Job 38:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Have the gates of death been revealed to you, or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

King James Bible
Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death?

American Standard Version
Have the gates of death been revealed unto thee? Or hast thou seen the gates of the shadow of death?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Have the gates of death been opened to thee, and hast thou seen the darksome doors?

English Revised Version
Have the gates of death been revealed unto thee? or hast thou seen the gates of the shadow of death?

Webster's Bible Translation
Have the gates of death been opened to thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shades of death?

Job 38:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

8 And who shut up the sea with doors,

When it broke through, issued from the womb,

9 When I put clouds round it as a garment,

And thick mist as its swaddling clothes,

10 And I broke for it my bound,

And set bars and doors,

11 And said: Hitherto come, and no further,

And here be thy proud waves stayed!?

The state of תהו ובהו was the first half, and the state of תהום the second half of the primeval condition of the forming earth. The question does not, however, refer to the תהום, in which the waters of the sky and the waters of the earth were as yet not separated, but, passing over this intermediate condition of the forming earth, to the sea, the waters of which God shut up as by means of a door and bolt, when, first enshrouded in thick mist (which has remained from that time one of its natural peculiarities), and again and again manifesting its individuality, it broke forth (גּיח of the foetus, as Psalm 22:10) from the bowels of the, as yet, chaotic earth. That the sea, in spite of the flatness of its banks, does not flow over the land, is a work of omnipotence which broke over it, i.e., restraining it, a fixed bound (חק as Job 26:10; Proverbs 8:29; Jeremiah 5:22, equals גּבוּל, Psalm 104:9), viz., the steep and rugged walls of the basin of the sea, and which thereby established a firm barrier behind which it should be kept. Instead of וּפה, Joshua 18:8, Job 38:11 has the Chethib וּפא. חק is to be understood with ישׁית, and "one set" is equivalent to the passive (Ges. 137*): let a bound be set (comp. שׁת, Hosea 6:11, which is used directly so) against the proud rising of thy waves.

Job 38:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the gates

Psalm 9:13 Have mercy on me, O LORD; consider my trouble which I suffer of them that hate me, you that lift me up from the gates of death:

Psalm 107:18 Their soul abhors all manner of meat; and they draw near to the gates of death.

Psalm 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell got hold on me: I found trouble and sorrow.

the shadow

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell on it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Job 12:22 He discovers deep things out of darkness, and brings out to light the shadow of death.

Psalm 23:4 Yes, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for you are with me...

Psalm 107:10,14 Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in affliction and iron...

Amos 5:8 Seek him that makes the seven stars and Orion, and turns the shadow of death into the morning, and makes the day dark with night...

Matthew 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.

Cross References
Revelation 1:18
and the living one. I died, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.

Job 10:21
before I go--and I shall not return-- to the land of darkness and deep shadow,

Job 11:8
It is higher than heaven--what can you do? Deeper than Sheol--what can you know?

Job 26:6
Sheol is naked before God, and Abaddon has no covering.

Job 34:22
There is no gloom or deep darkness where evildoers may hide themselves.

Psalm 107:18
they loathed any kind of food, and they drew near to the gates of death.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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