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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaROLL (SCROLL)
rol: The usual form of book in Biblical times. It had been in use in Egypt for perhaps 2,000 years at the time when, according to the Pentateuch, the earliest Biblical books were written in this form. The Babylonian tablet seems to have been the prevailing form in Palestine up to about 1350 B.C., but by 1100 B.C., at least, the roll had been in established use for some time as far North as Byblos. Two Hebrew words, gillayon, meghillah, one Aramaic, cephar, and one Greek word, biblion, are so translated in the King James Version. Cephar (Ezra 6:1, the Revised Version (British and American) "archives, margin "books"), with the corresponding Hebrew form cepher, is the generic word for any whole work large or small, but as a book form (Isaiah 34:4) it may mean "roll," and, according to Blau (pp. 37, 45, etc.), it never does mean anything else. Both the other words seem to be connected with galal, "roll," which is the technical term for opening or closing a book. The meghillath cepher (Jeremiah 36:2) means the unwritten roll, or the roll considered in its material form as contrasted with the work. Meghillah, which is found in Ezra 6:2 (English Versions of the Bible, "roll"), Jeremiah (often), Ezekiel (often) and Zechariah, is a somewhat late word, and came to mean a small roll (but with a complete work) as distinguished from a book, corresponding thus to the modern distinction of pamphlet and book or document and book. The word gillayon is translated in the Revised Version (British and American) as "tablet," and is universally regarded as meaning (Isaiah 8:1) some smooth surface, corresponding to the same word in Isaiah 3:23 which is rendered "hand-mirror." But "cylinder-seal" would possibly fit the sense in both cases; this being hung round the neck as an ornament in one case and inscribed with a personal name in the other.
Greek617. apokulio -- to roll away
... to roll away. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: apokulio Phonetic Spelling:
(ap-ok-oo-lee'-o) Short Definition: I roll away Definition: I roll away. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/617.htm - 6k
2947. kulio -- to roll
4351. proskulio -- to roll to
2777. kephalis -- a little head, a roll
1667. helisso -- to roll up, to coil
2855b. kollurion -- a small bread roll, an eye salve (shaped like ...
1750. eneileo -- to roll in, to wind in
4428. ptusso -- to fold, ie roll up
1507. heilisso -- roll together.
352a. anakulio -- to roll away or back
Strong's Hebrew1556. galal -- to roll, roll away
... 1555, 1556. galal. 1557 . to roll, roll away. Transliteration: galal Phonetic
Spelling: (gaw-lal') Short Definition: roll. Word Origin a prim. ...
/hebrew/1556.htm - 6k
6428. palash -- (act of mourning) perhaps to roll in
7088. qaphad -- gather together, roll up
829. eshpar -- perhaps cake or roll
4039. megillah -- a scroll
6801. tsanaph -- to wrap or wind up together
4040. megillah -- a scroll
1549. gillayon -- a table, tablet
5609. sephar -- a book
6424. palas -- to weigh, make level
Jeremiah's Roll Burned and Reproduced
Three Names High on the Muster-Roll
Easter Day 177. Angels, Roll the Rock Away
Calling the Roll of Heaven.
How Abbot John Obeyed his Senior by Trying to Roll a Huge Stone ...
Times Lose no Time; nor do they Roll Idly By...
Old and New Year 443. A Few More Years Shall Roll
The Writing of an Ancient Book
The Restoration of the Jews.
Smith's Bible DictionaryRoll
A book in ancient times consisted of a single long strip of paper or parchment, which was usually kept rolled upon a stick, and was unrolled when a person wished to read it. The roll was usually written on one side only, and hence the particular notice of one that was "written within and without." (Ezekiel 2:10) The writing was arranged in columns.
ATS Bible DictionaryRoll
Easton's Bible DictionaryThe common form of ancient books. The Hebrew word rendered "roll" or "volume" is meghillah, found in Ezra 6:2; Psalm 40:7; Jeremiah 36:2, 6, 23, 28, 29; Ezek. 2:9; 3:1-3; Zechariah 5:1, 2. "Rolls" (Chald. pl. of sephar, corresponding to Hebrews sepher) in Ezra 6:1 is rendered in the Revised Version "archives." In the New Testament the word "volume" (Hebrews 10:7; R.V., "roll") occurs as the rendering of the Greek kephalis, meaning the head or top of the stick or cylinder on which the manuscript was rolled, and hence the manuscript itself. (see BOOK.)
