1 Chronicles 28:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Then David gave his son Solomon the plans for the portico of the temple, its buildings, its storerooms, its upper parts, its inner rooms and the place of atonement.

New Living Translation
Then David gave Solomon the plans for the Temple and its surroundings, including the entry room, the storerooms, the upstairs rooms, the inner rooms, and the inner sanctuary--which was the place of atonement.

English Standard Version
Then David gave Solomon his son the plan of the vestibule of the temple, and of its houses, its treasuries, its upper rooms, and its inner chambers, and of the room for the mercy seat;

New American Standard Bible
Then David gave to his son Solomon the plan of the porch of the temple, its buildings, its storehouses, its upper rooms, its inner rooms and the room for the mercy seat;

King James Bible
Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then David gave his son Solomon the plans for the portico of the temple and its buildings, treasuries, upper rooms, inner rooms, and a room for the mercy seat.

International Standard Version
At this point in his address, David transferred to his son Solomon the construction plans for the Hall of Justice, its buildings, its treasure vaults, its upper rooms, its inner chambers, the housing for the Mercy Seat,

NET Bible
David gave to his son Solomon the blueprints for the temple porch, its buildings, its treasuries, its upper areas, its inner rooms, and the room for atonement.

New Heart English Bible
Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch of the temple, and of its houses, and of its treasuries, and of the upper rooms of it, and of the inner rooms of it, and of the place of the mercy seat;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then David gave his son Solomon the plans for the entrance hall and the temple, its storerooms, upper rooms, inner rooms, and the room for the throne of mercy.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch [of the temple], and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper rooms thereof, and of the inner chambers thereof, and of the place of the ark-cover;

New American Standard 1977
Then David gave to his son Solomon the plan of the porch of the temple, its buildings, its storehouses, its upper rooms, its inner rooms, and the room for the mercy seat;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then David gave to Solomon, his son, the pattern of the porch and of its houses and of its treasuries and of its upper chambers and of its inner parlours and of the place of the seat of reconciliation,

King James 2000 Bible
Then David gave to Solomon his son the plans of the vestibule, and of its houses, and of its treasuries, and of its upper chambers, and of its inner chambers, and of the place for the mercy seat,

American King James Version
Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlors thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat,

American Standard Version
Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch of the temple , and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper rooms thereof, and of the inner chambers thereof, and of the place of the mercy-seat;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David gave to Solomon his son a description of the porch, and of the temple, and of the treasures, and of the upper floor, and of the inner chambers, and of the house for the mercy seat,

Darby Bible Translation
And David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of its houses, and of its treasuries, and of its upper chambers, and of its inner chambers, and of the house of the mercy-seat;

English Revised Version
Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch of the temple, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper rooms thereof, and of the inner chambers thereof, and of the place of the mercy-seat:

Webster's Bible Translation
Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses of it, and of its treasuries, and of its upper chambers, and of its inner parlors, and of the place of the mercy-seat,

World English Bible
Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch [of the temple], and of its houses, and of its treasuries, and of the upper rooms of it, and of the inner rooms of it, and of the place of the mercy seat;

Young's Literal Translation
And David giveth to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of its houses, and of its treasures, and of its upper chambers, and of its innermost chambers, and of the house of the atonement;
Study Bible
David's Charge to Solomon
10"Consider now, for the LORD has chosen you to build a house for the sanctuary; be courageous and act." 11Then David gave to his son Solomon the plan of the porch of the temple, its buildings, its storehouses, its upper rooms, its inner rooms and the room for the mercy seat; 12and the plan of all that he had in mind, for the courts of the house of the LORD, and for all the surrounding rooms, for the storehouses of the house of God and for the storehouses of the dedicated things;…
Cross References
Exodus 25:17
"You shall make a mercy seat of pure gold, two and a half cubits long and one and a half cubits wide.

Exodus 25:40
"See that you make them after the pattern for them, which was shown to you on the mountain.

1 Kings 6:3
The porch in front of the nave of the house was twenty cubits in length, corresponding to the width of the house, and its depth along the front of the house was ten cubits.

1 Chronicles 28:12
and the plan of all that he had in mind, for the courts of the house of the LORD, and for all the surrounding rooms, for the storehouses of the house of God and for the storehouses of the dedicated things;

1 Chronicles 28:19
"All this," said David, "the LORD made me understand in writing by His hand upon me, all the details of this pattern."

