Leviticus 11:39
New International Version
"'If an animal that you are allowed to eat dies, anyone who touches its carcass will be unclean till evening.

New Living Translation
“If an animal you are permitted to eat dies and you touch its carcass, you will be defiled until evening.

English Standard Version
“And if any animal which you may eat dies, whoever touches its carcass shall be unclean until the evening,

Berean Study Bible
If an animal that you may eat dies, anyone who touches the carcass will be unclean until evening.

King James Bible
And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die; he that toucheth the carcase thereof shall be unclean until the even.

New King James Version
‘And if any animal which you may eat dies, he who touches its carcass shall be unclean until evening.

New American Standard Bible
‘Also if one of the animals dies which you have for food, the one who touches its carcass becomes unclean until evening.

NASB 1995
'Also if one of the animals dies which you have for food, the one who touches its carcass becomes unclean until evening.

NASB 1977
‘Also if one of the animals dies which you have for food, the one who touches its carcass becomes unclean until evening.

Amplified Bible
‘If one of the animals that you may eat dies [of natural causes], whoever touches its carcass becomes unclean until the evening.

Christian Standard Bible
“If one of the animals that you use for food dies, anyone who touches its carcass will be unclean until evening.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If one of the animals that you use for food dies, anyone who touches its carcass will be unclean until evening.

American Standard Version
And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die; he that toucheth the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the even.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if one of a beast that is clean to you to eat should die, everyone who will touch its carcass shall be defiled until evening.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if one of the cattle die, which it is lawful for you to eat, he that touches their carcases shall be unclean till evening.

Contemporary English Version
If an animal that may be eaten happens to die, and you touch it, you become unclean until evening.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If any beast die, of which it is lawful for you to eat, he that toucheth the carcass thereof, shall be unclean until the evening:

English Revised Version
And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die; he that toucheth the carcase thereof shall be unclean until the even.

Good News Translation
If any animal that may be eaten dies, anyone who touches it will be unclean until evening.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"When any animal that you are allowed to eat dies, whoever touches its dead body will be unclean until evening.

International Standard Version
"If any of the animals that you may eat dies, the one who touches its carcass becomes unclean until evening.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die, he that toucheth the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the even.

Literal Standard Version
And when any of the beasts which are for food for you dies, he who is coming against its carcass is unclean until the evening;

NET Bible
"'Now if an animal that you may eat dies, whoever touches its carcass will be unclean until the evening.

New Heart English Bible
"'If any animal, of which you may eat, dies; he who touches its carcass shall be unclean until the evening.

World English Bible
"'If any animal, of which you may eat, dies; he who touches its carcass shall be unclean until the evening.

Young's Literal Translation
'And when any of the beasts which are to you for food dieth, he who is coming against its carcase is unclean till the evening;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Clean and Unclean Animals
38but if water has been put on the seed and a carcass falls on it, it is unclean for you. 39If an animal that you may eat dies, anyone who touches the carcass will be unclean until evening. 40Whoever eats from the carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening, and anyone who picks up the carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening.…

Cross References
Leviticus 11:38
but if water has been put on the seed and a carcass falls on it, it is unclean for you.

Leviticus 11:40
Whoever eats from the carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening, and anyone who picks up the carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening.

Leviticus 22:4
If a descendant of Aaron has a skin disease or a discharge, he may not eat the sacred offerings until he is clean. Whoever touches anything defiled by a corpse or by a man who has an emission of semen,

Leviticus 22:8
He must not eat anything found dead or torn by wild animals, which would make him unclean. I am the LORD.


Treasury of Scripture

And if any beast, of which you may eat, die; he that touches the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the even.

Leviticus 11:24,28,31,40
And for these ye shall be unclean: whosoever toucheth the carcase of them shall be unclean until the even…

Leviticus 15:5,7
And whosoever toucheth his bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even…

Numbers 19:11,16
He that toucheth the dead body of any man shall be unclean seven days…









(39) And if any beast.--That is, a clean animal, which is both bisulcous and ruminant, but which has not been properly slaughtered, having died from any disease or accident. During the second Temple, the law here enacted was restricted to quadrupeds, domestic or wild, but was not applicable to birds and fishes.

He that toucheth the carcase.--The carcase, in this case, is to be regarded as the dead body of an unclean animal (see Leviticus 11:24-28), and defiles by contact. (See also Leviticus 17:15.) This, however, only applies to the flesh of the quadruped. The skin, the bones, the sinews, the horns, and the claws are clean, the sacred Scriptures even being written on the prepared skins; and the horns used for the trumpets or horns of the sanctuary, according to the canons of the Pharisees, whilst the Samaritans and the Sadducees regarded them as polluting.

Verses 39, 40. - The loathsomeness of the bodies of even clean animals that have died a natural death, makes them also the means of conveying defilement to any one who touches them.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
If
וְכִ֤י (wə·ḵî)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

an
מִן־ (min-)
Preposition
Strong's 4480: A part of, from, out of

animal
הַבְּהֵמָ֔ה (hab·bə·hê·māh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 929: A dumb beast, any large quadruped, animal

that
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

you
לָכֶ֖ם (lā·ḵem)
Preposition | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

may eat
לְאָכְלָ֑ה (lə·’āḵ·lāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 402: Food, eating

dies,
יָמוּת֙ (yā·mūṯ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill

anyone who touches
הַנֹּגֵ֥עַ (han·nō·ḡê·a‘)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 5060: To touch, lay the hand upon, to reach, violently, to strike

the carcass
בְּנִבְלָתָ֖הּ (bə·niḇ·lā·ṯāh)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 5038: A flabby thing, a carcase, carrion, an idol

will be unclean
יִטְמָ֥א (yiṭ·mā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2930: To be or become unclean

until
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

evening.
הָעָֽרֶב׃ (hā·‘ā·reḇ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6153: Evening


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OT Law: Leviticus 11:39 If any animal of which you may (Le Lv Lev.)
Leviticus 11:38
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