Job 38:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Have you entered into the springs of the sea, or walked in the recesses of the deep?

King James Bible
Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? or hast thou walked in the search of the depth?

American Standard Version
Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? Or hast thou walked in the recesses of the deep?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Hast thou entered into the depths of the sea, and walked in the lowest parts of the deep?

English Revised Version
Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? or hast thou walked in the recesses of the deep?

Webster's Bible Translation
Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? or hast thou walked in the search of the depth?

Job 38:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

8 And who shut up the sea with doors,

When it broke through, issued from the womb,

9 When I put clouds round it as a garment,

And thick mist as its swaddling clothes,

10 And I broke for it my bound,

And set bars and doors,

11 And said: Hitherto come, and no further,

And here be thy proud waves stayed!?

The state of תהו ובהו was the first half, and the state of תהום the second half of the primeval condition of the forming earth. The question does not, however, refer to the תהום, in which the waters of the sky and the waters of the earth were as yet not separated, but, passing over this intermediate condition of the forming earth, to the sea, the waters of which God shut up as by means of a door and bolt, when, first enshrouded in thick mist (which has remained from that time one of its natural peculiarities), and again and again manifesting its individuality, it broke forth (גּיח of the foetus, as Psalm 22:10) from the bowels of the, as yet, chaotic earth. That the sea, in spite of the flatness of its banks, does not flow over the land, is a work of omnipotence which broke over it, i.e., restraining it, a fixed bound (חק as Job 26:10; Proverbs 8:29; Jeremiah 5:22, equals גּבוּל, Psalm 104:9), viz., the steep and rugged walls of the basin of the sea, and which thereby established a firm barrier behind which it should be kept. Instead of וּפה, Joshua 18:8, Job 38:11 has the Chethib וּפא. חק is to be understood with ישׁית, and "one set" is equivalent to the passive (Ges. 137*): let a bound be set (comp. שׁת, Hosea 6:11, which is used directly so) against the proud rising of thy waves.

Job 38:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the springs

Psalm 77:19 Your way is in the sea, and your path in the great waters, and your footsteps are not known.

Proverbs 8:24 When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water.

Jeremiah 51:36 Therefore thus said the LORD; Behold, I will plead your cause, and take vengeance for you; and I will dry up her sea...

walked

Job 26:5,6 Dead things are formed from under the waters, and the inhabitants thereof...

Cross References
Genesis 7:11
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened.

Genesis 8:2
The fountains of the deep and the windows of the heavens were closed, the rain from the heavens was restrained,

Job 9:8
who alone stretched out the heavens and trampled the waves of the sea;

Proverbs 8:24
When there were no depths I was brought forth, when there were no springs abounding with water.

Proverbs 8:28
when he made firm the skies above, when he established the fountains of the deep,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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