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) To cause to revolve by turning over and over; to move by turning on an axis; to impel forward by causing to turn over and over on a supporting surface; as, to roll a wheel, a ball, or a barrel.
2. (n.) To wrap round on itself; to form into a spherical or cylindrical body by causing to turn over and over; as, to roll a sheet of paper; to roll parchment; to roll clay or putty into a ball.
3. (n.) To bind or involve by winding, as in a bandage; to enwrap; -- often with up; as, to roll up a parcel.
4. (n.) To drive or impel forward with an easy motion, as of rolling; as, a river rolls its waters to the ocean.
5. (n.) To utter copiously, esp. with sounding words; to utter with a deep sound; -- often with forth, or out; as, to roll forth some one's praises; to roll out sentences.
6. (n.) To press or level with a roller; to spread or form with a roll, roller, or rollers; as, to roll a field; to roll paste; to roll steel rails, etc.
7. (n.) To move, or cause to be moved, upon, or by means of, rollers or small wheels.
8. (n.) To beat with rapid, continuous strokes, as a drum; to sound a roll upon.
9. (n.) To apply (one line or surface) to another without slipping; to bring all the parts of (one line or surface) into successive contact with another, in suck manner that at every instant the parts that have been in contact are equal.
10. (n.) To turn over in one's mind; to revolve.
11. (v. i.) To move, as a curved object may, along a surface by rotation without sliding; to revolve upon an axis; to turn over and over; as, a ball or wheel rolls on the earth; a body rolls on an inclined plane.
12. (v. i.) To move on wheels; as, the carriage rolls along the street.
13. (v. i.) To be wound or formed into a cylinder or ball; as, the cloth rolls unevenly; the snow rolls well.
14. (v. i.) To fall or tumble; -- with over; as, a stream rolls over a precipice.
15. (v. i.) To perform a periodical revolution; to move onward as with a revolution; as, the rolling year; ages roll away.
16. (v. i.) To turn; to move circularly.
17. (v. i.) To move, as waves or billows, with alternate swell and depression.
18. (v. i.) To incline first to one side, then to the other; to rock; as, there is a great difference in ships about rolling; in a general sense, to be tossed about.
19. (v. i.) To turn over, or from side to side, while lying down; to wallow; as, a horse rolls.
20. (v. i.) To spread under a roller or rolling-pin; as, the paste rolls well.
21. (v. i.) To beat a drum with strokes so rapid that they can scarcely be distinguished by the ear.
22. (v. i.) To make a loud or heavy rumbling noise; as, the thunder rolls.
23. (n.) The act of rolling, or state of being rolled; as, the roll of a ball; the roll of waves.
24. (v.) That which rolls; a roller.
25. (n.) A heavy cylinder used to break clods.
26. (n.) One of a set of revolving cylinders, or rollers, between which metal is pressed, formed, or smoothed, as in a rolling mill; as, to pass rails through the rolls.
27. (v.) That which is rolled up; as, a roll of fat, of wool, paper, cloth, etc.
28. (n.) A document written on a piece of parchment, paper, or other materials which may be rolled up; a scroll.
29. (v.) Hence, an official or public document; a register; a record; also, a catalogue; a list.
30. (n.) A quantity of cloth wound into a cylindrical form; as, a roll of carpeting; a roll of ribbon.
31. (n.) A cylindrical twist of tobacco.
32. (n.) A kind of shortened raised biscuit or bread, often rolled or doubled upon itself.
33. (n.) The oscillating movement of a vessel from side to side, in sea way, as distinguished from the alternate rise and fall of bow and stern called pitching.
34. (n.) A heavy, reverberatory sound; as, the roll of cannon, or of thunder.
35. (n.) The uniform beating of a drum with strokes so rapid as scarcely to be distinguished by the ear.
ThesaurusRoll (57 Occurrences)
... The common form of ancient books. The Hebrew word rendered "roll" or "volume" is
meghillah, found in Ezra 6:2; Psalm 40:7; Jeremiah 36:2, 6, 23, 28, 29; Ezek. ...
