Joshua 10:38
New International Version
Then Joshua and all Israel with him turned around and attacked Debir.

New Living Translation
Then Joshua and the Israelites turned back and attacked Debir.

English Standard Version
Then Joshua and all Israel with him turned back to Debir and fought against it

Berean Study Bible
Finally Joshua and all Israel with him turned toward Debir and fought against it.

New American Standard Bible
Then Joshua and all Israel with him returned to Debir, and they fought against it.

King James Bible
And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:

Christian Standard Bible
Finally, Joshua turned toward Debir and attacked it. And all Israel was with him.

Contemporary English Version
Joshua and the Israelite army turned and attacked Debir.

Good News Translation
Then Joshua and his army turned back to Debir and attacked it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Finally, Joshua turned toward Debir and attacked it. And all Israel was with him.

International Standard Version
Then Joshua returned, accompanied by the entire fighting force of Israel, to Debir, where they attacked it,

NET Bible
Joshua and all Israel turned to Debir and fought against it.

New Heart English Bible
Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir, and fought against it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Joshua and all Israel went back to Debir and attacked it.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Joshua turned back, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it.

New American Standard 1977
Then Joshua and all Israel with him returned to Debir, and they fought against it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Joshua returned and all Israel with him to Debir and fought against it;

King James 2000 Bible
And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:

American King James Version
And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:

American Standard Version
And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir, and fought against it:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Joshua and all Israel returned to Dabir; and they encamped about it;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Returning from thence to Dabir,

Darby Bible Translation
And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it.

English Revised Version
And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:

Webster's Bible Translation
And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:

World English Bible
Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir, and fought against it.

Young's Literal Translation
And Joshua turneth back, and all Israel with him, to Debir, and fighteth against it,
Study Bible
Conquest of the Southern Cities
37They captured it and struck down with the sword its king, all its villages, and all the people. Joshua left no survivors, just as he had done at Eglon; he devoted to destruction Hebron and everyone in it. 38Finally Joshua and all Israel with him turned toward Debir and fought against it. 39And they captured Debir, its king, and all its villages. They struck them down with the sword and devoted to destruction everyone in the city, leaving no survivors. Joshua did to Debir and its king as he had done to Hebron and as he had done to Libnah and its king.…
Cross References
Joshua 10:37
They captured it and struck down with the sword its king, all its villages, and all the people. Joshua left no survivors, just as he had done at Eglon; he devoted to destruction Hebron and everyone in it.

Joshua 10:39
And they captured Debir, its king, and all its villages. They struck them down with the sword and devoted to destruction everyone in the city, leaving no survivors. Joshua did to Debir and its king as he had done to Hebron and as he had done to Libnah and its king.

Joshua 15:15
From there he marched against the inhabitants of Debir (formerly known as Kiriath-sepher).

Judges 1:11
From there they marched against the residents of Debir (formerly known as Kiriath-sepher).

1 Chronicles 6:58
Hilen, Debir,

Treasury of Scripture

And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:

Joshua 10:41
And Joshua smote them from Kadeshbarnea even unto Gaza, and all the country of Goshen, even unto Gibeon.

Joshua 12:13
The king of Debir, one; the king of Geder, one;

Joshua 15:15,49
And he went up thence to the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher…







Lexicon
Finally Joshua
יְהוֹשֻׁ֛עַ (yə·hō·wō·šu·a‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3091: Joshua -- 'the LORD is salvation', Moses' successor, also the name of a number of Israelites

and all
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

with him
עִמּ֖וֹ (‘im·mōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

turned
וַיָּ֧שָׁב (way·yā·šāḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

toward Debir
דְּבִ֑רָה (də·ḇi·rāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1688: Debir -- an Amorite king, also the name of several places in Palestine

and fought
וַיִּלָּ֖חֶם (way·yil·lā·ḥem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3898: To feed on, to consume, to battle

against it.
עָלֶֽיהָ׃ (‘ā·le·hā)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against
(38) Debir is not identified.

