Joshua 23:2
New International Version
summoned all Israel--their elders, leaders, judges and officials--and said to them: "I am very old.

New Living Translation
called together all the elders, leaders, judges, and officers of Israel. He said to them, "I am now a very old man.

English Standard Version
Joshua summoned all Israel, its elders and heads, its judges and officers, and said to them, “I am now old and well advanced in years.

Berean Study Bible
he summoned all Israel, including its elders, leaders, judges, and officers. “I am old and advanced in years,” he said,

New American Standard Bible
that Joshua called for all Israel, for their elders and their heads and their judges and their officers, and said to them, "I am old, advanced in years.

King James Bible
And Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old and stricken in age:

Christian Standard Bible
So Joshua summoned all Israel, including its elders, leaders, judges, and officers, and said to them, "I am old, advanced in age,

Contemporary English Version
One day he called a meeting of the leaders of the tribes of Israel, including the old men, the judges, and the officials. Then he told them: I am now very old.

Good News Translation
so he called all Israel, the elders, leaders, judges, and officers of the people, and said, "I am very old now.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Joshua summoned all Israel, including its elders, leaders, judges, and officers, and said to them, "I am old, getting on in years,

International Standard Version
Joshua called together all Israel, including their leaders, officials, judges, and tribal officers. He told them, "I am old now after having lived many years.

NET Bible
So Joshua summoned all Israel, including the elders, rulers, judges, and leaders, and told them: "I am very old.

New Heart English Bible
that Joshua called for all Israel, for their elders and for their heads, and for their judges and for their officers, and said to them, "I am old and well advanced in years.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So he called all the leaders, chiefs, judges, and officers of Israel together. He said to them, "I am old, near the end of my life.

JPS Tanakh 1917
that Joshua called for all Israel, for their elders and for their heads, and for their judges and for their officers, and said unto them: 'I am old and well stricken in years.

New American Standard 1977
that Joshua called for all Israel, for their elders and their heads and their judges and their officers, and said to them, “I am old, advanced in years.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Joshua called for all Israel and for their elders and for their princes and for their judges and for their officers and said unto them, I am old and stricken in age;

King James 2000 Bible
And Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old and stricken in age:

American King James Version
And Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said to them, I am old and stricken in age:

American Standard Version
that Joshua called for all Israel, for their elders and for their heads, and for their judges and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old and well stricken in years:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Joshua called together all the children of Israel, and their elders, and their chiefs, and their judges, and their officers; and said to them, I am old and advanced in years.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Josue called for all Israel, and for the elders, and for the princes, and for the judges, and for the masters, and said to them: I am old, and far advanced in years:

Darby Bible Translation
that Joshua called for all Israel, for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, I am become old, advanced in age;

English Revised Version
that Joshua called for all Israel, for their elders and for their heads, and for their judges and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old and well stricken in years:

Webster's Bible Translation
And Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said to them, I am old and advanced in age:

World English Bible
that Joshua called for all Israel, for their elders and for their heads, and for their judges and for their officers, and said to them, "I am old and well advanced in years.

Young's Literal Translation
and Joshua calleth for all Israel, for its elders, and for its heads, and for its judges, and for its authorities, and saith unto them, 'I have become old; I have entered into days;
Study Bible
Joshua's Charge to Leaders
1A long time after the LORD had given Israel rest from all the enemies around them, when Joshua was old and advanced in years, 2he summoned all Israel, including its elders, leaders, judges, and officers. “I am old and advanced in years,” he said, 3“and you have seen everything that the LORD your God has done to all these nations for your sake, because it was the LORD your God who fought for you.…
Cross References
Joshua 24:1
Then Joshua assembled all the tribes of Israel at Shechem. He summoned the elders, leaders, judges, and officers of Israel, and they presented themselves before God.

Joshua 23:3
"and you have seen everything that the LORD your God has done to all these nations for your sake, because it was the LORD your God who fought for you.

Treasury of Scripture

And Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said to them, I am old and stricken in age:

all Israel

Joshua 24:1
And Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God.

Deuteronomy 31:28
Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them.

1 Chronicles 28:1
And David assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands, and captains over the hundreds, and the stewards over all the substance and possession of the king, and of his sons, with the officers, and with the mighty men, and with all the valiant men, unto Jerusalem.







Lexicon
[he]
יְהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ֙ (yə·hō·wō·šu·a‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3091: Joshua -- 'the LORD is salvation', Moses' successor, also the name of a number of Israelites

summoned
וַיִּקְרָ֤א (way·yiq·rā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7121: To call, proclaim, read

all
לְכָל־ (lə·ḵāl)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

Israel,
יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

including its elders,
לִזְקֵנָיו֙ (liz·qê·nāw)
Preposition-l | Adjective - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2205: Old

leaders,
וּלְרָאשָׁ֔יו (ū·lə·rā·šāw)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7218: The head

judges,
וּלְשֹׁפְטָ֖יו (ū·lə·šō·p̄ə·ṭāw)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8199: To judge, pronounce sentence, to vindicate, punish, to govern, to litigate

and officers.
וּלְשֹֽׁטְרָ֑יו (ū·lə·šō·ṭə·rāw)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7860: A scribe, an official superintendent, magistrate

“I
אֲנִ֣י (’ă·nî)
Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 589: I

am old
זָקַ֔נְתִּי (zā·qan·tî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 2204: To be or become old

[and] advanced
בָּ֖אתִי (bā·ṯî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

in years,”
בַּיָּמִֽים׃ (bay·yā·mîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

he said,
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say
(2) Joshua called for all Israel (i.e., first). . . for their elders . . . heads . . . judges, and . . . officers.--The first "and" in the English Version of this verse should be omitted.

And said unto them . . .--The address which follows should be contrasted with that in Joshua 24. The first is suited to men of education, authority, and position in Israel, and concerns the duty of the rulers; the second contains one plain lesson for all the people, and makes no demand upon their intellect, nor does it require any position of influence or authority to carry out the instructions which it gives.

Verse 2. - All Israel. By their representatives, as subsequently mentioned. For their officers (see Joshua 1:10). In the original the pronoun is in the singular throughout (see note on Joshua 6:25). And said unto them. This speech is not, as Calvin, Maurer, and others have suggested, the same as that in ch. 24. (see notes there). Maurer believed that he was the first to entertain this idea, but he has been anticipated by Calvin. It consists largely of quotations from Deuteronomy. 23:1-10 Joshua was old and dying, let them observe what he said now. He put them in mind of the great things God had done for them in his days. He exhorted them to be very courageous. Keep with care, do with diligence, and regard with sincerity what is written. Also, very cautiously to endeavour that the heathen idolatry may be forgotten, so that it may never be revived. It is sad that among Christians the names of the heathen gods are so commonly used, and made so familiar as they are. Joshua exhorts them to be very constant. There might be many things amiss among them, but they had not forsaken the Lord their God; the way to make people better, is to make the best of them.
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