Acts 18:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
and because he was a tentmaker as they were, he stayed and worked with them.

New Living Translation
Paul lived and worked with them, for they were tentmakers just as he was.

English Standard Version
and because he was of the same trade he stayed with them and worked, for they were tentmakers by trade.

Berean Study Bible
and he stayed and worked with them because they were tentmakers by trade, just as he was.

Berean Literal Bible
and because of being of the same trade, he stayed with them and worked. For they were tentmakers by the trade.

New American Standard Bible
and because he was of the same trade, he stayed with them and they were working, for by trade they were tent-makers.

King James Bible
And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and wrought: for by their occupation they were tentmakers.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and being of the same occupation, stayed with them and worked, for they were tentmakers by trade.

International Standard Version
and because they had the same trade he stayed with them. They worked together because they were tentmakers by trade.

NET Bible
and because he worked at the same trade, he stayed with them and worked with them (for they were tentmakers by trade).

New Heart English Bible
and because he practiced the same trade, he lived with them and worked, for by trade they were tent makers.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And because he was a member of their craft, he stayed with them, and he was working with them in their craft, for they were Tentmakers.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
and because they made tents for a living as he did, he stayed with them and they worked together.

New American Standard 1977
and because he was of the same trade, he stayed with them and they were working; for by trade they were tent-makers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them and worked, for by their occupation they were tentmakers.

King James 2000 Bible
And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and worked: for by their occupation they were tentmakers.

American King James Version
And because he was of the same craft, he stayed with them, and worked: for by their occupation they were tentmakers.

American Standard Version
and because he was of the same trade, he abode with them, and they wrought, for by their trade they were tentmakers.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And because he was of the same trade, he remained with them, and wrought; (now they were tentmakers by trade.)

Darby Bible Translation
and because they were of the same trade abode with them, and wrought. For they were tent-makers by trade.

English Revised Version
and because he was of the same trade, he abode with them, and they wrought; for by their trade they were tentmakers.

Webster's Bible Translation
And because he was of the same occupation, he abode with them, and wrought (for by their occupation they were tent-makers)

Weymouth New Testament
and because he was of the same trade--that of tent-maker--he lodged with them and worked with them.

World English Bible
and because he practiced the same trade, he lived with them and worked, for by trade they were tent makers.

Young's Literal Translation
and because of being of the same craft, he did remain with them, and was working, for they were tent-makers as to craft;
Study Bible
Paul's Ministry in Corinth
2There he found a Jew named Aquila, a native of Pontus, who had recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had ordered all the Jews to leave Rome. Paul went to visit them, 3and he stayed and worked with them because they were tentmakers by trade, just as he was. 4Every Sabbath he reasoned in the synagogue, trying to persuade Jews and Greeks alike.…
Cross References
Acts 20:34
You yourselves know that these hands of mine have ministered to my own needs and those of my companions.

1 Corinthians 4:12
We work hard with our own hands. When we are vilified, we bless; when we are persecuted, we endure it;

1 Corinthians 9:12
If others have this right to your support, shouldn't we have it all the more? But we did not exercise this right. Instead, we put up with anything rather than hinder the gospel of Christ.

1 Corinthians 9:14
In the same way, the Lord has prescribed that those who preach the gospel should receive their living from the gospel.

1 Corinthians 9:15
But I have not used any of these rights. And I am not writing this to suggest that something be done for me. Indeed, I would rather die than for anyone to nullify my boast.

1 Corinthians 9:18
What then is my reward? That in preaching the gospel I may offer it free of charge, and so not use up my rights in preaching it.

2 Corinthians 11:7
Was it a sin for me to humble myself in order to exalt you, because I preached the gospel of God to you free of charge?

2 Corinthians 12:13
In what way were you inferior to the other churches, except that I was not a burden to you? Forgive me this wrong!

1 Thessalonians 2:9
Surely you recall, brothers, our labor and toil. We worked night and day so that we would not be a burden to anyone while we proclaimed to you the gospel of God.

1 Thessalonians 4:11
and to aspire to live quietly, to attend to your own matters, and to work with your own hands, as we instructed you.
Treasury of Scripture

And because he was of the same craft, he stayed with them, and worked: for by their occupation they were tentmakers.

and wrought.

