Job 38:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Have the gates of death been shown to you? Have you seen the gates of the deepest darkness?

King James Bible
Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death?

Darby Bible Translation
Have the gates of death been revealed unto thee? and hast thou seen the gates of the shadow of death?

World English Bible
Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Or have you seen the gates of the shadow of death?

Young's Literal Translation
Revealed to thee were the gates of death? And the gates of death-shade dost thou see?

Job 38:17 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? - Dost thou know in what the article of death consists? This is as inexplicable as the question, What is animal life?

The doors of the shallow of death? - צלמות tsalmaveth, the intermediate state, the openings into the place of separate spirits. Here two places are distinguished: מות maveth, death, and צלמות tsalmaveth, the shadow of death. It will not do to say, death is the privation of life, for what then would be the shadow of that privation?

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the gates

Psalm 9:13 Have mercy on me, O LORD; consider my trouble which I suffer of them that hate me, you that lift me up from the gates of death:

Psalm 107:18 Their soul abhors all manner of meat; and they draw near to the gates of death.

Psalm 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell got hold on me: I found trouble and sorrow.

the shadow

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell on it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Job 12:22 He discovers deep things out of darkness, and brings out to light the shadow of death.

Psalm 23:4 Yes, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for you are with me...

Psalm 107:10,14 Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in affliction and iron...

Amos 5:8 Seek him that makes the seven stars and Orion, and turns the shadow of death into the morning, and makes the day dark with night...

Matthew 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.

Library
August 11 Evening
Where is the way that light dwelleth?--JOB 38:19. God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.--As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world. If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: but if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.--The Father . . . hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light,
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

God's Restraining Power.
(New Year's Day.) TEXT: JOB xxxviii. 11. "Hitherto shalt thou come, and no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed." THESE words are taken from a sublime discourse, which -- is put by the writer in the mouth of the Highest Himself, the Creator and Preserver of the world. In it He answers Job out of the whirlwind, when he had complained, though reverently and humbly, that the Lord did not allow men to find Him; that, moreover, He gave no account of His matters to them, and that therefore
Friedrich Schleiermacher—Selected Sermons of Schleiermacher

Whether it is Proper to the Rational Nature to be Adopted?
Objection 1: It would seem that it is not proper to the rational nature to be adopted. For God is not said to be the Father of the rational creature, save by adoption. But God is called the Father even of the irrational creature, according to Job 38:28: "Who is father of the rain? Or who begot the drops of dew?" Therefore it is not proper to the rational creature to be adopted. Objection 2: Further, by reason of adoption some are called sons of God. But to be sons of God seems to be properly attributed
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

'The End of the Lord'
'Then Job answered the Lord, and said, 2. I know that Thou canst do every thing, and that no thought can he withholden from Thee. 3. Who is he that hideth counsel without knowledge? therefore have I uttered that I understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not. 4. Hear, I beseech Thee, and I will speak: I will demand of Thee, and declare Thou unto me. 5. I have heard of Thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth Thee. 6. Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Revelation 1:18
I am the Living One; I was dead, and now look, I am alive for ever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades.

Job 10:21
before I go to the place of no return, to the land of gloom and utter darkness,

Job 11:8
They are higher than the heavens above--what can you do? They are deeper than the depths below--what can you know?

Job 26:6
The realm of the dead is naked before God; Destruction lies uncovered.

Job 34:22
There is no deep shadow, no utter darkness, where evildoers can hide.

Psalm 107:18
They loathed all food and drew near the gates of death.

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