/r/roll.htm - 33k
Scroll (70 Occurrences)
Tablet (7 Occurrences)
Volume (4 Occurrences)
Neri'ah (8 Occurrences)
Nerijah (8 Occurrences)
Jehu'di (3 Occurrences)
Wallow (5 Occurrences)
Samaritan (8 Occurrences)
Baruch (24 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceRoll (57 Occurrences)
Matthew 1:1 A roll of the birth of Jesus Christ, son of David, son of Abraham.
Matthew 19:7 They say to him, 'Why then did Moses command to give a roll of divorce, and to put her away?'
Matthew 28:2 Behold, there was a great earthquake, for an angel of the Lord descended from the sky, and came and rolled away the stone from the door, and sat on it.
Mark 16:3 They were saying among themselves, "Who will roll away the stone from the door of the tomb for us?"
Luke 2:3 All went to enroll themselves, everyone to his own city.
Luke 2:5 to enroll himself with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him as wife, being pregnant.
Luke 4:17 And the book of the prophet Esaias was given to him; and having unrolled the book he found the place where it was written,
Luke 4:20 And rolling up the book, He returned it to the attendant, and sat down--to speak. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on Him.
John 19:39 And Nicodemus came (he who had first come to Jesus by night) with a roll of myrrh and aloes mixed, about a hundred pounds.
1 Timothy 5:9 Let no one be enrolled as a widow under sixty years old, having been the wife of one man,
Hebrews 1:12 As a mantle, you will roll them up, and they will be changed; but you are the same. Your years will not fail."
Hebrews 10:7 Then I said,'Behold, I have come (in the scroll of the book it is written of me) to do your will, O God.'"
2 Peter 2:22 Their case is that described in the true proverb, "A dog returns to what he has vomited," and also in the other proverb, "The sow has washed itself and now goes back to roll in its filth."
Revelation 6:14 The sky was removed like a scroll when it is rolled up. Every mountain and island were moved out of their places.
Revelation 10:10 So I took the roll out of the angel's hand and ate the whole of it; and in my mouth it was as sweet as honey, but when I had eaten it I found it very bitter.
Genesis 29:3 There all the flocks were gathered. They rolled the stone from the well's mouth, and watered the sheep, and put the stone again on the well's mouth in its place.
Genesis 29:8 They said, "We can't, until all the flocks are gathered together, and they roll the stone from the well's mouth. Then we water the sheep."
Genesis 43:18 and the men are afraid because they have been brought into the house of Joseph, and they say, 'For the matter of the money which was put back in our bags at the commencement are we brought in -- to roll himself upon us, and to throw himself on us, and to take us for servants -- our asses also.'
Joshua 10:18 Joshua said, "Roll large stones to the mouth of the cave, and set men by it to guard them;
Judges 19:25 And the men have not been willing to hearken to him, and the man taketh hold on his concubine, and bringeth 'her' out unto them without, and they know her, and roll themselves upon her all the night, till the morning, and send her away in the ascending of the dawn;
1 Samuel 14:33 Then they told Saul, saying, "Behold, the people are sinning against Yahweh, in that they eat meat with the blood." He said, "You have dealt treacherously. Roll a large stone to me this day!"
Ezra 6:2 There was found at Achmetha, in the palace that is in the province of Media, a scroll, and therein was thus written for a record:
Job 30:14 As through a wide breach they come, in the midst of the ruin they roll themselves in.
Psalms 22:8 Roll unto Jehovah, He doth deliver him, He doth deliver him, for he delighted in him.'
Psalms 37:5 Roll on Jehovah thy way, And trust upon Him, and He worketh,
Psalms 40:7 Then I said, "Behold, I have come. It is written about me in the book in the scroll.
Psalms 119:22 Roll off from me reproach and contempt; for I observe thy testimonies.
Proverbs 16:3 Roll unto Jehovah thy works, And established are thy purposes,
Proverbs 26:27 Whoever digs a pit shall fall into it. Whoever rolls a stone, it will come back on him.
Isaiah 8:1 Moreover the LORD said unto me, Take thee a great roll, and write in it with a man's pen concerning Mahershalalhashbaz.
Isaiah 9:18 For wickedness burns like a fire. It devours the briers and thorns; yes, it kindles in the thickets of the forest, and they roll upward in a column of smoke.