Acts 20:34,35 Yes, you yourselves know, that these hands have ministered to my …

1 Corinthians 4:12 And labor, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being …

1 Corinthians 9:6-12 Or I only and Barnabas, have not we power to forbear working…

2 Corinthians 11:9 And when I was present with you, and wanted, I was chargeable to no man…

1 Thessalonians 2:9 For you remember, brothers, our labor and travail: for laboring night …

2 Thessalonians 3:8,9 Neither did we eat any man's bread for nothing; but worked with labor …

(3) Because he was of the same craft.--The calling was one which St. Paul had probably learnt and practised in his native city, which was noted then, as now, for the rough goat's-hair fabrics known to the Romans, from the name of the province, as Cilicium ( = sack-cloth). The material was one used for the sails of ships and for tents, and on the whole, though some have supposed that leather was used for the latter, it seems more probable that this was the material which St. Paul worked at. It may be added that Pontus, from which Aquila came, was also famous for the same manufacture, the material in each case being furnished by the goats which fed upon the slopes of the Taurus, and the mountain ranges of that province. The fact that St. Paul had learnt this trade is not inconsistent with the comparative opulence suggested by his education both in boyhood at Tarsus and at the feet of Gamaliel in Jerusalem. The Rabbinic proverb, that "He who does not teach his son a trade, teaches him to be a thief," made such instruction almost universal. So the great Hillel was a carpenter. Here, it is clear, he took the course of working for his livelihood, as he had done at Thessalonica, that he might keep himself from the suspicion of self-interest in his work as a teacher (1Corinthians 9:15-19; 2Corinthians 11:7-13). Such was the beginning of his labours at Corinth. A new artisan was working for wages, or as a partner, probably the latter, as afterwards with Philemon (Philemon 1:17), in the workshop of the Jew, not as yet known to the outer world as more than a Jew, who had recently arrived in Corinth from Rome.

(3) We may add to this motive the principle on which St. Paul acted of being "all things to all men," and, therefore, as a Jew to Jews (1Corinthians 9:20). A Nazarite vow would testify to all his brethren by blood that he did not despise the Law himself nor teach other Jews to despise it. (See Notes on Acts 21:21-24.) Such a vow, involving, as it did, for a time a greater asceticism than that of common life, furnishes a link in the succession of thoughts in 1Corinthians 9:22-25, between the Apostle's being made "all things to all men" and his "keeping under his body, and bringing it into subjection."

Verse 3. - Trade for craft, A.V.; they wrought for (he) wrought, A.V. and T.R.; trade for occupation, A.V. (τέχνῃ). Of the same trade; ὁμότεχνον. This word occurs here only in the New Testament, but is of frequent use in Hippocrates, Dioscorides, and Galen (Hobart, as before). Tent-makers; σκηνοποιοί, which is paraphrased by σκηοῥῤάφοι, tent-stitchers or tailors, by Chrysostom and Theodoret. Hug and others erroneously interpret it "makers of tent-cloth," from the fact that a certain kind of cloth made of goats' hair, called κιλίκιον, was manufactured in Paul's native country of Cilicia. But the fact of such manufacture would equally lead persons who were living in Cilicia to exercise the trade of making tents of the cloth so manufactured. St. Paul alludes to his manual labor in Acts 20:33-35; 1 Corinthians 4:12; 1 Thessalonians 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:8, 9. And because he was of the same craft, Art, occupation, or trade:

he abode with them; in the same house in which they were:

and wrought; with his own hands, to support himself, for he was a stranger in this place; and as yet here was no church to minister to him; and when there was, he would take nothing of them, that the false teachers, who rose up among them, might not make any handle of it against him, and to the prejudice of the Gospel; though otherwise he thought it his just due to receive a maintenance from the churches; and insisted upon it as an ordination of Christ. He learned a trade whilst among the Jews, with whom it was common for their greatest doctors to be brought up to some trade or another; See Gill on Mark 6:3.

for by their occupation they were tent makers; either for the soldiers, and which were made of sack cloth of hair, or of leather, and of the skins of various animals (f), sewed together; hence the phrase, "sub pellibus", "under the skins", is used for to lie in tents (g): or those tents they made, were canopies made of linen, and other things, which were erected in the summer season to shade and screen from the heat of the sun; though others take them for a sort of tapestry, or hangings, which they made for theatres, palaces, and stately rooms; and according to the Syriac version, they were horses' trappings which they made: perhaps they were of the same occupation with Menedemus the philosopher, who was "a sewer of tents" (h).

(f) Alex. ab Alex. Genial. Dier. l. 1. c. 12. (g) Caesar. Comment. l. 5. de Bello Africano. p. 471. Liv. Hist. l. 5. in principio. (h) Laert. Vit. Philosoph. l. 2. p. 172. 3. tentmakers—manufacturers, probably, of those hair-cloth tents supplied by the goats of the apostle's native province, and hence, as sold in the markets of the Levant, called cilicium. Every Jewish youth, whatever the pecuniary circumstances of his parents, was taught some trade (see on [2044]Lu 2:42), and Paul made it a point of conscience to work at that which he had probably been bred to, partly that he might not be burdensome to the churches, and partly that his motives as a minister of Christ might not be liable to misconstruction. To both these he makes frequent reference in his Epistles.18:1-6 Though Paul was entitled to support from the churches he planted, and from the people to whom he preached, yet he worked at his calling. An honest trade, by which a man may get his bread, is not to be looked upon with contempt by any. It was the custom of the Jews to bring up their children to some trade, though they gave them learning or estates. Paul was careful to prevent prejudices, even the most unreasonable. The love of Christ is the best bond of the saints; and the communings of the saints with each other, sweeten labour, contempt, and even persecution. Most of the Jews persisted in contradicting the gospel of Christ, and blasphemed. They would not believe themselves, and did all they could to keep others from believing. Paul hereupon left them. He did not give over his work; for though Israel be not gathered, Christ and his gospel shall be glorious. The Jews could not complain, for they had the first offer. When some oppose the gospel, we must turn to others. Grief that many persist in unbelief should not prevent gratitude for the conversion of some to Christ.
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