Deuteronomy 31:28
New International Version
Assemble before me all the elders of your tribes and all your officials, so that I can speak these words in their hearing and call the heavens and the earth to testify against them.

New Living Translation
"Now summon all the elders and officials of your tribes, so that I can speak to them directly and call heaven and earth to witness against them.

English Standard Version
Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears and call heaven and earth to witness against them.

Berean Study Bible
Assemble before me all the elders of your tribes and all your officers so that I may speak these words in their hearing and call heaven and earth to witness against them.

New American Standard Bible
"Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes and your officers, that I may speak these words in their hearing and call the heavens and the earth to witness against them.

King James Bible
Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them.

Christian Standard Bible
Assemble all your tribal elders and officers before me so that I may speak these words directly to them and call heaven and earth as witnesses against them.

Contemporary English Version
So call together the leaders and officials of the tribes of Israel. I will bring this book and read every word of it to you, and I will call the sky and the earth as witnesses that all of you know what you are supposed to do.

Good News Translation
Assemble all your tribal leaders and officials before me, so that I can tell them these things; I will call heaven and earth to be my witnesses against them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Assemble all your tribal elders and officers before me so that I may speak these words directly to them and call heaven and earth as witnesses against them.

International Standard Version
Gather together the leaders of your tribes and your foremen so I can speak these words in their hearing and call heaven and the earth as witnesses against them,

NET Bible
Gather to me all your tribal elders and officials so I can speak to them directly about these things and call the heavens and the earth to witness against them.

New Heart English Bible
Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes, and your elders and your judges and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to witness against them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Assemble all the leaders of your tribes and your officers in front of me. As they listen, I will speak these words and call on heaven and earth to testify against them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Assemble unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to witness against them.

New American Standard 1977
“Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes and your officers, that I may speak these words in their hearing and call the heavens and the earth to witness against them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes and your officers, and I shall speak these words in their ears and call the heavens and the earth as witnesses against them.

King James 2000 Bible
Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth as witness against them.

American King James Version
Gather to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them.

American Standard Version
Assemble unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to witness against them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Gather together to me the heads of your tribes, and your elders, and your judges, and your officers, that I may speak in their ears all these words; and I call both heaven and earth to witness against them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Gather unto me all the ancients of your tribes, and your doctors, and I will speak these words in their hearing, and will call heaven and earth to witness against them.

Darby Bible Translation
Gather to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and take heaven and earth to witness against them.

English Revised Version
Assemble unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to witness against them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them.

World English Bible
Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to witness against them.

Young's Literal Translation
'Assemble unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your authorities, and I speak in their ears these words, and cause to testify against them the heavens and the earth,
Study Bible
The Law Placed in the Ark
27For I know how rebellious and stiff-necked you are. If you are already rebelling against the LORD while I am still alive, how much more will you rebel after my death! 28Assemble before me all the elders of your tribes and all your officers so that I may speak these words in their hearing and call heaven and earth to witness against them. 29For I know that after my death you will become utterly corrupt and turn from the path I have commanded you. And in the days to come, disaster will befall you because you will do evil in the sight of the LORD to provoke Him to anger by the work of your hands.”…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:26
I call heaven and earth as witnesses against you this day that you will quickly perish from the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess. You will not live long upon it, but will be utterly destroyed.

Deuteronomy 30:19
I call heaven and earth as witnesses against you today that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing. So choose life, so that you and your descendants may live,

Deuteronomy 32:1
"Give ear, O heavens, and I will speak; hear, O earth, the words of my mouth.

Job 20:27
The heavens will expose his iniquity, and the earth will rise up against him.

Psalm 50:4
He summons the heavens above, and the earth, that He may judge His people:

Treasury of Scripture

Gather to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them.

Gather unto me

Deuteronomy 31:12
Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that is within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, and observe to do all the words of this law:

Deuteronomy 29:10
Ye stand this day all of you before the LORD your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, with all the men of Israel,

Genesis 49:1,2
And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days…

call heaven

Deuteronomy 4:26
I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off the land whereunto ye go over Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly be destroyed.

Deuteronomy 30:19
I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live:

Deuteronomy 32:1
Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth.







Lexicon
Assemble
הַקְהִ֧ילוּ (haq·hî·lū)
Verb - Hifil - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6950: To gather as an assembly or congregation

before me
אֵלַ֛י (’ê·lay)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the elders
זִקְנֵ֥י (ziq·nê)
Adjective - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 2205: Old

of your tribes
שִׁבְטֵיכֶ֖ם (šiḇ·ṭê·ḵem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7626: Rod, staff, club, scepter, tribe

and [all] your officers
וְשֹׁטְרֵיכֶ֑ם (wə·šō·ṭə·rê·ḵem)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7860: A scribe, an official superintendent, magistrate

so that I may speak
וַאֲדַבְּרָ֣ה (wa·’ă·ḏab·bə·rāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive imperfect Cohortative - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

these
הָאֵ֔לֶּה (hā·’êl·leh)
Article | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 428: These, those

words
הַדְּבָרִ֣ים (had·də·ḇā·rîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

in their hearing
בְאָזְנֵיהֶ֗ם (ḇə·’ā·zə·nê·hem)
Preposition-b | Noun - fdc | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 241: Broadness, the ear

and call heaven
הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם (haš·šā·ma·yim)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8064: Heaven, sky

and earth
הָאָֽרֶץ׃ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

to witness
וְאָעִ֣ידָה (wə·’ā·‘î·ḏāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive imperfect Cohortative - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5749: To duplicate, repeat, to protest, testify, to encompass, restore

against them.
בָּ֔ם (bām)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew
Verse 28. - Call heaven and earth to record against them (cf. Deuteronomy 32:1). These words; the words of his charge, and especially the song he had composed, and which it would be the business of these officers to teach to the congregation. 31:23-30 The solemn delivery of the book of the law to the Levites, to be deposited in, or rather by the side, of the ark, is again related. The song which follows in the next chapter is delivered to Moses, and by him to the people. He wrote it first, as the Holy Spirit taught him; and then spake it in the hearing of all the people. Moses tells them plainly, I know that after my death ye will utterly corrupt yourselves. Many a sad thought, no doubt, it occasioned to this good man; but his comfort was, that he had done his duty, and that God would be glorified in their dispersion, if not in their settlement, for the foundation of God stands sure.
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