1 Thessalonians 4:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Therefore, anyone who rejects this instruction does not reject a human being but God, the very God who gives you his Holy Spirit.

New Living Translation
Therefore, anyone who refuses to live by these rules is not disobeying human teaching but is rejecting God, who gives his Holy Spirit to you.

English Standard Version
Therefore whoever disregards this, disregards not man but God, who gives his Holy Spirit to you.

New American Standard Bible
So, he who rejects this is not rejecting man but the God who gives His Holy Spirit to you.

King James Bible
He therefore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God, who hath also given unto us his holy Spirit.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, the person who rejects this does not reject man, but God, who also gives you His Holy Spirit.

International Standard Version
Therefore, whoever rejects this instruction is not rejecting human authority but God, who gives you his Holy Spirit.

NET Bible
Consequently the one who rejects this is not rejecting human authority but God, who gives his Holy Spirit to you.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Therefore, whoever defrauds, does not defraud a man, but God, he who gives his Spirit of Holiness among you.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Therefore, whoever rejects this [order] is not rejecting human authority but God, who gives you his Holy Spirit.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He therefore that despises us, does not despise man, but God, who has also given unto us his Holy Spirit.

King James 2000 Bible
He therefore that despises, despises not man, but God, who has also given unto us his Holy Spirit.

American King James Version
He therefore that despises, despises not man, but God, who has also given to us his holy Spirit.

American Standard Version
Therefore he that rejecteth, rejecteth not man, but God, who giveth his Holy Spirit unto you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore, he that despiseth these things, despiseth not man, but God, who also hath given his holy Spirit in us.

Darby Bible Translation
He therefore that [in this] disregards [his brother], disregards, not man, but God, who has given also his Holy Spirit to you.

English Revised Version
Therefore he that rejecteth, rejecteth not man, but God, who giveth his Holy Spirit unto you.

Webster's Bible Translation
He therefore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God, who hath also given to us his holy Spirit.

Weymouth New Testament
Therefore a defiant spirit in such a case provokes not man but God, who puts His Holy Spirit into your hearts.

World English Bible
Therefore he who rejects this doesn't reject man, but God, who has also given his Holy Spirit to you.

Young's Literal Translation
he, therefore, who is despising -- doth not despise man, but God, who also did give His Holy Spirit to us.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:1-8 To abide in the faith of the gospel is not enough, we must abound in the work of faith. The rule according to which all ought to walk and act, is the commandments given by the Lord Jesus Christ. Sanctification, in the renewal of their souls under the influences of the Holy Spirit, and attention to appointed duties, constituted the will of God respecting them. In aspiring after this renewal of the soul unto holiness, strict restraint must be put upon the appetites and senses of the body, and on the thoughts and inclinations of the will, which lead to wrong uses of them. The Lord calls none into his family to live unholy lives, but that they may be taught and enabled to walk before him in holiness. Some make light of the precepts of holiness, because they hear them from men; but they are God's commands, and to break them is to despise God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 8. - He therefore that despiseth; or, as it is in the margin, rejecteth (R.V.). What is rejected is either the above commands to moral purity, or the Christian calling to holiness, or, better still, Paul himself, as the organ of God. Despiseth; or, rejecteth. Not man; that is, not me, as if the commands were given from myself - were of mere human origin. But God; the Giver of these commands. So also Peter said unto Ananias, "Thou hast not lied unto man, but unto God" (Acts 5:4); and our Lord says, "He that rejecteth you rejecteth me" (Luke 10:16). Who hath also given unto us his Holy Spirit. If this is the correct reading, then the apostle here again asserts his own inspiration, and that in the strongest and plainest terms. The best manuscripts, however, read, "who giveth his Holy Spirit unto you" (R.V.) - a strong enforcement of holiness, inasmuch as the Holy Spirit was given them for the express purpose of producing holiness within them.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He therefore that despiseth,.... The Vulgate Latin adds, "these things"; these exhortations now delivered, the commandments given by the Lord Jesus Christ, and the will of God above declared; he that rejects these things with contempt, takes no notice of them, and acts not according to them,

despiseth not man; not men only, the apostles of Christ, and ministers of the Gospel; for, by despising these exhortations, they themselves were despised, though not alone: but God; Father, Son, and Spirit; God the Father, whose will was their sanctification, even to abstain from fornication, and every act of uncleanness, which, if not attended to, was a despising of him; and the Lord Jesus Christ, by whom, and for whose sake they were entreated and exhorted, and in whose name, and by whose authority the apostle gave them these commandments; wherefore to slight them, was to slight Jesus Christ himself; and, by the way, this is a proof of the true and proper deity of Christ. Moreover, such despisers also, in some sense, do despite unto the spirit of grace, by whom the apostles spake, or who spoke in them these things, as follows,

