Malachi 2:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"My covenant was with him, a covenant of life and peace, and I gave them to him; this called for reverence and he revered me and stood in awe of my name.

New Living Translation
"The purpose of my covenant with the Levites was to bring life and peace, and that is what I gave them. This required reverence from them, and they greatly revered me and stood in awe of my name.

English Standard Version
My covenant with him was one of life and peace, and I gave them to him. It was a covenant of fear, and he feared me. He stood in awe of my name.

New American Standard Bible
"My covenant with him was one of life and peace, and I gave them to him as an object of reverence; so he revered Me and stood in awe of My name.

King James Bible
My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear wherewith he feared me, and was afraid before my name.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
My covenant with him was one of life and peace, and I gave these to him; it called for reverence, and he revered Me and stood in awe of My name.

International Standard Version
"My covenant with him was for life and peace, and I gave the commandments to him so he would fear me. He did fear me as he stood in my presence.

NET Bible
"My covenant with him was designed to bring life and peace. I gave its statutes to him to fill him with awe, and he indeed revered me and stood in awe before me.

New Heart English Bible
"My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him that he might be reverent toward me; and he was reverent toward me, and stood in awe of my name.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"I promised Levi life and peace. I gave them to him so that he would respect me. He respected me and stood in awe of my name.

JPS Tanakh 1917
My covenant was with him Of life and peace, and I gave them to him, And of fear, and he feared Me, And was afraid of My name.

New American Standard 1977
“My covenant with him was one of life and peace, and I gave them to him as an object of reverence; so he revered Me, and stood in awe of My name.

Jubilee Bible 2000
My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear with which he feared me and was broken before my name.

King James 2000 Bible
My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear with which he feared me, and was afraid before my name.

American King James Version
My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear with which he feared me, and was afraid before my name.

American Standard Version
My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him that he might fear; and he feared me, and stood in awe of my name.

Douay-Rheims Bible
My covenant was with him of life and peace: and I gave him fear: and he feared me, and he was afraid before my name.

Darby Bible Translation
My covenant with him was of life and peace, and I gave them to him that he might fear; and he feared me, and trembled before my name.

English Revised Version
My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him that he might fear, and he feared me, and stood in awe of my name.

Webster's Bible Translation
My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear with which he feared me, and was afraid before my name.

World English Bible
"My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him that he might be reverent toward me; and he was reverent toward me, and stood in awe of my name.

Young's Literal Translation
My covenant hath been with him of life and of peace, And I make them to him a fear, and he doth fear Me, And because of My name he hath been affrighted.
Study Bible
A Warning to Priests
4"Then you will know that I have sent this commandment to you, that My covenant may continue with Levi," says the LORD of hosts. 5"My covenant with him was one of life and peace, and I gave them to him as an object of reverence; so he revered Me and stood in awe of My name. 6"True instruction was in his mouth and unrighteousness was not found on his lips; he walked with Me in peace and uprightness, and he turned many back from iniquity.…
Cross References
Numbers 25:7
When Phinehas the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he arose from the midst of the congregation and took a spear in his hand,

Numbers 25:8
and he went after the man of Israel into the tent and pierced both of them through, the man of Israel and the woman, through the body. So the plague on the sons of Israel was checked.

Numbers 25:12
"Therefore say, 'Behold, I give him My covenant of peace;

Deuteronomy 33:9
Who said of his father and his mother, 'I did not consider them'; And he did not acknowledge his brothers, Nor did he regard his own sons, For they observed Your word, And kept Your covenant.

Psalm 61:5
For You have heard my vows, O God; You have given me the inheritance of those who fear Your name.
Treasury of Scripture

My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear with which he feared me, and was afraid before my name.

covenant.

