Genesis 29:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When the LORD saw that Leah was not loved, he enabled her to conceive, but Rachel remained childless.

New Living Translation
When the LORD saw that Leah was unloved, he enabled her to have children, but Rachel could not conceive.

English Standard Version
When the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb, but Rachel was barren.

New American Standard Bible
Now the LORD saw that Leah was unloved, and He opened her womb, but Rachel was barren.

King James Bible
And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the LORD saw that Leah was unloved, He opened her womb; but Rachel was unable to conceive.

International Standard Version
Later, the LORD noticed that Leah was being neglected, so he made her fertile, while Rachel remained childless.

NET Bible
When the LORD saw that Leah was unloved, he enabled her to become pregnant while Rachel remained childless.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the LORD saw Leah was unloved, he made it possible for her to have children, but Rachel had none.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb; but Rachel was barren.

King James 2000 Bible
And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.

American King James Version
And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.

American Standard Version
And Jehovah saw that Leah was hated, and he opened her womb. But Rachel was barren.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord seeing that he despised Lia, opened her womb, but her sister remained barren.

Darby Bible Translation
And when Jehovah saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb; but Rachel was barren.

English Revised Version
And the LORD saw that Leah was hated, and he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he made her fruitful: but Rachel was barren.

World English Bible
Yahweh saw that Leah was hated, and he opened her womb, but Rachel was barren.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah seeth that Leah is the hated one, and He openeth her womb, and Rachel is barren;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

29:31-35 The names Leah gave her children, expressed her respect and regard, both to God and to her husband. Reuben, or See a son, with this thought, Now will my husband love me; Levi, or joined, expecting, Now will my husband be joined unto me. Mutual affection is both the duty and comfort of the married relation; and yoke-fellows should study to recommend themselves to each other, 1Co 7:33,34. She thankfully acknowledges the kind providence of God in hearing her. Whatever supports and comforts us under afflictions, or tends to our deliverance from them, God must be owned in it. Her fourth son she called Judah, or praise, saying, Now will I praise the Lord. This was he, of whom, as concerning the flesh, Christ came. Whatever is the matter of our rejoicing, ought to be the matter of our thanksgiving. Fresh favours should quicken us to praise God for former favours; Now will I praise the Lord more and better than I have done. All our praises must centre in Christ, both as the matter of them, and as the Mediator of them. He descended after the flesh from him whose name was Praise, and He is our praise. Is Christ formed in my heart? Now will I praise the Lord.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 31. - And when the Lord saw - literally, and Jehovah saw. As Eve's son was obtained from Jehovah (Genesis 4:1), and Jehovah visited Sarah (Genesis 21:1), and was entreated for Rebekah (Genesis 25:21), so here he again interposes in connection with the onward development of the holy seed by giving children to Jacob s wives. The present section (vers. 31-35) is by Davidson, Kalisch, and others assigned to the Jehovist, by Tuch left undetermined, and by Colenso in several parts ascribed to the Elohist. Kalisch thinks the contents of this section must have found a place in the earlier of the two documents - that Leah was hated, - i.e. less loved (cf. Malachi 1:3) - he opened her womb (cf. 1 Samuel 1:5, 6; Psalm 127:3): but Rachel was barren - as Sarai (Genesis 11:30) and Rebekah (Genesis 25:21) had been. The fruitfulness of Leah and the sterility of Rachel were designed not so much to equalize the conditions of the sisters, the one having beauty and the other children (Lange), or to punish Jacob for his partiality (Keil), or to discourage the admiration of mere beauty (Kalisch), but to prove that "the origin of Israel was to be a work not of nature, but of grace" (Keil).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And when the Lord saw that Leah was hated,.... Not properly and simply hated by Jacob, as appears by his doing the duty of an husband to her, but comparatively; she was less loved than Rachel: and there are many things to be said for it; she was not beautiful as Rachel was; she was not Jacob's choice, as she was but imposed upon him through deceit, and he was forced to marry her, or he could not have Rachel his beloved wife: but the Lord had pity on her, and that she might have a share in her husband's affections:

he opened her womb; or gave her conception; as Onkelos paraphrases it:

but Rachel was barren; bare no children as yet, and for many years after, Genesis 30:22.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

31. Leah … hated—that is, not loved so much as she ought to have been. Her becoming a mother ensured her rising in the estimation both of her husband and of society.

Genesis 29:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah
31Now the LORD saw that Leah was unloved, and He opened her womb, but Rachel was barren. 32Leah conceived and bore a son and named him Reuben, for she said, "Because the LORD has seen my affliction; surely now my husband will love me."…
Cross References
Acts 7:8
Then he gave Abraham the covenant of circumcision. And Abraham became the father of Isaac and circumcised him eight days after his birth. Later Isaac became the father of Jacob, and Jacob became the father of the twelve patriarchs.

Genesis 29:30
Jacob made love to Rachel also, and his love for Rachel was greater than his love for Leah. And he worked for Laban another seven years.

Genesis 29:32
Leah became pregnant and gave birth to a son. She named him Reuben, for she said, "It is because the LORD has seen my misery. Surely my husband will love me now."

Genesis 30:1
When Rachel saw that she was not bearing Jacob any children, she became jealous of her sister. So she said to Jacob, "Give me children, or I'll die!"

Genesis 30:2
Jacob became angry with her and said, "Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children?"

Genesis 30:22
Then God remembered Rachel; he listened to her and enabled her to conceive.

Genesis 35:23
The sons of Leah: Reuben the firstborn of Jacob, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun.

Ruth 4:13
So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife. When he made love to her, the LORD enabled her to conceive, and she gave birth to a son.
Treasury of Scripture

And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.

saw.

Exodus 3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people …

was hated.

Genesis 29:30 And he went in also to Rachel, and he loved also Rachel more than …

Genesis 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father …

Deuteronomy 21:15 If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they …

Malachi 1:3 And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for …

Matthew 6:24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and …

Matthew 10:37 He that loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: …

Luke 14:26 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, …

John 12:25 He that loves his life shall lose it; and he that hates his life …

he opened.

Genesis 16:1 Now Sarai Abram's wife bore him no children: and she had an handmaid, …

Genesis 20:18 For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, …

Genesis 21:1,2 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did to Sarah …

Genesis 25:21 And Isaac entreated the LORD for his wife, because she was barren: …

Genesis 30:1,2,22 And when Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no children, Rachel envied …

Judges 13:2,3 And there was a certain man of Zorah, of the family of the Danites, …

1 Samuel 1:5,20,27 But to Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but …

1 Samuel 2:21 And the LORD visited Hannah, so that she conceived, and bore three …

Psalm 127:3 See, children are an heritage of the LORD: and the fruit of the womb …

Luke 1:7 And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they …

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