Esther 4:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When Mordecai learned of all that had been done, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the city, wailing loudly and bitterly.

New Living Translation
When Mordecai learned about all that had been done, he tore his clothes, put on burlap and ashes, and went out into the city, crying with a loud and bitter wail.

English Standard Version
When Mordecai learned all that had been done, Mordecai tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and he cried out with a loud and bitter cry.

New American Standard Bible
When Mordecai learned all that had been done, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city and wailed loudly and bitterly.

King James Bible
When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Mordecai learned all that had occurred, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and ashes, went into the middle of the city, and cried loudly and bitterly.

International Standard Version
When Mordecai learned all that had been done, he tore his garments and clothed himself in sackcloth and ashes. He went into the middle of the city and cried out with a loud and bitter cry.

NET Bible
Now when Mordecai became aware of all that had been done, he tore his garments and put on sackcloth and ashes. He went out into the city, crying out in a loud and bitter voice.

New Heart English Bible
Now when Mordecai found out all that was done, Mordecai tore his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and wailed loudly and a bitterly.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Mordecai found out about everything that had been done, he tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes. He went into the middle of the city and cried loudly and bitterly.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now when Mordecai knew all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;

New American Standard 1977
When Mordecai learned all that had been done, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city and wailed loudly and bitterly.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes and put on sackcloth with ashes and went out into the midst of the city and cried with a loud and a bitter cry

King James 2000 Bible
When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai tore his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;

American King James Version
When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the middle of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;

American Standard Version
Now when Mordecai knew all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now when Mardochai had heard these things, he rent his garments, and put on sackcloth, strewing ashes on his head: and he cried with a loud voice in the street in the midst of the city, shewing the anguish of his mind.

Darby Bible Translation
And when Mordecai knew all that was done, Mordecai rent his garments, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and bitter cry,

English Revised Version
Now when Mordecai knew all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry:

Webster's Bible Translation
When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;

World English Bible
Now when Mordecai found out all that was done, Mordecai tore his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and wailed loudly and a bitterly.

Young's Literal Translation
And Mordecai hath known all that hath been done, and Mordecai rendeth his garments, and putteth on sackcloth and ashes, and goeth forth into the midst of the city and crieth -- a cry loud and bitter,
Study Bible
Mordecai Requests Esther's Help
1When Mordecai learned all that had been done, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city and wailed loudly and bitterly. 2He went as far as the king's gate, for no one was to enter the king's gate clothed in sackcloth.…
Cross References
Revelation 11:3
And I will empower my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for a thousand two hundred sixty days, clothed in sackcloth."

2 Samuel 1:11
Then David took hold of his clothes and tore them, and so also did all the men who were with him.

2 Samuel 13:19
Tamar put ashes on her head and tore her long-sleeved garment which was on her; and she put her hand on her head and went away, crying aloud as she went.

Esther 3:8
Then Haman said to King Ahasuerus, "There is a certain people scattered and dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom; their laws are different from those of all other people and they do not observe the king's laws, so it is not in the king's interest to let them remain.

Esther 4:2
He went as far as the king's gate, for no one was to enter the king's gate clothed in sackcloth.

Jonah 3:5
Then the people of Nineveh believed in God; and they called a fast and put on sackcloth from the greatest to the least of them.

Jonah 3:6
When the word reached the king of Nineveh, he arose from his throne, laid aside his robe from him, covered himself with sackcloth and sat on the ashes.
Treasury of Scripture

When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the middle of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;

all that.

Esther 3:8-13 And Haman said to king Ahasuerus…

rent.

2 Samuel 1:11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise …

Job 1:20 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell …

Jonah 3:4-9 And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, …

Acts 14:14 Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their …

with ashes.

Esther 4:3 And in every province, wherever the king's commandment and his decree …

Joshua 7:6 And Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth on his face before …

2 Samuel 13:19 And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colors …

Job 2:8 And he took him a potsherd to scrape himself with; and he sat down …

Job 42:6 Why I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.

Isaiah 58:5 Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict …

Ezekiel 27:30 And shall cause their voice to be heard against you, and shall cry …

Daniel 9:3 And I set my face to the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, …

Jonah 3:6 For word came to the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, …

Matthew 11:21 Woe to you, Chorazin! woe to you, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, …

and cried. Mordecai gave every demonstration of the most poignant grief. Nor did he hide this from the city; and the Greek says that he uttered these words aloud: [Airetai ethnos maden adikakos,] A people is going to be destroyed who have done no evil.

Genesis 27:34 And when Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with a great …

Isaiah 15:4 And Heshbon shall cry, and Elealeh: their voice shall be heard even …

Isaiah 22:4 Therefore said I, Look away from me; I will weep bitterly, labor …

Ezekiel 21:6 Sigh therefore, you son of man, with the breaking of your loins; …

Ezekiel 27:31 And they shall make themselves utterly bald for you, and gird them …

Micah 1:8 Therefore I will wail and howl, I will go stripped and naked: I will …

Zephaniah 1:14 The great day of the LORD is near, it is near, and hastens greatly, …

Revelation 18:17-19 For in one hour so great riches is come to nothing. And every shipmaster, …

IV.