Numbers 3:45 Take the Levites instead of all the firstborn among the children …

Numbers 8:15 And after that shall the Levites go in to do the service of the tabernacle …

Numbers 16:9,10 Seems it but a small thing to you, that the God of Israel has separated …

Numbers 18:8-24 And the LORD spoke to Aaron, Behold…

Numbers 25:12,13 Why say, Behold, I give to him my covenant of peace…

Deuteronomy 33:8-10 And of Levi he said, Let your Thummim and your Urim be with your …

Psalm 106:30,31 Then stood up Phinehas, and executed judgment: and so the plague was stayed…

Ezekiel 34:25 And I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause the …

Ezekiel 37:26 Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an …

I gave.

Exodus 32:26-29 Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Who is on the …

Deuteronomy 33:8-11 And of Levi he said, Let your Thummim and your Urim be with your …

(5) Of life and peace.--Better, life and peace--i.e., by it life and peace were guaranteed to him.

Life in its highest sense.

Peace as the sum total of blessing: the "fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace." (Galatians 5:22; comp. Note on Zechariah 6:13.)

Them--viz., life and peace.

For the fear . . . me.--Better, As fear--(i.e., as a motive for the fear of God), and he did fear me. Or, perhaps, a still better interpretation is that which represents God and Levi as each having performed his part of the covenant--God in bestowing "life and peace," Levi in rendering "fear." According to this view, the words should be translated, My covenant was with him--viz., life and peace--and I gave them to him; fear, and he feared me, and trembled before My Name.

Verses 5-9. - § 5. In contrast with these evil ministers, the character of the true priest is sketched, and thus the faults of the former are shown in darker colours. Verse 5. - My covenant was with him of life and peace; rather, with him was life and peace. This is one side of the covenant, that which God gave - the blessing of life, abundance, prosperity, and secure and undisturbed enjoyment of these, in the everlasting priesthood, in agreement with the promise to Phinehas (Numbers 25:12; comp. Deuteronomy 33:8-11). I gave them to him for the fear, etc. I gave him life and peace. The pronominal suffix "them" is not expressed in the Greek and Latin Versions, and is absent from many Hebrew manuscripts, which read, "I gave him fear." So the Vulgate, Dedi eis timorem et timuit me; Septuagint, Αδωκα αὐτῷ ἐν φόβῳ φοβεῖσθαί με, "I gave him the fear of me." This expresses man's part in the covenant: God gave him certain blessings on condition that he feared, reverenced, worshipped, and obeyed the Lord. The last part of the verse as now read is more simply explained, "and (my covenant with him was, or, I gave him) fear, and he did fear me." God's gifts were life and peace. Levi's part was fear of God: this he performed. The ideal priest observed all the duties of piety and reverence, and therefore in his case the covenant stood firm and was duly carried out. My covenant was with him of life and peace,.... Not with Aaron, nor with Phinehas; nor is it to be understood of a covenant, promising temporal life and outward prosperity to either of them; Aaron living a hundred and twenty three years, Numbers 33:39 and Phinehas, according to some Jewish writers, above three hundred years, which they gather from Judges 20:28 but of the covenant made with Christ from everlasting, called "a covenant of life", because it was made with Christ the Word of life, who was with the Father from all eternity, and in time was made manifest in the flesh; and was made in behalf of persons ordained to eternal life, and in which that was promised and given to them in him; and in which it was agreed that he should become man, and lay down his life as such, that they might enjoy it: and it is called a "covenant of peace", because the scheme of peace and reconciliation was drawn in it, and agreed unto; Christ was appointed in it to be the Peacemaker; and in consequence of which he was sent to procure peace, and he has made it by the blood of his cross: and this covenant may be said to have been and to be "with him"; because it was made with him from all eternity, as the head and representative of his people, and he had all the blessings and promises of it put into his hands; and it stands fast with him, and will do so for evermore.

