Esther 9:18
New International Version
The Jews in Susa, however, had assembled on the thirteenth and fourteenth, and then on the fifteenth they rested and made it a day of feasting and joy.

New Living Translation
(The Jews at Susa killed their enemies on March 7 and again on March 8, then rested on March 9, making that their day of feasting and gladness.)

English Standard Version
But the Jews who were in Susa gathered on the thirteenth day and on the fourteenth, and rested on the fifteenth day, making that a day of feasting and gladness.

Berean Study Bible
The Jews in Susa, however, had assembled on the thirteenth and the fourteenth days of the month. So they rested on the fifteenth day, making it a day of feasting and joy.

King James Bible
But the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

New King James Version
But the Jews who were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day, as well as on the fourteenth; and on the fifteenth of the month they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

New American Standard Bible
But the Jews who were in Susa assembled on the thirteenth and the fourteenth of the same month, and they rested on the fifteenth day and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.

NASB 1995
But the Jews who were in Susa assembled on the thirteenth and the fourteenth of the same month, and they rested on the fifteenth day and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.

NASB 1977
But the Jews who were in Susa assembled on the thirteenth and the fourteenth of the same month, and they rested on the fifteenth day and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.

Amplified Bible
But the Jews who were in Susa assembled on the thirteenth and on the fourteenth of the same month, and on the fifteenth day they rested and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.

Christian Standard Bible
But the Jews in Susa had assembled on the thirteenth and the fourteenth days of the month. They rested on the fifteenth day of the month, and it became a day of feasting and rejoicing.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But the Jews in Susa had assembled on the thirteenth and the fourteenth days of the month. They rested on the fifteenth day of the month, and it became a day of feasting and rejoicing.

American Standard Version
But the Jews that were in Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they made it a day of banqueting and of joy.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Jews in the city Susa assembled also on the fourteenth day and rested; and they kept also the fifteenth with joy and gladness.

Contemporary English Version
On the fifteenth day of the month the Jews in Susa held a holiday and celebrated, after killing their enemies on the thirteenth and the fourteenth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they that were killing in the city of Susan, were employed in the slaughter on the thirteenth and fourteenth day of the same month: and on the fifteenth day they rested. And therefore they appointed that day to be a holy day of feasting and gladness.

English Revised Version
But the Jews that were in Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

Good News Translation
The Jews of Susa, however, made the fifteenth a holiday, since they had slaughtered their enemies on the thirteenth and fourteenth and then stopped on the fifteenth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But the Jews in Susa had assembled on the thirteenth and fourteenth. They rested on the fifteenth and made it a day of feasting and celebration.

International Standard Version
The Jewish people in Susa assembled on the thirteenth day and again on the fourteenth, and then rested on the fifteenth day and made it a day of feasting and joy.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But the Jews that were in Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

Literal Standard Version
And the Jews who [are] in Shushan have been assembled, on the thirteenth day of it, and on the fourteenth of it, even to rest on the fifteenth of it, and to make it a day of banquet and of joy.

NET Bible
But the Jews who were in Susa assembled on the thirteenth and fourteenth days, and rested on the fifteenth, making it a day for banqueting and happiness.

New Heart English Bible
But the Jews who were in Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth and on the fourteenth days of the month; and on the fifteenth day of that month, they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

World English Bible
But the Jews who were in Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth and on the fourteenth days of the month; and on the fifteenth day of that month, they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

Young's Literal Translation
And the Jews who are in Shushan have been assembled, on the thirteenth day of it, and on the fourteenth of it, even to rest on the fifteenth of it, and to make it a day of banquet and of joy.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Feast of Purim Instituted
18The Jews in Susa, however, had assembled on the thirteenth and the fourteenth days of the month. So they rested on the fifteenth day, making it a day of feasting and joy. 19This is why the rural Jews, who live in the villages, observe the fourteenth day of the month of Adar as a day of joy and feasting. It is a holiday for sending gifts to one another.…

Cross References
Esther 8:11
By these letters the king permitted the Jews in each and every city the right to assemble and defend themselves, to destroy, kill, and annihilate all the forces of any people or province hostile to them, including women and children, and to plunder their possessions.

Esther 9:2
In each of the provinces of King Xerxes, the Jews assembled in their cities to attack those who sought to harm them. No man could withstand them, because the fear of them had fallen upon all peoples.

Esther 9:21
to establish among them an annual celebration on the fourteenth and fifteenth days of the month of Adar


Treasury of Scripture

But the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

of the same.

Esther 9:17
On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.









(18) On the fifteenth day . . . they rested.--Both the fourteenth and fifteenth days are now kept as the festival of Purim, the former day being the chief.

Verse 18. - The Jews which were at Shushan assembled together. i.e. "gathered themselves together to bathe." The verb is the same as that used in ver. 16 of this chapter; and in Esther 8:11; Esther 9:2.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The Jews
וְהַיְּהוּדִ֣ים (wə·hay·yə·hū·ḏîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's 3064: Jews -- Jewish

in Susa, however,
בְּשׁוּשָׁ֗ן (bə·šū·šān)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7800: Susa -- residence of person kings

had assembled
נִקְהֲלוּ֙ (niq·hă·lū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 6950: To gather as an assembly or congregation

on the thirteenth
בִּשְׁלֹשָׁ֤ה (biš·lō·šāh)
Preposition-b | Number - masculine singular
Strong's 7969: Three, third, thrice

and the fourteenth
וּבְאַרְבָּעָ֥ה (ū·ḇə·’ar·bā·‘āh)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Number - masculine singular
Strong's 702: Four

days of the month.
עָשָׂ֖ר (‘ā·śār)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 6240: Ten

So they rested
וְנ֗וֹחַ (wə·nō·w·aḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 5117: To rest, settle down

on the fifteenth
בַּחֲמִשָּׁ֤ה (ba·ḥă·miš·šāh)
Preposition-b, Article | Number - masculine singular
Strong's 2568: Five

day,
עָשָׂר֙ (‘ā·śār)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 6240: Ten

making
וְעָשֹׂ֣ה (wə·‘ā·śōh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 6213: To do, make

it
אֹת֔וֹ (’ō·ṯōw)
Direct object marker | third person masculine singular
Strong's 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

a day
י֖וֹם (yō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3117: A day

of feasting
מִשְׁתֶּ֥ה (miš·teh)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4960: Drink, drinking, a banquet, feast

and joy.
וְשִׂמְחָֽה׃ (wə·śim·ḥāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 8057: Blithesomeness, glee


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OT History: Esther 9:18 But the Jews who were in Shushan (Est Esth. Es)
Esther 9:17
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