2 Chronicles 3:9
The weight of the nails was fifty shekels of gold. He also overlaid the upper rooms with gold.
Treasury of Scripture

Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlors thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat,

David He gave him an ichnography of the building, with elevations, sections and specifications of every part; and all this he himself received by inspiration from God himself (ver

1 Chronicles 28:12,19 And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of …

the pattern

1 Chronicles 28:19 All this, said David, the LORD made me understand in writing by his …

Exodus 25:40 And look that you make them after their pattern, which was showed …

Exodus 26:30 And you shall raise up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof …

Exodus 39:42,43 According to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of …

2 Chronicles 3:3 Now these are the things wherein Solomon was instructed for the building …

Ezekiel 43:10,11 You son of man, show the house to the house of Israel, that they …

Hebrews 8:5 Who serve to the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses …

the porch

1 Kings 6:3 And the porch before the temple of the house, twenty cubits was the …

2 Chronicles 3:4 And the porch that was in the front of the house, the length of it …

Ezekiel 40:8,9,15,48,49 He measured also the porch of the gate within, one reed…

the houses

1 Kings 6:16-20 And he built twenty cubits on the sides of the house, both the floor …

2 Chronicles 3:5-10 And the greater house he paneled with fir tree, which he overlaid …

Ezekiel 41:13 So he measured the house, an hundred cubits long; and the separate …

Hebrews 9:2-8 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, …

the treasuries () ganzakkaiv: the word () ganzach is supposed to be not Hebrew, but Persian; in which language we have () ganj, a granary, a hidden treasure, treasury, or barn. It may, however, be a Chaldee from of the Hebrew () genez (from () genaz, to treasure up;) the () being merely formative, as () dech, () illaich, and other Chaldee words.

1 Chronicles 9:26-29 For these Levites, the four chief porters, were in their set office, …

1 Chronicles 26:20-27 And of the Levites, Ahijah was over the treasures of the house of …

Luke 21:1 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury.

upper chambers

1 Kings 6:5,6,10 And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, …

2 Chronicles 3:9 And the weight of the nails was fifty shekels of gold. And he overlaid …

Nehemiah 10:38,39 And the priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites, when the …

Nehemiah 13:5 And he had prepared for him a great chamber, where aforetime they …

Jeremiah 35:2 Go to the house of the Rechabites, and speak to them, and bring them …

Ezekiel 41:6 And the side chambers were three, one over another, and thirty in order…

the place

Exodus 25:17-22 And you shall make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half …

Exodus 40:20,21 And he took and put the testimony into the ark, and set the staves …

1 Kings 6:19 And the oracle he prepared in the house within, to set there the …

2 Chronicles 5:7 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD to …

Hebrews 9:5 And over it the cherubim of glory shadowing the mercy seat; of which …

(11) Then (and) David gave.--The description proceeds from the outer to the inner.

The pattern.--Heb., tahnth, the word used in Exodus 25:9 of the model, plan, or design of the Tabernacle.

The porch.--See 1Kings 6:3. The Syriac has prstid: i.e., ??????????, colonnade, portico.

The houses thereof.--Its--i.e., the Temple's--chambers. Throughout this verse the word thereof refers to the house mentioned in 1Chronicles 28:10. The two principal rooms of the Temple, the "holy place" and the "Holy of holies," or, as we might say, the nave and the chancel, are called its "houses" (b?ttm).

The treasuries (ganzakkim), occurring here only. It appears to be a loan word from the Persian (ghanj, treasure, treasury; comp. the Latin and Greek gaza, treasure. In old Persian ka was a noun-ending; comp. bandaka, servant). With the singular, ganzak, comp. Persian Ghanjak (the classical Gazaca), the capital of Atropatene, which was a treasure-city. (Comp. also the word ginz; Esther 3:9; Esther 4:7; Ezra 7:20, and ginzayy?, Ezra 5:17; Ezra 6:1, meaning treasures.) Gesenius (Thesaur., p. 296) assumes that the root G N Z has passed from Semitic into Persian, and not vice vers. This may be true, as the root exists in the principal Semitic tongues, and yet it may be that ganzak in Hebrew is a modern loan word. The "treasuries" or store-rooms of the Temple were probably in the side-building of three storeys (1Kings 6:5).

The upper chambers ('alyth).--Only here and in 2Chronicles 3:9. They were probably over the Holy of holies, the ceiling of which was twenty cubits from the floor, whereas the roof of the whole building was thirty cubits from the ground. A space of ten cubits high by twenty wide and twenty long was thus available for the upper chambers.

The inner parlours.--The fore-court, or vestibule, and the holy place, or nave, in contrast with "the place of the mercy-seat," or chamber of the Kappreth: i.e., the Holy of holies, the inmost shrine of the whole bolding.

