1 Kings 14:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
You have done more evil than all who lived before you. You have made for yourself other gods, idols made of metal; you have aroused my anger and turned your back on me.

New Living Translation
You have done more evil than all who lived before you. You have made other gods for yourself and have made me furious with your gold calves. And since you have turned your back on me,

English Standard Version
but you have done evil above all who were before you and have gone and made for yourself other gods and metal images, provoking me to anger, and have cast me behind your back,

New American Standard Bible
you also have done more evil than all who were before you, and have gone and made for yourself other gods and molten images to provoke Me to anger, and have cast Me behind your back--

King James Bible
But hast done evil above all that were before thee: for thou hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and hast cast me behind thy back:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You behaved more wickedly than all who were before you. In order to provoke Me, you have proceeded to make for yourself other gods and cast images, but you have flung Me behind your back.

International Standard Version
Instead, you have done more evil than everyone who lived before you. 'You have gone out and crafted other gods for yourself. 'You made cast images. 'You have provoked me to anger. 'You have thrown me behind your back.

NET Bible
You have sinned more than all who came before you. You went and angered me by making other gods, formed out of metal; you have completely disregarded me.

New Heart English Bible
but have done evil above all who were before you, and have gone and made you other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and have cast me behind your back:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You have done more evil things than everyone before you. You made other gods, metal idols, for yourself. You made me furious and turned your back to me.

JPS Tanakh 1917
but hast done evil above all that were before thee, and hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke Me, and hast cast Me behind thy back;

New American Standard 1977
you also have done more evil than all who were before you, and have gone and made for yourself other gods and molten images to provoke Me to anger, and have cast Me behind your back—

Jubilee Bible 2000
but hast done evil above all that were before thee, for thou hast gone and made thee other gods and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and hast cast me behind thy back;

King James 2000 Bible
But have done evil above all that were before you: for you have gone and made you other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and have cast me behind your back:

American King James Version
But have done evil above all that were before you: for you have gone and made you other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and have cast me behind your back:

American Standard Version
but hast done evil above all that were before thee, and hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and hast cast me behind thy back:

Douay-Rheims Bible
But hast done evil above all that were before thee, and hast made thee strange gods and molten gods, to provoke me to anger, and hast cast me behind thy back:

Darby Bible Translation
but thou hast done evil above all that were before thee, and hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and hast cast me behind thy back:

English Revised Version
but hast done evil above all that were before thee, and hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and hast cast me behind thy back:

Webster's Bible Translation
But hast done evil above all that were before thee: for thou hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and hast cast me behind thy back:

World English Bible
but have done evil above all who were before you, and have gone and made you other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and have cast me behind your back:

Young's Literal Translation
and thou dost evil above all who have been before thee, and goest, and makest to thee other gods and molten images to provoke Me to anger, and Me thou hast cast behind thy back:
Study Bible
Ahijah's Prophecy against Jeroboam
8and tore the kingdom away from the house of David and gave it to you-- yet you have not been like My servant David, who kept My commandments and who followed Me with all his heart, to do only that which was right in My sight; 9you also have done more evil than all who were before you, and have gone and made for yourself other gods and molten images to provoke Me to anger, and have cast Me behind your back-- 10therefore behold, I am bringing calamity on the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam every male person, both bond and free in Israel, and I will make a clean sweep of the house of Jeroboam, as one sweeps away dung until it is all gone.…
Cross References
Exodus 34:17
"You shall make for yourself no molten gods.

1 Kings 12:28
So the king consulted, and made two golden calves, and he said to them, "It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem; behold your gods, O Israel, that brought you up from the land of Egypt."

1 Kings 15:29
It came about as soon as he was king, he struck down all the household of Jeroboam. He did not leave to Jeroboam any persons alive, until he had destroyed them, according to the word of the LORD, which He spoke by His servant Ahijah the Shilonite,

1 Kings 16:25
Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD, and acted more wickedly than all who were before him.

1 Kings 16:30
Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD more than all who were before him.

1 Kings 16:33
Ahab also made the Asherah. Thus Ahab did more to provoke the LORD God of Israel than all the kings of Israel who were before him.

2 Kings 3:3
Nevertheless, he clung to the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which he made Israel sin; he did not depart from them.

2 Chronicles 11:15
He set up priests of his own for the high places, for the satyrs and for the calves which he had made.

Nehemiah 9:26
"But they became disobedient and rebelled against You, And cast Your law behind their backs And killed Your prophets who had admonished them So that they might return to You, And they committed great blasphemies.

Psalm 50:17
"For you hate discipline, And you cast My words behind you.
Treasury of Scripture

But have done evil above all that were before you: for you have gone and made you other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and have cast me behind your back:

hast done

1 Kings 14:16 And he shall give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam, who …

1 Kings 12:28 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and …

1 Kings 13:33,34 After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made …

1 Kings 15:34 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of …

1 Kings 16:31 And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk …

thou hast gone

Deuteronomy 32:16,17,21 They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations …

Judges 5:8 They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield …

2 Chronicles 11:15 And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, …

Psalm 106:19,20 They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image…

Psalm 115:4-8 Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands…

Isaiah 44:9-20 They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable …

Jeremiah 10:14-16 Every man is brutish in his knowledge: every founder is confounded …

to provoke

1 Kings 14:22 And Judah did evil in the sight of the LORD, and they provoked him …

Deuteronomy 9:8-16,24 Also in Horeb you provoked the LORD to wrath, so that the LORD was …

2 Kings 21:3 For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had …

2 Kings 23:26 Notwithstanding the LORD turned not from the fierceness of his great …

2 Chronicles 33:6 And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley …

Psalm 78:40,56 How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert!…

Psalm 106:29 Thus they provoked him to anger with their inventions: and the plague …

Jeremiah 7:9,10 Will you steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and …

Ezekiel 8:2,17 Then I beheld, and see a likeness as the appearance of fire: from …

1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

cast me

Nehemiah 9:26 Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against you, and …

Psalm 50:17 Seeing you hate instruction, and casts my words behind you.