And I gave them to him; namely, the blessings of life and peace; eternal life is the gift of God; and not only the promise of it, but that itself, was given to Christ in covenant for his people, and a power to give it to as many as the Father gave to him, Psalm 21:4 2 Timothy 1:1 he gave him also peace to make, put this work of peacemaking into his hand; and he allows it to be made by him, and that it is rightly effected; and from his blood and righteousness peace springs to his people; and they enjoy peace in him and through him, yea, all prosperity and happiness:

for the fear wherewith he feared me; because of his obedience to the precept and penalty of the law; because of his righteousness, and sufferings, and death, by means of which life and peace came to his people, and in which he showed great fear and reverence of God, Hebrews 5:7 the word "for" is not in the original text, and may be left out in a version, or supplied with "and"; and the sense be, besides the blessings of life and peace, I also gave him the fear with which he feared me; which must be understood of the grace of fear bestowed on him as man: so the Septuagint version, "I gave unto him in fear to fear me"; and the Vulgate Latin version, "and I gave him fear, and he feared me": and the Arabic version, "I gave him fear, that he might fear me": the Targum is,

"I gave him the perfect doctrine of the law, or the doctrine of the perfect law (see James 1:25) that he might fear before me.''

And was afraid before my name; frightened, and put into consternation, as he was when in the garden, and he began to be heavy and sore amazed, Mark 14:33 or he was broken and bruised, as Kimchi interprets the word here used, because of the name of the Lord, to satisfy his justice, fulfil his law, and glorify all his perfections. 5-9. He describes the promises, and also the conditions of the covenant; Levi's observance of the conditions and reward (compare Nu 25:11-13, Phinehas' zeal); and on the other hand the violation of the conditions, and consequent punishment of the present priests. "Life" here includes the perpetuity implied in Nu 25:13, "everlasting priesthood." "Peace" is specified both here and there. Maurer thus explains it; the Hebrew is, literally, "My covenant was with him, life and peace (to be given him on My part), and I gave them to him: (and on his part) fear (that is, reverence), and he did fear Me," etc. The former portion of the verse expresses the promise, and Jehovah's fulfilment of it; the latter, the condition, and Levi's steadfastness to it (De 33:8, 9). The Jewish priests self-deceivingly claimed the privileges of the covenant, while neglecting the conditions of it, as if God were bound by it to bless them, while they were free from all the obligation which it imposed to serve Him. The covenant is said to be not merely "of life and peace," but "life and peace"; for the keeping of God's law is its own reward (Ps 19:11).2:1-9 What is here said of the covenant of priesthood, is true of the covenant of grace made with all believers, as spiritual priests. It is a covenant of life and peace; it assures all believers of all happiness, both in this world and in that to come. It is an honour to God's servants to be employed as his messengers. The priest's lips should not keep knowledge from his people, but keep it for them. The people are all concerned to know the will of the Lord. We must not only consult the written word, but desire instruction and advice from God's messengers, in the affairs of our souls. Ministers must exert themselves to the utmost for the conversion of sinners; and even among those called Israelites, there are many to be turned from iniquity. Those ministers, and those only, are likely to turn men from sin, who preach sound doctrine, and live holy lives according to the Scripture. Many departed from this way; thus they misled the people. Such as walk with God in peace and righteousness, and turn others from sin, honour God; he will honour them, while those who despise him shall be lightly esteemed.
Jump to Previous
Affrighted Afraid Agreement Awe Covenant Fear Feared Honour Life Object Peace Revered Reverence Reverent Side Stood Trembled Wherewith
Jump to Next
Affrighted Afraid Agreement Awe Covenant Fear Feared Honour Life Object Peace Revered Reverence Reverent Side Stood Trembled Wherewith
Links
Malachi 2:5 NIV
Malachi 2:5 NLT
Malachi 2:5 ESV
Malachi 2:5 NASB
Malachi 2:5 KJV

Malachi 2:5 Biblia Paralela
Malachi 2:5 Chinese Bible
Malachi 2:5 French Bible
Malachi 2:5 German Bible

Alphabetical: a an and as awe called covenant for gave he him I in life me My name object of one peace revered reverence so stood them this to was with

OT Prophets: Malachi 2:5 My covenant was with him of life (Malachi Mal Ml) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Malachi 2:4
Top of Page
Top of Page