Verses 11-19. - These hints respecting the parts of the building that was to be, and respecting the furniture of it, will come in for fuller consideration in the fuller treatment of them, found in the narration of the actual construction of the building in 2 Chronicles compared with 2 Kings 6, etc. It is evident that David desired to make a solemn and set business of handing over even the patterns and plans. Nor is this under any circumstances wonderful, but least of all considering their Divine origin. The Divine original of the tabernacle and all its belongings (Exodus 25-30; Hebrews 8:5) was not to be a neglected precedent as regards the greater temple. It is said that "David gave" these "patterns to Solomon his son" (ver. 11), and the form in which he gave them is explained in ver. 19. There we read, "The whole in writing from the hand of Jehovah upon me, he made me to understand - all the works of this pattern." Whatever we generally accept respecting the writing of the tables of the Law by the finger of God (Exodus 24:12; Exodus 31:18; Exodus 32:15, 16; Deuteronomy 4:13; Deuteronomy 5:5, 22; Deuteronomy 9:10), is at all events open for acceptance here. At the same time, the phraseology of our nineteenth verse is certainly not so uncompromising-as that of the references just instanced from the Books of Exodus and Deuteronomy. The words of ver. 19 may be satisfied by the meaning that David was in such manner and degree "in the Spirit" (Revelation 1:10), that in the writing and the drawing of patterns his hand was entirely under the guidance of that Spirit. In either alternative, to hand over such documents and such "patterns" must have been felt by David and all present an act of which much should be made. Verse 11. - The patterns of six parts of the future building are here delivered over to Solomon.

1. The porch; הָאוּלָם (1 Kings 6:3; 1 Kings 7:6; Ezekiel 40:7; Ezekiel 8:16; Joel 2:17; 2 Chronicles 3:4, where we read that the length was twenty cubits, and the height one hundred and twenty cubits; 2 Chronicles 8:12; 15:8; 29:7, 17); Septuagint, τὸ αἰλὰμ τοῦ rang generally, but in this verse τοῦ ναοῦ is all that appears. This porch was built on the east of the temple.

2. The houses thereof; i.e. not of the porch, but of the whole building; בָּתָּיו; Septuagint, τῶν οἴκων αὐτοῦ. The word "houses" in this place designates the" greater house," or" temple," or holy place of 2 Chronicles 3:5; 1 Kings 6:5, 17; and the "inner house," or "oracle," or "most holy house," or "holy of holies,'" of 2 Chronicles 3:8; 1 Kings 6:19-27.

3. The treasuries thereof; נַנְזַכָּיו, a word found only here in this form, with a Chaldee termination in אַּך; Septuagint, τῶν ζακχῶν αὐτοῦ. The treasuries were chambers for receiving gifts, and storing the treasures new or old of the temple. Which of the rooms that were built against the sides of the temple were set apart as these treasure- chambers is not known. Perhaps they were the three-storied wings of the temple (1 Kings 6:5).

4. The upper chambers thereof; עֲלִיּתֹיָו; Septuagint, τῶν ὑπερώωνι (for fuller treatment of these, see 2 Chronicles 3:9). We may only with confidence say of these chambers that they were upper chambers, but whether over the "oracle" as Keil and Bertheau think, or over the "porch," or the higher of those, that leaned against the sides of the main building, it is impossible to determine from such data as we at present have.

5. The inner parlours thereof; חֲדָרָיו הַפְגִימִים, Septuagint τῶν ἀποθηκῶν τῶν ἐσωτέρων. There can be little doubt that these designate the lower rooms of the side buildings of the holy place, and perhaps also of the porch.

6. The plane of the mercy-seat; בֵּית הַכַּפֹרֶת; Septuagint, τοῦ οἴκου τοῦ ἐξιλασμοῦ. Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch,.... The breadth, and length, and height of it, which was to be placed at the east end of the temple, and was the entrance into it:

and, of the houses thereof; the holy place, and the most holy, which latter is called the greater house, 2 Chronicles 3:5,

and of the treasures; where things belonging to the temple were laid up, the priests' vestments, and other things:

and of the upper chambers; where the priests lay or met for conversation, Jeremiah 35:2.

and of the inner parlours thereof; where the priests ate of the holy things; all these seem to he buildings against the wall of the temple round about, 1 Kings 6:5.

and of the place of the mercy seat: the holy of holies, where that, with the cherubim over it, and the ark under it, were placed. 11. Then David gave to Solomon … the pattern—He now put into the hands of his son and successor the plan or model of the temple, with the elevations, measurements, apartments, and chief articles of furniture, all of which were designed according to the pattern given him by divine revelation (1Ch 28:19).28:11-21 The temple must be a sacred thing, and a type of Christ; it must be framed by Divine teaching. Christ is the true temple, the church is the gospel temple, and heaven the everlasting temple; all are framed according to the Divine counsels, and the plan laid in the Divine wisdom, ordained before the world, for God's glory and our good. David gave this pattern to Solomon, that he might go by rule. Materials were provided for the most costly utensils of the temple. Directions were given which way to look for help in this great undertaking. Be not dismayed; God will help thee, and thou must look up to him in the first place. We may be sure that God, who owned our fathers, and carried them through the services of their day, will, in like manner, never leave us, while he has any work to do in us, or by us. Good work is likely to go on, when all concerned are hearty in furthering it. Let us hope in God's mercy; if we seek him, he will be found of us.
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