Ezekiel 23:35 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD; Because you have forgotten me, …

(9) But hast done evil above all that were before thee.--The language is strong, in the face of the many instances of the worship of false gods in the days of the Judges, and the recent apostasy of Solomon--to say nothing of the idolatry of the golden calf in the wilderness, and the setting up of the idolatrous sanctuaries in olden times at Ophrah and at Dan (Judges 8:27; Judges 18:30-31). The guilt, indeed, of Jeroboam's act was enhanced by the presumptuous contempt of the special promise of God, given on the sole condition of obedience. In respect of this, perhaps, he is said below--in an expression seldom used elsewhere--to have "cast God Himself behind his back." But probably the reference is mainly to the unprecedented effect of the sin, coming at a critical point in the history of Israel, and from that time onward poisoning the springs of national faith and worship. Other idolatries came and passed away: this continued, and at all times "made Israel to sin."

Other gods and molten images.--See in 1Kings 11:28 the repetition of the older declaration in the wilderness, "These be thy gods, O Israel." Jeroboam would have justified the use of the calves as simply emblems of the true God; Ahijah rejects the plea, holding these molten images, expressly forbidden in the Law, to be really objects of worship--"other gods,"--as, indeed, all experience shows that such forbidden emblems eventually tend to become. Moreover, from 1Kings 14:15 it appears that the foul worship of the Asherah ("groves") associated itself with the idolatry of Jeroboam.

Verse 9. - But hast done evil above all that were before thee [perhaps preceding kings are not meant, so much as judges - judices et duces Israelis (Le Clerc). Kings, however, are not excluded. Both Saul and Solomon had sinned (1 Samuel passim; 1 Kings 11:5, 6), though neither had set up an organized idolism and "made Israel to sin"]: for thou hast gone and made thee other gods [in defiance of the decalogue (Exodus 20:4). Jeroboam, no doubt, insisted that his calves were not idols, but cherubic symbols. But God does not recognize this distinction. Practically they were "other gods," and so they are here called derisively], and molten images [the word is used of the golden calf, Exodus 32:4, 8. See also Exodus 34:17; Deuteronomy 9:12; Judges 17:3, 4. The "other gods" and the "molten images" are but two names for the same thing, viz., the calves of Bethel and Dan], to provoke me to anger [This was the result, not, of course, the object of Jeroboam's idolatrous worship], and hast cast me [The order of the Hebrew stamps the "me" as emphatic, "and ME hast thou cast, etc.] behind thy back [This strong expression only occurs here and in Ezekiel 23:35. It forcibly expresses Jeroboam's, contemptuous disregard of God's revealed will. In Psalm 50:17; Nehemiah 9:26, we have somewhat similar phrases]: But hast done evil above all that were before thee,.... Not only above David, but above Saul, who never gave into idolatry, yea, even above Solomon, who, though he connived at idolatry, and might be guilty of it in some instances, yet did not attempt to draw his people into it; and if this was the latter end of Jeroboam's reign, which is probable, Rehoboam and Abijam might be both dead; and though they were blameworthy in some things, yet not so bad as Jeroboam; though perhaps this may respect only such who had been kings of Israel before him:

for thou hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger; the two calves of gold; for however he might colour things over, and pretend he did not look upon these as gods, but as representations of God, and that he did not worship them, but God by them, yet the Lord considered it as idolatry, than which nothing is more provoking to him:

and hast cast me behind thy back; as unworthy of his regard; or my worship, as the Targum, which he neglected, and showed no concern for. 14:7-20 Whether we keep an account of God's mercies to us or not, he does; and he will set them in order before us, if we are ungrateful, to our greater confusion. Ahijah foretells the speedy death of the child then sick, in mercy to him. He only in the house of Jeroboam had affection for the true worship of God, and disliked the worship of the calves. To show the power and sovereignty of his grace, God saves some out of the worst families, in whom there is some good thing towards the Lord God of Israel. The righteous are removed from the evil to come in this world, to the good to come in a better world. It is often a bad sign for a family, when the best in it are buried out of it. Yet their death never can be a loss to themselves. It was a present affliction to the family and kingdom, by which both ought to have been instructed. God also tells the judgments which should come upon the people of Israel, for conforming to the worship Jeroboam established. After they left the house of David, the government never continued long in one family, but one undermined and destroyed another. Families and kingdoms are ruined by sin. If great men do wickedly, they draw many others, both into the guilt and punishment. The condemnation of those will be severest, who must answer, not only for their own sins, but for sins others have been drawn into, and kept in, by them.
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