Judges 19:1
New International Version
In those days Israel had no king. Now a Levite who lived in a remote area in the hill country of Ephraim took a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.

New Living Translation
Now in those days Israel had no king. There was a man from the tribe of Levi living in a remote area of the hill country of Ephraim. One day he brought home a woman from Bethlehem in Judah to be his concubine.

English Standard Version
In those days, when there was no king in Israel, a certain Levite was sojourning in the remote parts of the hill country of Ephraim, who took to himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.

Berean Study Bible
In those days, when there was no king in Israel, a Levite who lived in the remote hill country of Ephraim took for himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.

New American Standard Bible
Now it came about in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite staying in the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, who took a concubine for himself from Bethlehem in Judah.

King James Bible
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehemjudah.

Christian Standard Bible
In those days, when there was no king in Israel, a Levite staying in a remote part of the hill country of Ephraim acquired a woman from Bethlehem in Judah as his concubine.

Contemporary English Version
Before kings ruled Israel, a Levite was living deep in the hill country of the Ephraim tribe. He married a woman from Bethlehem in Judah,

Good News Translation
In those days before Israel had a king, there was a Levite living far back in the hill country of Ephraim. He took a young woman from Bethlehem in Judah to be his concubine.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In those days, when there was no king in Israel, a Levite living in a remote part of the hill country of Ephraim acquired a woman from Bethlehem in Judah as his concubine.

International Standard Version
Now it happened in those days, before there was a king in Israel, that a certain male descendant of Levi, who lived in a remote part of the mountainous region of Ephraim, took a mistress for himself from Bethlehem in the territory of Judah.

NET Bible
In those days Israel had no king. There was a Levite living temporarily in the remote region of the Ephraimite hill country. He acquired a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah.

New Heart English Bible
It happened in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the farther side of the hill country of Ephraim, who took for himself a concubine from Bethlehem Judah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In those days when Israel didn't have a king, there was a Levite who lived in a remote area in the mountains of Ephraim. He took a woman from Bethlehem in Judah to be his concubine.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the farther side of the hill-country of Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Beth-lehem in Judah.

New American Standard 1977
Now it came about in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite staying in the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, who took a concubine for himself from Bethlehem in Judah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
In those days when there was no king in Israel, there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of Mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehem of Judah.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehemjudah.

American King James Version
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehemjudah.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the farther side of the hill-country of Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Beth-lehem-judah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
There was a certain Levite, who dwelt on the side of mount Ephraim, who took a wife of Bethlehem Juda:

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that a certain Levite, sojourning on the further side of mount Ephraim, took him a concubine out of Bethlehem-Judah.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass in these days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the farther side of the hill country of Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Beth-lehem-judah.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite dwelling on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Beth-lehem-judah.

World English Bible
It happened in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite living on the farther side of the hill country of Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehem Judah.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass, in those days, when there is no king in Israel, that there is a man a Levite, a sojourner in the sides of the hill-country of Ephraim, and he taketh to him a wife, a concubine, out of Beth-Lehem-Judah;
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Levite and His Concubine
1In those days, when there was no king in Israel, a Levite who lived in the remote hill country of Ephraim took for himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah. 2But she was unfaithful to him and left him to return to her father’s house in Bethlehem in Judah. After she had been there four months,…
Cross References
Judges 17:6
In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

Judges 17:7
And there was a young Levite from Bethlehem in Judah, who had been residing within the clan of Judah.

Judges 18:1
In those days there was no king in Israel, and the tribe of the Danites was looking for territory to occupy. For up to that time they had not come into an inheritance among the tribes of Israel.

Judges 19:2
But she was unfaithful to him and left him to return to her father's house in Bethlehem in Judah. After she had been there four months,

Judges 19:16
That evening an old man from the hill country of Ephraim, who was residing in Gibeah (the men of that place were Benjamites) came in from his work in the field.

Judges 21:25
In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehemjudah.

when there

Judges 17:6 In those days there was no king in Israel, but every man did that …

Judges 18:1 In those days there was no king in Israel: and in those days the …

Judges 21:25 In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which …

mount

Judges 17:1,8 And there was a man of mount Ephraim, whose name was Micah…

Joshua 24:30,33 And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnathserah, …

a concubine. Heb. a woman, a concubine, or a wife, a concubine.

Genesis 22:24 And his concubine, whose name was Reumah, she bore also Tebah, and …

Genesis 25:6 But to the sons of the concubines, which Abraham had, Abraham gave …

2 Samuel 3:7 And Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of …

2 Samuel 5:13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after …

2 Samuel 16:22 So they spread Absalom a tent on the top of the house; and Absalom …

2 Samuel 19:5 And Joab came into the house to the king, and said, You have shamed …

2 Samuel 20:3 And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten …

1 Kings 11:3 And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: …

2 Chronicles 11:21 And Rehoboam loved Maachah the daughter of Absalom above all his …

Esther 2:14 In the evening she went, and on the morrow she returned into the …

Songs 6:8,9 There are three score queens, and fourscore concubines, and virgins …

Daniel 5:3 Then they brought the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple …

Malachi 2:15 And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And …

Beth-lehem-judah

Judges 17:8 And the man departed out of the city from Bethlehemjudah to sojourn …

Genesis 35:19 And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.