Isaiah 22:18 He will surely wind thee round and round, and toss thee like a ball into a large country; there shalt thou die, and there shall be the chariots of thy glory, thou shame of thy lord's house.
Jeremiah 5:22 Have you no fear of me? says the Lord; will you not be shaking with fear before me, who have put the sand as a limit for the sea, by an eternal order, so that it may not go past it? and though it is ever in motion, it is not able to have its way; though the sound of its waves is loud, they are not able to go past it.
Jeremiah 6:26 O daughter of my people, put on haircloth, rolling yourself in the dust: give yourself to sorrow, as for an only son, with most bitter cries of grief; for he who makes waste will come on us suddenly.
Jeremiah 25:34 Give cries of grief, you keepers of sheep; give cries for help, rolling yourselves in the dust, you chiefs of the flock: for the days of your destruction have fully come, and I will send you in all directions, and your fall will be like that of the males of the flock.
Jeremiah 36:2 Take a scroll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken to you against Israel, and against Judah, and against all the nations, from the day I spoke to you, from the days of Josiah, even to this day.
Jeremiah 36:4 Then Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah; and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of Yahweh, which he had spoken to him, on a scroll of a book.
Jeremiah 36:6 therefore you go, and read in the scroll, which you have written from my mouth, the words of Yahweh in the ears of the people in Yahweh's house on the fast day; and also you shall read them in the ears of all Judah who come out of their cities.
Jeremiah 36:14 Therefore all the princes sent Jehudi the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, to Baruch, saying, Take in your hand the scroll in which you have read in the ears of the people, and come. So Baruch the son of Neriah took the scroll in his hand, and came to them.
Jeremiah 36:20 They went in to the king into the court; but they had laid up the scroll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe; and they told all the words in the ears of the king.
Jeremiah 36:21 So the king sent Jehudi to get the scroll; and he took it out of the chamber of Elishama the scribe. Jehudi read it in the ears of the king, and in the ears of all the princes who stood beside the king.
Jeremiah 36:23 It happened, when Jehudi had read three or four leaves, that the king cut it with the penknife, and cast it into the fire that was in the brazier, until all the scroll was consumed in the fire that was in the brazier.
Jeremiah 36:25 Moreover Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah had made intercession to the king that he would not burn the scroll; but he would not hear them.
Jeremiah 36:27 Then the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah, after that the king had burned the scroll, and the words which Baruch wrote at the mouth of Jeremiah, saying,
Jeremiah 36:28 Take again another scroll, and write in it all the former words that were in the first scroll, which Jehoiakim the king of Judah has burned.
Jeremiah 36:29 Concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah you shall say, Thus says Yahweh: You have burned this scroll, saying, Why have you written therein, saying, The king of Babylon shall certainly come and destroy this land, and shall cause to cease from there man and animal?
Jeremiah 36:32 Then took Jeremiah another scroll, and gave it to Baruch the scribe, the son of Neriah, who wrote therein from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the book which Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire; and there were added besides to them many like words.
Jeremiah 51:25 Behold, I am against you, destroying mountain, says Yahweh, which destroys all the earth; and I will stretch out my hand on you, and roll you down from the rocks, and will make you a burnt mountain.
Ezekiel 2:9 When I looked, behold, a hand was put forth to me; and, behold, a scroll of a book was therein;
Ezekiel 3:1 He said to me, Son of man, eat that which you find. Eat this scroll, and go, speak to the house of Israel.
Ezekiel 3:2 So I opened my mouth, and he caused me to eat the scroll.
Ezekiel 3:3 He said to me, Son of man, cause your belly to eat, and fill your bowels with this scroll that I give you. Then I ate it; and it was as sweet as honey in my mouth.
Ezekiel 27:30 and shall cause their voice to be heard over thee, and shall cry bitterly, and shall cast up dust upon their heads, they shall wallow themselves in the ashes:
Amos 5:24 But let justice roll on like rivers, and righteousness like a mighty stream.
Micah 1:10 Don't tell it in Gath. Don't weep at all. At Beth Ophrah I have rolled myself in the dust.
Zechariah 5:1 Then again I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and behold, a flying scroll.
Zechariah 5:2 He said to me, "What do you see?" I answered, "I see a flying scroll; its length is twenty cubits, and its breadth ten cubits."
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