who hath also given unto us his Holy Spirit; as he did to the prophets of the Old Testament, and therefore what they said was equally by divine inspiration of God; and hence despising them, was despising the Spirit of God that spake by them. The Syriac and Arabic versions read, "who hath given unto you his Holy Spirit"; and so all Stephens's copies; which furnishes out a fresh reason or argument, dissuading from uncleanness, since God had given them his "Spirit" to convince them of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment, so that they were not ignorant of the things warned against; and he had given them his Spirit as an "holy" Spirit, as a Spirit of sanctification, to begin and carry on that work in them, to which uncleanness was very opposite; and he had given his Spirit unto, or "into" them, to dwell in them, as in his temple, and therefore should be careful not to defile it; and to cause them to walk in his statutes, and to assist them to keep his judgments, and do them, and as an earnest of their inheritance, and a sealer of them up unto the day of redemption; wherefore it became them not to grieve him by an impure life; and they were laid under obligations to live in the Spirit, and to walk after him, and not after the flesh.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. despiseth, &c.—Greek, "setteth at naught" such engagements imposed on him in his calling, 1Th 4:7; in relation to his "brother," 1Th 4:6. He who doth so, "sets at naught not man (as for instance his brother), but God" (Ps 51:4) is used of despising or rejecting God's minister, it may mean here, "He who despiseth" or "rejecteth" these our ministerial precepts.

who hath also given unto us—So some oldest manuscripts read, but most oldest manuscripts read, "Who (without 'also') giveth (present) unto you" (not "us").

his Spirit—Greek, "His own Spirit, the Holy (One)"; thus emphatically marking "holiness" (1Th 4:7) as the end for which the Holy (One) is being given. "Unto you," in the Greek, implies that the Spirit is being given unto, into (put "into" your hearts), and among you (compare 1Th 2:9; Eph 4:30). "Giveth" implies that sanctification is not merely a work once for all accomplished in the past, but a present progressive work. So the Church of England Catechism, "sanctifieth (present) all the elect people of God." "His own" implies that as He gives you that which is essentially identical with Himself, He expects you should become like Himself (1Pe 1:16; 2Pe 1:4).

1 Thessalonians 4:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
Live to Please God
7For God has not called us for the purpose of impurity, but in sanctification. 8So, he who rejects this is not rejecting man but the God who gives His Holy Spirit to you. 9Now as to the love of the brethren, you have no need for anyone to write to you, for you yourselves are taught by God to love one another;…
Cross References
Exodus 16:8
Moses also said, "You will know that it was the LORD when he gives you meat to eat in the evening and all the bread you want in the morning, because he has heard your grumbling against him. Who are we? You are not grumbling against us, but against the LORD."

Luke 10:16
"Whoever listens to you listens to me; whoever rejects you rejects me; but whoever rejects me rejects him who sent me."

Romans 5:5
And hope does not put us to shame, because God's love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit, who has been given to us.

2 Corinthians 1:22
set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come.

Galatians 4:6
Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, "Abba, Father."

1 John 3:24
The one who keeps God's commands lives in him, and he in them. And this is how we know that he lives in us: We know it by the Spirit he gave us.
Treasury of Scripture

He therefore that despises, despises not man, but God, who has also given to us his holy Spirit.

despiseth. or, rejecteth.

1 Samuel 8:7 And the LORD said to Samuel, Listen to the voice of the people in …

1 Samuel 10:19 And you have this day rejected your God, who himself saved you out …

John 12:48 He that rejects me, and receives not my words, has one that judges …

despiseth not.

Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise …

Proverbs 23:9 Speak not in the ears of a fool: for he will despise the wisdom of your words.

Isaiah 49:7 Thus said the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to …

Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when …

Luke 10:16 He that hears you hears me; and he that despises you despises me; …

Acts 13:41 Behold, you despisers, and wonder, and perish: for I work a work …

Jude 1:8 Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, …

who.

Nehemiah 9:30 Yet many years did you forbear them, and testified against them by …

Acts 5:3,4 But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to …

1 Corinthians 2:10 But God has revealed them to us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searches …

1 Corinthians 7:40 But she is happier if she so abide, after my judgment: and I think …

1 Peter 1:12 To whom it was revealed, that not to themselves, but to us they did …

2 Peter 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy …

1 John 3:24 And he that keeps his commandments dwells in him, and he in him. …

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