Matthew 2:6 And you Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, are not the least among the …







Lexicon
In those
הָהֵ֔ם (hā·hêm)
Article | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

days,
בַּיָּמִ֣ים (bay·yā·mîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

when there was no
אֵ֣ין (’ên)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

king
וּמֶ֖לֶךְ (ū·me·leḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

in Israel,
בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (bə·yiś·rā·’êl)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

a Levite
לֵוִ֗י (lê·wî)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3881: Levites -- descendant of Levi

who lived
גָּ֚ר (gār)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1481: To turn aside from the road, sojourn, to shrink, fear, to gather for, hostility

in the remote
בְּיַרְכְּתֵ֣י (bə·yar·kə·ṯê)
Preposition-b | Noun - fdc
Strong's Hebrew 3411: Flank, side, extreme parts, recesses

hill country
הַר־ (har-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2022: Mountain, hill, hill country

of Ephraim
אֶפְרַ֔יִם (’ep̄·ra·yim)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 669: Ephraim -- a son of Joseph, also his descendants and their territory

took
וַיִּֽקַּֽח־ (way·yiq·qaḥ-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take

for himself
לוֹ֙ (lōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 0: 0

a concubine
פִילֶ֔גֶשׁ (p̄î·le·ḡeš)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6370: A concubine, a paramour

from
מִבֵּ֥ית (mib·bêṯ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 0: 0

Bethlehem
לֶ֖חֶם (le·ḥem)
Preposition | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1035: Bethlehem -- 'place of bread', a city in Judah, also a city in Zebulun

in Judah.
יְהוּדָֽה׃ (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites
(1) On the side of mount Ephraim.--Literally, on the two thighs (yarcethaim). (Comp. Psalm 128:3; Isaiah 37:24.) As to the residence of the Levite at Mount Ephraim, see Note on Judges 17:8. It is probably a fortuitous coincidence that both this Levite and Jonathan have relations with Mount Ephraim and with Bethlehem.

Took to him a concubine.--Such connections were not legally forbidden; yet it is probable that in the case of all but princes or eminent men they were looked on with moral disapprobation. She is called "a wife or concubine"--i.e., a wife with inferior rights for herself and her children.

Verse 1. - When there was no king (Judges 17:6; Judges 18:1; Judges 21:25). It appears from Judges 20:27, 28 that the events narrated in these three last chapters of the Book of Judges happened in the lifetime of Phinehas, and while the ark was at Shiloh (see Judges 20:27, note). Phinehas evidently outlived Joshua (Joshua 24:29, 33), though there is no evidence to show how long. The events in these chapters must have occurred in the interval between the death of Joshua and the death of Phinehas. A certain Levite, etc. It is a curious coincidence that both the Levite whose sad story is here told, and the Levite the son of Gershom of whom we read in the preceding chapters, were sojourners in the hill country of Ephraim, and also closely connected with Bethlehem-judah. Perhaps the legitimate inference (see ver. 18, and Judges 20:26, 27) is that in both cases the Levites were drawn to Ephraim by the ark being at Shiloh, and also that there was a colony of Levites at Bethlehem-judah. Whether there was any connection between the presence of Levites at Bethlehem and the annual sacrifice at Bethlehem which existed in David's time, and which argues the existence of a high place there, can only be a matter of conjecture (see 1 Samuel 9:13, and 1 Samuel 20:29). All we can say is that there was the universal prevalence of high-place worship during the time of the judges, and that the services of Levites were sought after in connection with it (Judges 17:13). On the side. Hebrew, sides. In the masculine form the word means the hip and upper part of the thigh; in the feminine, as here, it is applied only to inanimate objects, as a house, the temple, a cave, the north, a pit, a country, etc., and is used in the dual number (see 1 Samuel 24:4; 1 Kings 6:16; Psalm 48:3; Psalm 128:3; Isaiah 37:24; Ezekiel 32:23, etc.). It means the innermost, hindmost, furthermost parts. Its application here to the northern side of Ephraim seems to imply that the writer wrote in the south, probably in Judah. A concubine. An inferior wife, who had not the same right for herself or for her children as the wife had (see Genesis 25:6). 17:7-13 Micah thought it was a sign of God's favour to him and his images, that a Levite should come to his door. Thus those who please themselves with their own delusions, if Providence unexpectedly bring any thing to their hands that further them in their evil way, are apt from thence to think that God is pleased with them.
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Alphabetical: a about area Bethlehem came certain concubine country days Ephraim for from had hill himself In Israel it Judah king Levite lived no Now of part remote staying that the there those took was when who

OT History: Judges 19:1 It happened in those days when there (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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