John 16:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When he comes, he will prove the world to be in the wrong about sin and righteousness and judgment:

New Living Translation
And when he comes, he will convict the world of its sin, and of God's righteousness, and of the coming judgment.

English Standard Version
And when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment:

New American Standard Bible
"And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment;

King James Bible
And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When He comes, He will convict the world about sin, righteousness, and judgment:

International Standard Version
When he comes, he will convict the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment—

NET Bible
And when he comes, he will prove the world wrong concerning sin and righteousness and judgment--

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“And when he comes, he will correct the world concerning sin and concerning righteousness and concerning judgment;”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He will come to convict the world of sin, to show the world what has God's approval, and to convince the world that God judges it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin and of righteousness and of judgment:

King James 2000 Bible
And when he is come, he will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

American King James Version
And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

American Standard Version
And he, when he is come, will convict the world in respect of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when he is come, he will convince the world of sin, and of justice, and of judgment.

Darby Bible Translation
And having come, he will bring demonstration to the world, of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

English Revised Version
And he, when he is come, will convict the world in respect of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

Webster's Bible Translation
And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

Weymouth New Testament
And He, when He comes, will convict the world in respect of sin, of righteousness, and of judgement; --

World English Bible
When he has come, he will convict the world about sin, about righteousness, and about judgment;

Young's Literal Translation
and having come, He will convict the world concerning sin, and concerning righteousness, and concerning judgment;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

16:7-15 Christ's departure was necessary to the Comforter's coming. Sending the Spirit was to be the fruit of Christ's death, which was his going away. His bodily presence could be only in one place at one time, but his Spirit is every where, in all places, at all times, wherever two or three are gathered together in his name. See here the office of the Spirit, first to reprove, or to convince. Convincing work is the Spirit's work; he can do it effectually, and none but he. It is the method the Holy Spirit takes, first to convince, and then to comfort. The Spirit shall convince the world, of sin; not merely tell them of it. The Spirit convinces of the fact of sin; of the fault of sin; of the folly of sin; of the filth of sin, that by it we are become hateful to God; of the fountain of sin, the corrupt nature; and lastly, of the fruit of sin, that the end thereof is death. The Holy Spirit proves that all the world is guilty before God. He convinces the world of righteousness; that Jesus of Nazareth was Christ the righteous. Also, of Christ's righteousness, imparted to us for justification and salvation. He will show them where it is to be had, and how they may be accepted as righteous in God's sight. Christ's ascension proves the ransom was accepted, and the righteousness finished, through which believers were to be justified. Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged. All will be well, when his power is broken, who made all the mischief. As Satan is subdued by Christ, this gives us confidence, for no other power can stand before him. And of the day of judgment. The coming of the Spirit would be of unspeakable advantage to the disciples. The Holy Spirit is our Guide, not only to show us the way, but to go with us by continued aids and influences. To be led into a truth is more than barely to know it; it is not only to have the notion of it in our heads, but the relish, and savour, and power of it in our hearts. He shall teach all truth, and keep back nothing profitable, for he will show things to come. All the gifts and graces of the Spirit, all the preaching, and all the writing of the apostles, under the influence of the Spirit, all the tongues, and miracles, were to glorify Christ. It behoves every one to ask, whether the Holy Spirit has begun a good work in his heart? Without clear discovery of our guilt and danger, we never shall understand the value of Christ's salvation; but when brought to know ourselves aright, we begin to see the value of the Redeemer. We should have fuller views of the Redeemer, and more lively affections to him, if we more prayed for, and depended on the Holy Spirit.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 8. - And he, when he is come (ἐλθών). A right royal assurance. The Holy Spirit will come, as my grace and the result of my sending. He will convict the world. Little doubt is now entertained that this ἔλεγχος implies the refutation of error, the discovery of wrong-doing, the bringing it home to the person convinced, and thus convicted (John 3:20; John 8:9, 46; 1 Corinthians 14:24; Titus 1:9; James 2:9); making such a one see that he is open to the condemnation of conscience, or of men, or of the Law of God. This conviction may in some cases lead to conversion and deliverance, but is distinct from it, and sometimes also may issue after such a manifestation in hardness and impenitence. The patristic interpretation (Authorized Version and Hengstenberg), "He will reprove," might pass as a fair translation of the word, in its reference to sin, but would have small meaning as applied to righteousness or judgment. Meyer, Godet, Luthardt, Lange, Westcott, Stier, and Moulton agree that ἔλεγξει means more than "reprove," less than "convince." The world is spoken of, not Jews merely, or their leaders. Humanity itself, with its false standards of judgment, and its self-complacency, is to be convicted of being in the wrong; all kings, princes, potentates, priests, and publicans, who are out of harmony with God, wilt be convicted by the Paraclete. The conviction of the world is threefold - in respect of sin, in respect of righteousness, and in respect of judgment. The three great categories of thought, custom, and conduct; the three themes where the world is in infinite need of being compelled to see that it is altogether in the wrong. The disciples are to overcome the whole world by the intensity with which they will be instrumentally the occasion of this conviction. The world under the depressing and distracting influence of its own principles, as well as its passions, has misconceived the whole nature of "sin," the entire mystery of "righteousness," the certainty of retribution, and the things and principles on which condign "judgment" must fall. The Advocate, the Divine, indwelling Spirit of the truth, whom Christ will send into his disciples as compensation for his own absence, will through them do this strange and tremendous work. Our Lord does not here promise the conversion of mankind, but such a conviction that the blessed consequence may follow. The first great step will be taken.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And when he is come,.... The coming of the Spirit here, chiefly designs his descent upon the apostles, at the day of "Pentecost": as the things ascribed to him, and which were then done by him, clearly show; though it may also include his coming along with, and by the ministration of the Gospel, into the hearts of his people at conversion, in all after ages of time:

he will reprove the world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment: by "the world" is principally meant, the Jews; the world among whom Christ personally was, who knew him not, disbelieved him, rejected him as the Messiah, hated and persecuted him, even unto death; though not to the exclusion of the Gentiles, the whole world that lies in wickedness; since both joined, and were concerned in these things, and reproved of them; which "reproving", as it may respect different persons, may intend both such reproofs and convictions, as are not attended with conversion, and issue in salvation; and such as are powerful, spiritual, and to saving purposes: the several things the Spirit of God is said to reprove of, being repeated in the following verses, with reasons or specifications annexed to them, will be there considered.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. And when he is come, he will, &c.—This is one of the passages most pregnant with thought in the profound discourses of Christ; with a few great strokes depicting all and every part of the ministry of the Holy Ghost in the world—His operation with reference to individuals as well as the mass, on believers and unbelievers alike [Olshausen].

he will reprove—This is too weak a word to express what is meant. Reproof is indeed implied in the term employed, and doubtless the word begins with it. But convict or convince is the thing intended; and as the one expresses the work of the Spirit on the unbelieving portion of mankind, and the other on the believing, it is better not to restrict it to either.

John 16:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Holy Spirit Promised
7"But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. 8"And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; 9concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me;…
Cross References
John 16:7
But very truly I tell you, it is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you.

John 16:9
about sin, because people do not believe in me;

1 Corinthians 14:24
But if an unbeliever or an inquirer comes in while everyone is prophesying, they are convicted of sin and are brought under judgment by all,
Treasury of Scripture

And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

he will.

Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour on the house of David, and on the inhabitants of …

Acts 2:37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said …

Acts 16:29,30 Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and …

reprove. or, convince.

John 8:9,46 And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, …

1 Corinthians 14:24 But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believes not, or …

Jude 1:15 To execute judgment on all, and to convince all that are ungodly …

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