Verse 38. - And Joshua returned. Rather, Joshua turned. Debir was not on the way back from Hebron to Eglon, but in a different direction. His march was now southward instead of eastward. Debir. A city of importance, since only Hebron and it are mentioned in the history of the campaign as having cities dependent on them. It is also called Kirjath-Sepher (Joshua 15:15; Judges 1:11), and Kirjath-Sannah (Joshua 15:49). The first name signifies "the city of the hook," from whence it has been argued that it was the seat of what we should now call an university. Recent discoveries have rendered this supposition by no means improbable. The Hittite remains have proved that people to have been a more influential and intellectual people in early times than had ever been supposed until lately. Others have suggested that it was the abode of an oracle, which is rendered probable if Debir be connected with דָבָר word. The meaning of Kirjath-Sannah is by no means clear. Some have derived it from the Arabic "sunna," law, or doctrine (whence the Sunnite sect among the Mohammedans), and some from סַנָּה or סֶנֶה, a palm branch, or more probably a thornbush. Ritter thinks that both Kirjath-Sepher and Kirjath-Sannah imply the place where the public records were kept. Perhaps what is meant is that, like Mona or Anglesea to the Druids, Debir was the home of the Canaanitish religious traditions. Debir appears as Dapur in the list of fortified cities in Canaan captured by Seti I. and Rameses II. of Egypt. They are depicted on the monumental records. See Tomkins, 'Studies of the Time of Abraham,' p. 84. Debir has lately been identified by the Palestine Survey. Lieut. Conder ('Quarterly Paper,' Jan., 1875, p. 48) fixes it at El Dho-heriyeh or Dhaheriyeh. The identification depends upon the passages Joshua 15:19, and Judges 1:15. See note on the former. The grounds of the identification are as follows:

1. Debir (see last note) was southward of Hebron.

2. The circumstances require an arid locality, but within a moderate distance two sets of springs, or pools of water.

3. There must be signs of ancient dwellings, and, as Debir was a royal city, it must be the converging point of the various roads. All these conditions are fulfilled by El Dhaheriyeh. The rock excavations, the sign of the most ancient dwellings, are plentiful there; ancient roads are found converging in all directions. And six miles and a half north of the village fourteen springs, or pools, are found, some at the head of the valley, some lower down, and some at a lower level still. The distance of these from Debit is in exact accordance with the narrative. They are too far off to be included as a matter of course within the boundaries of Debit, and would naturally enough become the object of such a petition as Achsah is said to have preferred in the passage above cited. Wilson's 'Lands of the Bible,' 1:351, speaks of the excavations here, but does not appear to have been aware of their antiquity. He describes the inhabitants as living in them. But he remarks - and it is a singular confirmation of Lieut. Conder's subsequent discovery - that the sites of five out of the ten cities mentioned in conjunction with Debir in Joshua 15:48-51, are to be found in the immediate neighbourhood of Dhaheriyeh (ibid. p. 353). From this passage and some others, however, Knobel has anticipated Lieut. Conder's suggestion. He describes Thaharijeh, as he calls it, as on the high road from Gaza, with ruins of great antiquity, situated in the midst of a country which, though barren in appearance and destitute of trees and arable land, is yet rich in pasture. But he says nothing of the springs, the only thing wanting to make the evidence complete. Ritter's description of the place as the "first place of importance" on arriving in Palestine from the south, and as the meeting place of the roads from Beersheba, from Gaza and Egypt, and from Petra and Sinai, confirm Lieut. Conder's view, but Bitter does not seem to have identified it with Debir, though he regards it as "one of a series of fortresses designed to protect the southern frontier of Judaea" (3:193, 288). It became a Levitical city (Joshua 21:15; 1 Chronicles 6:58). 10:28-43 Joshua made speed in taking these cities. See what a great deal of work may be done in a little time, if we will be diligent, and improve our opportunities. God here showed his hatred of the idolatries and other abominations of which the Canaanites had been guilty, and shows us how great the provocation was, by the greatness of the destruction brought upon them. Here also was typified the destruction of all the enemies of the Lord Jesus, who, having slighted the riches of his grace, must for ever feel the weight of his wrath. The Lord fought for Israel. They could not have gotten the victory, if God had not undertaken the battle. We conquer when God fights for us; if he be for us, who can be against us?
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