, and anyone who picks up the carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening.…
Cross References
Leviticus 11:38
but if water has been put on the seed and a carcass falls on it, it is unclean for you.

Leviticus 11:40
Anyone who eats from the carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening, and anyone who picks up the carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening.

Leviticus 22:4
None of Aaron's descendants who has a skin disease or a discharge shall eat from the sacred offerings until he is clean. Whoever touches anything defiled by a corpse or by a man who has an emission of semen,

Leviticus 22:8
He must not eat anything found dead or torn by wild animals, which would make him unclean. I am the LORD.

Treasury of Scripture

And if any beast, of which you may eat, die; he that touches the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the even.

Leviticus 11:24,28,31,40 And for these you shall be unclean: whoever touches the carcass of …

Leviticus 15:5,7 And whoever touches his bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself …

Numbers 19:11,16 He that touches the dead body of any man shall be unclean seven days…







(39) And if any beast.--That is, a clean animal, which is both bisulcous and ruminant, but which has not been properly slaughtered, having died from any disease or accident. During the second Temple, the law here enacted was restricted to quadrupeds, domestic or wild, but was not applicable to birds and fishes.

He that toucheth the carcase.--The carcase, in this case, is to be regarded as the dead body of an unclean animal (see Leviticus 11:24-28), and defiles by contact. (See also Leviticus 17:15.) This, however, only applies to the flesh of the quadruped. The skin, the bones, the sinews, the horns, and the claws are clean, the sacred Scriptures even being written on the prepared skins; and the horns used for the trumpets or horns of the sanctuary, according to the canons of the Pharisees, whilst the Samaritans and the Sadducees regarded them as polluting.

Verses 39, 40. - The loathsomeness of the bodies of even clean animals that have died a natural death, makes them also the means of conveying defilement to any one who touches them. And if any beast of which ye may eat die,.... Any clean beast, as the ox, sheep, goat, deer, &c. what, if rightly killed, is very lawful to eat of; but if it died of itself through any distemper, or was torn by the wild beasts, so the Targum of Jonathan:

he that toucheth the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the even; not the bones, nerves, horns, hoofs, or skin, as Jarchi observes; these might be handled, because some of them, at least, were wrought up into one instrument or another, by artificers, for use and service, but the flesh of them might not be touched; whoever did touch it was ceremonially unclean, and might not go into the sanctuary, or have conversation with men, until the evening of the day in which this was done. 11:1-47 What animals were clean and unclean. - These laws seem to have been intended, 1. As a test of the people's obedience, as Adam was forbidden to eat of the tree of knowledge; and to teach them self-denial, and the government of their appetites. 2. To keep the Israelites distinct from other nations. Many also of these forbidden animals were objects of superstition and idolatry to the heathen. 3. The people were taught to make distinctions between the holy and unholy in their companions and intimate connexions. 4. The law forbad, not only the eating of the unclean beasts, but the touching of them. Those who would be kept from any sin, must be careful to avoid all temptations to it, or coming near it. The exceptions are very minute, and all were designed to call forth constant care and exactness in their obedience; and to teach us to obey. Whilst we enjoy our Christian liberty, and are free from such burdensome observances, we must be careful not to abuse our liberty. For the Lord hath redeemed and called his people, that they may be holy, even as he is holy. We must come out, and be separate from the world; we must leave the company of the ungodly, and all needless connexions with those who are dead in sin; we must be zealous of good works devoted followers of God, and companions of his people.
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