English Standard Version
Have the gates of death been revealed to you, or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?
King James Bible
Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death?
American Standard Version
Have the gates of death been revealed unto thee? Or hast thou seen the gates of the shadow of death?
Have the gates of death been opened to thee, and hast thou seen the darksome doors?
English Revised Version
Have the gates of death been revealed unto thee? or hast thou seen the gates of the shadow of death?
Webster's Bible Translation
Have the gates of death been opened to thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shades of death?
Job 38:17 Parallel
CommentaryKeil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
8 And who shut up the sea with doors,
When it broke through, issued from the womb,
9 When I put clouds round it as a garment,
And thick mist as its swaddling clothes,
10 And I broke for it my bound,
And set bars and doors,
11 And said: Hitherto come, and no further,
And here be thy proud waves stayed!?
The state of תהו ובהו was the first half, and the state of תהום the second half of the primeval condition of the forming earth. The question does not, however, refer to the תהום, in which the waters of the sky and the waters of the earth were as yet not separated, but, passing over this intermediate condition of the forming earth, to the sea, the waters of which God shut up as by means of a door and bolt, when, first enshrouded in thick mist (which has remained from that time one of its natural peculiarities), and again and again manifesting its individuality, it broke forth (גּיח of the foetus, as Psalm 22:10) from the bowels of the, as yet, chaotic earth. That the sea, in spite of the flatness of its banks, does not flow over the land, is a work of omnipotence which broke over it, i.e., restraining it, a fixed bound (חק as Job 26:10; Proverbs 8:29; Jeremiah 5:22, equals גּבוּל, Psalm 104:9), viz., the steep and rugged walls of the basin of the sea, and which thereby established a firm barrier behind which it should be kept. Instead of וּפה, Joshua 18:8, Job 38:11 has the Chethib וּפא. חק is to be understood with ישׁית, and "one set" is equivalent to the passive (Ges. 137*): let a bound be set (comp. שׁת, Hosea 6:11, which is used directly so) against the proud rising of thy waves.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
and the living one. I died, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.
before I go--and I shall not return-- to the land of darkness and deep shadow,
It is higher than heaven--what can you do? Deeper than Sheol--what can you know?
Sheol is naked before God, and Abaddon has no covering.
There is no gloom or deep darkness where evildoers may hide themselves.
they loathed any kind of food, and they drew near to the gates of death.
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.