(1) Mordecai rent his clothes.--This was a common sign of sorrow among Eastern nations generally. It will be noticed that the sorrow both of Mordecai and of the Jews generally (Esther 4:3) is described by external manifestations solely. There is rending of garments, putting on of sackcloth and ashes, fasting and weeping and wailing: there is nothing said of prayer and entreaty to the God of Israel, and strong crying to Him who is able to save. Daniel and Ezra and Nehemiah are all Jews, who, like Mordecai and Esther, have to submit to the rule of the alien, though, unlike them, they, when the danger threatened, besought, and not in vain, the help of their God. (See Daniel 6:10; Ezra 8:23; Nehemiah 1:4, &c.)

Verse 1. - Mordecai rent his clothes. Compare Ezra 9:3, 5 with the comment. The meaning of the act was well understood by the Persians. Put on sackcloth with ashes. So Daniel (Daniel 9:3), and the king of Nineveh (Jonah 3:6). Either act by itself was a sign of deep grief; both combined betokened the deepest grief possible. And went out into the midst of the city. The palace was not to be saddened by private griefs (see the next verse). Mordecai, therefore, having assumed the outward signs of extreme sorrow, quitted the palace, and entered the streets of the town. There, overcome by his feelings, he vented them, as Asiatics are wont to do, in loud and piercing cries (comp. Nehemiah 5:1). When Mordecai perceived all that was done,.... By the king, at the instigation of Haman, against the Jews; which he came to the knowledge of, either by some of the conflicts or by common fame, or on the sight of the edicts which were published in Shushan; though the Jews think it was made known to him in a supernatural way, either by Elijah, as the former Targum (x), or by the Holy Ghost, as the latter:

Mordecai rent his clothes: both behind and before, according to the same Targum; and this was a custom used in mourning, not only with the Jews, but with the Persians also, as Herodotus (y) relates:

and put on sackcloth with ashes; upon his head, as the former Targum; which was usual in mourning, even both; Job 2:12

and went out into the midst of the city; not Elam the province, as Aben Ezra, but the city Shushan:

and cried with a loud and bitter cry; that all the Jews in the city might be alarmed by it, and inquire the reason of it, and be affected with it; and a clamorous mournful noise was used among the Persians, as well as others, on sad occasions (z).

(x) So Midrash Esther, fol. 94. 1.((y) Thalia, sive, l. 3. c. ----. Urania, sive, l. 8. c. 99. (z) Calliope, sive, l. 9. c. 24. CHAPTER 4

Es 4:1-14. Mordecai and the Jews Mourn.

1, 2. When Mordecai perceived all that was done—Relying on the irrevocable nature of a Persian monarch's decree (Da 6:15), Hamman made it known as soon as the royal sanction had been obtained; and Mordecai was, doubtless, among the first to hear of it. On his own account, as well as on that of his countrymen, this astounding decree must have been indescribably distressing. The acts described in this passage are, according to the Oriental fashion, expressive of the most poignant sorrow; and his approach to the gate of the palace, under the impulse of irrepressible emotions, was to make an earnest though vain appeal to the royal mercy. Access, however, to the king's presence was, to a person in his disfigured state, impossible: "for none might enter into the king's gate clothed with sackcloth." But he found means of conveying intelligence of the horrid plot to Queen Esther.4:1-4 Mordecai avowed his relation to the Jews. Public calamities, that oppress the church of God, should affect our hearts more than any private affliction, and it is peculiarly distressing to occasion sufferings to others. God will keep those that are exposed to evil by the tenderness of their consciences.
Jump to Previous
Ashes Bitter Bitterly City Clothes Cried Cry Crying Dust Found Garments Haircloth Head Loudly Middle Midst Mordecai Mor'decai Perceived Pulling Rendeth Rent Robe Sackcloth Tore Wailed Wailing
Jump to Next
Ashes Bitter Bitterly City Clothes Cried Cry Crying Dust Found Garments Haircloth Head Loudly Middle Midst Mordecai Mor'decai Perceived Pulling Rendeth Rent Robe Sackcloth Tore Wailed Wailing
Links
Esther 4:1 NIV
Esther 4:1 NLT
Esther 4:1 ESV
Esther 4:1 NASB
Esther 4:1 KJV

Esther 4:1 Biblia Paralela
Esther 4:1 Chinese Bible
Esther 4:1 French Bible
Esther 4:1 German Bible

Alphabetical: all and ashes been bitterly city clothes done had he his into learned loudly midst Mordecai of on out put sackcloth that the tore wailed wailing went When

OT History: Esther 4:1 Now when Mordecai found out all that (Est Esth. Es) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Esther 3:15
Top of Page
Top of Page