Job 38:17
New International Version
Have the gates of death been shown to you? Have you seen the gates of the deepest darkness?

New Living Translation
Do you know where the gates of death are located? Have you seen the gates of utter gloom?

English Standard Version
Have the gates of death been revealed to you, or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

Berean Study Bible
Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Have you seen the gates of the shadow of death?

King James Bible
Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death?

New King James Version
Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Or have you seen the doors of the shadow of death?

New American Standard Bible
“Have the gates of death been revealed to you, And have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

NASB 1995
"Have the gates of death been revealed to you, Or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

NASB 1977
“Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

Amplified Bible
“Have the gates of death been revealed to you, Or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

Christian Standard Bible
Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

American Standard Version
Have the gates of death been revealed unto thee? Or hast thou seen the gates of the shadow of death?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And do the gates of death open to thee for fear; and did the porters of hell quake when they saw thee?

Contemporary English Version
Have you seen the gate to the world of the dead?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Have the gates of death been opened to thee, and hast thou seen the darksome doors?

English Revised Version
Have the gates of death been revealed unto thee? or hast thou seen the gates of the shadow of death?

Good News Translation
Has anyone ever shown you the gates that guard the dark world of the dead?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Have the gateways to death been revealed to you, or have you seen the gateways to total darkness?

International Standard Version
Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Have you seen the gates of the deepest darkness?

JPS Tanakh 1917
Have the gates of death been revealed unto thee? Or hast thou seen the gates of the shadow of death?

Literal Standard Version
Were the gates of death revealed to you? And do you see the gates of death-shade?

NET Bible
Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Have you seen the gates of deepest darkness?

New Heart English Bible
Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Or have you seen the gates of the shadow of death?

World English Bible
Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Or have you seen the gates of the shadow of death?

Young's Literal Translation
Revealed to thee were the gates of death? And the gates of death-shade dost thou see?

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
God Challenges Job
16Have you journeyed to the vents of the sea or walked in the trenches of the deep? 17Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Have you seen the gates of the shadow of death? 18Have you surveyed the extent of the earth? Tell Me, if you know all this.…

Cross References
Revelation 1:18
the Living One. I was dead, and behold, now I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of Death and of Hades.

Job 10:21
before I go--never to return--to a land of darkness and gloom,

Job 11:8
They are higher than the heavens--what can you do? They are deeper than Sheol--what can you know?

Job 26:6
Sheol is naked before God, and Abaddon has no covering.

Job 34:22
There is no darkness or deep shadow where the workers of iniquity can hide.

Psalm 107:18
They loathed all food and drew near to the gates of death.


Treasury of Scripture

Have the gates of death been opened to you? or have you seen the doors of the shadow of death?

the gates

Psalm 9:13
Have mercy upon me, O LORD; consider my trouble which I suffer of them that hate me, thou that liftest me up from the gates of death:

Psalm 107:18
Their soul abhorreth all manner of meat; and they draw near unto the gates of death.

Psalm 116:3
The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow.

the shadow

Job 3:5
Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Job 12:22
He discovereth deep things out of darkness, and bringeth out to light the shadow of death.

Psalm 23:4
Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.









Verse 17. - Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? By "the gates of death," Sheol, the abode of the dead, seems to be intended (comp. Job 10:21, 22; Job 17:16). Has Job explored this region, and penetrated its secrets? Or is it as unknown to him as to the rest of mankind? The second hemistich - Or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death? - is a mere echo of the first, adding an new idea.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
Have the gates
שַׁעֲרֵי־ (ša·‘ă·rê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 8179: An opening, door, gate

of death
מָ֑וֶת (mā·weṯ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4194: Death, the dead, their place, state, pestilence, ruin

been revealed
הֲנִגְל֣וּ (hă·niḡ·lū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1540: To denude, to exile, to reveal

to you?
לְ֭ךָ (lə·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

Have you seen
תִּרְאֶֽה׃ (tir·’eh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

the gates
וְשַׁעֲרֵ֖י (wə·ša·‘ă·rê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 8179: An opening, door, gate

of the shadow of death?
צַלְמָ֣וֶת (ṣal·mā·weṯ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6757: Death-like shadow, deep shadow


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OT Poetry: Job 38:17 Have the gates of death been revealed (Jb)
Job 38:16
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